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Levels of Evidence for Adult and Pediatric Cancer Treatment Studies (PDQ®)

Changes to This Summary (08/26/2010)

The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.

This summary was renamed from Levels of Evidence for Adult Cancer Treatment Studies.


Added text to include event-free survival as an indirect surrogate endpoint.

This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.

  • Updated: August 26, 2010