Changes to This Summary (11/06/2014)
The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.
Added text to state that gastroesophageal reflux/Barrett esophagus is associated with an increased risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma.
Revised text to state that based on fair evidence, among people who have a chronic Helicobacter pylori infection, serum cytotoxin-associated gene A antibodies and gastric atrophy are associated with an increased risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Screening and Prevention Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.