NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

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The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 7,804 terms related to cancer and medicine.

Browse the dictionary by selecting a letter of the alphabet or by entering a cancer-related word or phrase in the search box.

stage III melanoma
(... MEH-luh-NOH-muh)
The tumor may be any thickness, with or without ulceration (a break in the skin), and one or more of the following is true: (1) cancer has spread to one or more lymph nodes; (2) lymph nodes may be joined together (matted); (3) cancer may be in a lymph vessel between the primary tumor and nearby lymph nodes; and/or (4) very small tumors may be found on or under the skin, not more than 2 centimeters away from where the cancer first started.

EnlargeStage III melanoma; drawing shows a primary tumor on the lower arm. In the top inset, cancer is shown (a) in lymph nodes near a blood vessel. In the bottom inset, cancer is shown (b) in lymph nodes that are joined together (matted), (c) in a lymph vessel, and (d) not more than 2 centimeters away from the primary tumor.

Stage III melanoma. The tumor may be any thickness, with or without ulceration (a break in the skin), and (a) cancer has spread to one or more lymph nodes; (b) lymph nodes with cancer may be joined together (matted); (c) cancer may be in a lymph vessel between the primary tumor and nearby lymph nodes; and/or (d) very small tumors may be found on or under the skin, not more than 2 centimeters away from the primary tumor.