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Table 3. Distant Metastasis (M)a

aReprinted with permission from AJCC: Testis. In: Edge SB, Byrd DR, Compton CC, et al., eds.: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2010, pp 469-78.
M0No distant metastasis.
M1Distant metastasis.
M1aNonregional nodal or pulmonary metastasis.
M1bDistant metastasis other than to nonregional lymph nodes and lung.