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NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

myeloablative chemotherapy  listen  (MY-eh-loh-a-BLAY-tiv KEE-moh-THAYR-uh-pee)

  High-dose chemotherapy that kills cells in the bone marrow, including cancer cells. It lowers the number of normal blood-forming cells in the bone marrow, and can cause severe side effects. Myeloablative chemotherapy is usually followed by a bone marrow or stem cell transplant to rebuild the bone marrow.