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Vaginal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)

Health Professional Version
Last Modified: 03/12/2014

Stage IVA Vaginal Cancer

Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Adenocarcinoma
Current Clinical Trials



Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Standard treatment options:

  1. Combination of interstitial, intracavitary, and external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT).[1-5]
  2. Rarely, surgery may be combined with the above.[6]
Adenocarcinoma

Standard treatment options:

  1. Combination of interstitial, intracavitary, and EBRT.[1,2]
  2. Rarely, surgery may be combined with the above.[7]
Current Clinical Trials

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with stage IVA vaginal cancer. The list of clinical trials can be further narrowed by location, drug, intervention, and other criteria.

General information about clinical trials is also available from the NCI Web site.

References
  1. Perez CA, Camel HM, Galakatos AE, et al.: Definitive irradiation in carcinoma of the vagina: long-term evaluation of results. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 15 (6): 1283-90, 1988.  [PUBMED Abstract]

  2. Chyle V, Zagars GK, Wheeler JA, et al.: Definitive radiotherapy for carcinoma of the vagina: outcome and prognostic factors. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 35 (5): 891-905, 1996.  [PUBMED Abstract]

  3. Frank SJ, Jhingran A, Levenback C, et al.: Definitive radiation therapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the vagina. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 62 (1): 138-47, 2005.  [PUBMED Abstract]

  4. Tran PT, Su Z, Lee P, et al.: Prognostic factors for outcomes and complications for primary squamous cell carcinoma of the vagina treated with radiation. Gynecol Oncol 105 (3): 641-9, 2007.  [PUBMED Abstract]

  5. Lian J, Dundas G, Carlone M, et al.: Twenty-year review of radiotherapy for vaginal cancer: an institutional experience. Gynecol Oncol 111 (2): 298-306, 2008.  [PUBMED Abstract]

  6. Boronow RC, Hickman BT, Reagan MT, et al.: Combined therapy as an alternative to exenteration for locally advanced vulvovaginal cancer. II. Results, complications, and dosimetric and surgical considerations. Am J Clin Oncol 10 (2): 171-81, 1987.  [PUBMED Abstract]

  7. Stock RG, Chen AS, Seski J: A 30-year experience in the management of primary carcinoma of the vagina: analysis of prognostic factors and treatment modalities. Gynecol Oncol 56 (1): 45-52, 1995.  [PUBMED Abstract]