NCI Drug Dictionary
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liposome-encapsulated RB94 plasmid DNA gene therapy agent SGT-94
A systemic gene therapy anti-cancer agent composed of cationic liposomes, which encapsulates plasmid DNA encoding for the tumor suppressor gene RB94 and is complexed with anti-transferrin receptor single chain antibody fragment (TfRscFv), with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon systemic administration of liposome-encapsulated RB94 plasmid DNA gene therapy agent SGT-94, the TfRscFv portion of this agent selectively targets the tumor cells expressing transferrin receptors. TfRscFv binding to the transferrin receptor allows receptor-mediated endocytosis and transfection, followed by the expression of RB94 gene. This induces tumor cell apoptosis through an as-of-yet unknown pathway. RB94 is a modified, N-terminal truncated form of the full-length protein retinoblastoma gene RB110, and exerts enhanced antitumor activity. The transferrin receptor (TfR) functions in cellular iron uptake through its interaction with transferrin, and is overexpressed in a variety of tumor types. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)