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NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

mediastinoscope  listen  (MEE-dee-uh-STY-noh-skope)

  A thin, tube-like instrument used to examine the tissues and lymph nodes in the area between the lungs. These tissues include the heart and its large blood vessels, trachea, esophagus, and bronchi. The mediastinoscope has a light and a lens for viewing and may also have a tool to remove tissue. It is inserted into the chest through a cut above the breastbone.

Mediastinoscopy; shows mediastinoscope with light and lens inserted into
the chest through an incision above the breastbone. Drawing shows right
and left lungs, trachea, and lymph nodes. Inset shows anterior
mediastinotomy (Chamberlain procedure) with incision beside the