NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

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The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 7,811 terms related to cancer and medicine.

Browse the dictionary by selecting a letter of the alphabet or by entering a cancer-related word or phrase in the search box.

stage IV melanoma
(... MEH-luh-NOH-muh)
Cancer has spread to other places in the body, such as the lung, liver, brain, bone, soft tissue, gastrointestinal (GI) tract, or to places in the skin far away from where the cancer first started.

EnlargeStage IV melanoma; drawing shows that the primary tumor has spread to other parts of the body, such as the brain, lung, liver, lymph nodes, small intestine, or bone. The pullout shows cancer in the lymph nodes, lymph vessels, and blood vessel.

Stage IV melanoma. The tumor has spread to other parts of the body.