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Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma Treatment (PDQ®)

Patient Version

Treatment Options for Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma

Localized Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma

Treatment of localized benign pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma is usually surgery to completely remove the tumor. If the tumor is in the adrenal gland, the entire adrenal gland is removed.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with localized benign pheochromocytoma. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Inherited Pheochromocytoma

In patients with inherited pheochromocytoma linked to multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN2) or von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome, tumors often form in both adrenal glands. The tumors are usually benign.

  • Treatment for inherited pheochromocytoma that forms in one adrenal gland is surgery to completely remove the gland. This surgery may help patients avoid lifelong steroid hormone replacement therapy and acute adrenal insufficiency.
  • Treatment for inherited pheochromocytoma that forms in both adrenal glands or later forms in the remaining adrenal gland may be surgery to remove the tumor and as little normal tissue in the adrenal cortex as possible. This surgery may help patients avoid life-long hormone replacement therapy and health problems due to the loss of hormones made by the adrenal gland.

Regional Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma

Treatment of pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma that has spread to nearby organs or lymph nodes is surgery to completely remove the tumor. Nearby organs that the cancer has spread to, such as the kidney, liver, part of a major blood vessel, and lymph nodes, may also be removed.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with regional pheochromocytoma. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Metastatic Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma

Treatment of metastatic pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma may include the following:

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with metastatic pheochromocytoma. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Recurrent Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma

Treatment of recurrent pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma may include the following:

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with recurrent pheochromocytoma. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

  • Updated: June 10, 2014