NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

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The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 7,893 terms related to cancer and medicine.

Browse the dictionary by selecting a letter of the alphabet or by entering a cancer-related word or phrase in the search box.

chemoprotective agent
(KEE-moh-proh-TEK-tiv AY-jent)
A type of drug that helps protect healthy tissue from some of the side effects caused by certain anticancer drugs. For example, in patients receiving certain anticancer drugs, amifostine helps protect the kidneys, mesna helps protect the bladder, and dexrazoxane (Zinecard) helps reduce heart damage.