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Screening and Testing to Detect Cancer: Types of Screening Tests

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  • Cancer Imaging Program
    Promotes and supports cancer-related basic, translational, and clinical research in imaging sciences and technology, and integration and application of these imaging discoveries and developments to the understanding of cancer biology and to the clinical management of cancer and cancer risk.
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Types of Screening Tests

Information about cancer screening and the types of tests used to find cancer.

On this page:

Imaging Tests

  • Mammograms
    A fact sheet that defines screening and diagnostic mammograms and outlines mammography screening guidelines. Discusses the benefits and some potential limitations of screening mammograms.
  • Find an FDA Certified Mammography Facility
    Find an FDA certified mammography facility near where you live or work.
  • Computed Tomography (CT) Scans and Cancer
    A fact sheet that describes the CT scan procedure and technology and its uses in diagnosis, screening, and treatment.

Laboratory Tests

  • Understanding Laboratory Tests
    A fact sheet that describes the role of screening and diagnostic laboratory tests. Includes a list of the common tests used in cancer medicine and a brief discussion of how to interpret test results.
  • Pap and HPV Testing
    A fact sheet that describes cervical cancer screening, which includes the Pap test and HPV testing. The fact sheet includes information about cervical cancer screening guidelines.
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test
    A fact sheet that describes the PSA screening test for prostate cancer and explains the benefits and limitations of the test.