Changes to This Summary (02/17/2015)
The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.
Added IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans as reference 3.
Revised text to state that it is now widely accepted that human papillomavirus is the primary etiologic infectious agent that causes virtually all cases of cervical cancer (cited Schiffman et al., Trottier et al., and Ault as references 2, 3, and 5, respectively).
Revised text to state that in current smokers, this risk increases with the number of cigarettes smoked per day and younger age at initiation of smoking (cited Plummer et al. as reference 19 and Appleby et al. as reference 20).
Added Diethylstilbestrol Exposure as a new subsection.
This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Screening and Prevention Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.