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Childhood Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors Treatment Overview (PDQ®)

  • Updated: 08/12/2014

Newly Diagnosed or Recurrent Tumor Type and Its Related PDQ Treatment Summary

Tumor Type Pathologic Subtype Related PDQ Treatment Summary 
CNS = central nervous system; WHO = World Health Organization.
Astrocytomas and Other Tumors of Glial Origin
Low-Grade AstrocytomasDiffuse fibrillary astrocytomaChildhood Astrocytomas Treatment
Gemistocytic astrocytoma
Pilocytic astrocytoma
Pilomyxoid astrocytoma
Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma
Protoplasmic astrocytoma
Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma
High-Grade AstrocytomasAnaplastic astrocytomaChildhood Astrocytomas Treatment
Anaplastic oligoastrocytoma
Anaplastic oligodendroglioma
Giant cell glioblastoma
Gliomatosis cerebri
Brain Stem Glioma
Diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomaChildhood Brain Stem Glioma Treatment
Focal or low-grade brain stem glioma
CNS Embryonal Tumors
MedulloblastomasAnaplasticChildhood CNS Embryonal Tumors Treatment
Large cell
Medulloblastoma with extensive nodularity
CNS Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors (PNETs)CNS ganglioneuroblastoma
CNS neuroblastoma
Pineal Parenchymal TumorsPineoblastoma
CNS Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid TumorChildhood CNS Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor Treatment
CNS Germ Cell Tumors
GerminomasChildhood CNS Germ Cell Tumors Treatment
TeratomasImmature teratoma
Mature teratoma
Teratoma with malignant transformation
Non-Germinomatous Germ Cell TumorsChoriocarcinoma
Embryonal carcinoma
Mixed germ cell tumor
Yolk sac tumor
Craniopharyngioma Childhood Craniopharyngioma Treatment
Subependymoma (WHO Grade I)Childhood Ependymoma Treatment
Myxopapillary ependymoma (WHO Grade I)
Ependymoma (WHO Grade II)
Anaplastic ependymoma (WHO Grade III)
Tumors of the Choroid Plexus