Selinexor with Multiple Standard Chemotherapy Regimens in Treating Patients with Advanced Malignancies

Status: Active

Description

This phase Ib trial studies the side effects and best dose of selinexor when given together with several different standard chemotherapy regimens in treating patients with malignancies that have spread to other places in the body and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment (advanced). Selinexor may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Studying selinexor with different standard chemotherapy regimens may help doctors learn the side effects and best dose of selinexor that can be given with different types of treatments in one study.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant neoplasms (not including hematological malignancies and brain tumors) untreated or previously treated requiring further treatment; patients must be refractory to, and intolerant of, established therapy known to provide clinical benefit for their condition; patients in Arm L (pembrolizumab) and Arm M (nivolumab) can be treatment naive and do not have to fail first line nivolumab or pembrolizumab if they have disease where pembrolizumab or nivolumab are Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for the first-line setting
  • For all arms except Arm L (pembrolizumab) and Arm M (nivolumab), patients must have failed prior standard curative chemotherapy for their disease; subjects must have failed, be intolerant to, or be ineligible for any potentially curative approved treatment, irrespective of line of therapy
  • Patients must have measurable disease (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] 1.1)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
  • The patient must be recovered from a prior major surgery; the major surgery must be performed at least 4 weeks prior to consent date
  • Platelets >= 125 x 10^9/L (for Arm L pembrolizumab and Arm M nivolumab and expansion cohorts for all arms, platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L)
  • Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL (for Arm L pembrolizumab and Arm M nivolumab and expansion cohorts for all arms, hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L
  • White blood cells (WBC) >= 3 x 10^9/L, transfusions and growth factors are allowed
  • Alanine transaminase (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 2 x upper normal limit (ULN) (in the expansion cohort, patients with known liver involvement may have ALT =< 5 x ULN); aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2 x ULN (in the expansion cohort, patients with known liver involvement may have AST =< 5 x ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase < 4 x ULN
  • Total bilirubin =< 2 x ULN (in the expansion cohort, patients with Gilbert’s syndrome [hereditary indirect hyperbilirubinemia] who must have a total bilirubin of =< 3 x ULN)
  • Albumin >= 3 g/dL
  • Renal function defined as a calculated or measured glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 30 mL/min. For patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the GFR may be defined as >= 25 mL/min
  • The patient has recovered to grade =< 1 by the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.03 (NCI-CTCAE v4.03) from the effects of recent surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or other targeted therapies, with the exception of alopecia; the exceptions for such effects are allowed lab values of =< grade 2 specified elsewhere in these inclusion criteria
  • Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication
  • Patients must give informed consent according to the rules and regulations of the individual participating sites
  • Negative serum pregnancy test in women of childbearing potential within 7 days of first dose of treatment and patients of child-bearing potential must agree to use effective contraception during/after 3 months post dose; a woman of childbearing potential is defined as a premenopausal female capable of becoming pregnant; this includes women on oral, injectable or mechanical contraception; women who are single and women whose male sexual partners have been vasectomized or whose male sexual partners have received or are utilizing mechanical contraceptive devices
  • For the Arm B (paclitaxel) expansion cohort, patients must have ovarian carcinoma
  • For Arm C (eribulin) expansion cohort, patients must have triple negative breast cancer (eribulin naive)
  • For Arm K (olaparib), patients must have pre-identified BRCA 1/2 mutant cancer

Exclusion Criteria

  • Evidence of complete or partial bowel obstruction
  • Patients with primary central nervous system (CNS) tumor or CNS tumor involvement; however, patients with metastatic CNS tumors may participate in this study if the patient is: * > 4 weeks from prior therapy completion (including radiation and/or surgery) * Clinically stable with respect to the CNS tumor at the time of study entry * Not receiving steroid therapy in treating CNS tumor or CNS tumor involvement * Not receiving anti-convulsive medications (that were started for brain metastases)
  • Need of total parenteral nutrition
  • Prior treatment with an agent targeting the exportin
  • Allergic to selinexor or any of the chemotherapy intended to receive
  • Pregnancy or lactation
  • Radiation (except planned or ongoing palliative radiation to bone outside of the region of measurable disease) =< 3 weeks prior to study drug administration date
  • Chemotherapy, or immunotherapy or any other systemic anticancer therapy =< 3 weeks prior to study drug administration date; patients receiving anti-PD-1 treatment, and continue to receiving this treatment in combination with selinexor (Arms L and M), can start receiving the selinexor and anti-PD-1 combination without washout of the prior anti-PD-1 antibody
  • Diagnosis or recurrence of invasive cancer other than the present cancer within 3 years (except basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has been definitively treated)
  • Major surgery within four weeks before consent date
  • Unstable cardiovascular function: symptomatic ischemia (chest pain of cardiac origin), or uncontrolled clinically significant conduction abnormalities (e.g. ventricular tachycardia on antiarrhythmics are excluded and 1st degree atrioventricular [AV] block or asymptomatic left anterior fascicular block [LAFB]/right bundle branch block [RBBB] will not be excluded), or congestive heart failure (CHF) of New York Heart Association (NYHA) class >= 3, or myocardial infarction (MI) within 3 months of consent date
  • Uncontrolled active infection requiring parenteral antibiotics, antivirals, or antifungals within one week prior to the first dose; active infection with concurrent treatment is acceptable only if the patient is clinically stable
  • Significantly diseased (as determined by the principal investigator [PI] or treating physician) or obstructed gastrointestinal tract or uncontrolled vomiting or diarrhea
  • Treatment with an investigational anti-cancer study drug within 3 weeks prior to study drug administration date
  • Concurrent therapy with approved or investigational anticancer therapeutics
  • Medical, psychological or social conditions that may interfere with the patient's participation in the study or evaluation of the study results
  • Men whose partner is a woman of child-bearing potential, (i.e. biologically able to conceive), and who is not employing two forms of highly effective contraception; highly effective contraception (e.g. male condom with spermicide, diaphragm with spermicide, intra-uterine device) must be used by both sexes during the study and must be continued for 3 months after the end of study treatment; women of child-bearing potential is defined as sexually mature women who are not surgically sterile or who have not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (e.g., who has had menses any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months)
  • For Arms L (pembrolizumab) and M (nivolumab), subjects with an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease; subjects with type I diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll
  • For Arms L (pembrolizumab) and M (nivolumab), subjects receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days before the first dose of study treatment; use of inhaled or topical steroids or systemic corticosteroids =< 10 mg is permitted
  • For Arms L (pembrolizumab) and M (nivolumab), history of a prior grade 3 or 4 immune-related adverse event (irAE) or any grade ocular irAE from prior immunotherapy

Locations & Contacts

Texas

Conroe
MD Anderson in The Woodlands
Status: Active
Contact: Aung Naing
Phone: 713-563-1930
Houston
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Status: Active
Contact: Aung Naing
Phone: 713-563-1930
MD Anderson West Houston
Status: Active
Contact: Aung Naing
Phone: 713-563-1930
League City
MD Anderson League City
Status: Active
Contact: Aung Naing
Phone: 713-563-1930
Sugar Land
MD Anderson in Sugar Land
Status: Active
Contact: Aung Naing
Phone: 713-563-1930

Trial Objectives and Outline

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To establish the safety and tolerability of selinexor when given in combination with standard chemotherapy regimens.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine disease control and progression free survival of selinexor administered with standard chemotherapy treatments.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the correlation of translational biomarkers.

II. To compare serial assessment of mutation status in biopsies obtained at baseline and progression after clinical response to combination therapy.

III. To assess the efficacy of olanzapine as incorporated in the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines for the management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and cachexia.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of selinexor. Patients are assigned to 1 of 13 treatment arms.

ARM A: Patients receive selinexor orally (PO) on days 1, 8, and 15 and carboplatin intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 6 courses, patients can continue single agent selinexor until disease progression. (ARM CLOSED)

ARM B: Patients receive selinexor PO twice weekly (e.g. Monday/Wednesday or Tuesday/Thursday or Wednesday/Friday or Thursday/Saturday or Friday/Sunday) on days 1-14. Patients then receive selinexor PO on days 1, 3, 8 and 10 and paclitaxel IV over 3 hours on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 8 courses, of combination treatment, patients can continue single agent selinexor until disease progression.

ARM C: Patients receive selinexor PO on days 1, 8, and 15 and eribulin mesylate IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 8. Combination treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 6 courses, patients can continue single agent selinexor until disease progression.

ARM D: Patients receive selinexor PO on days 1, 8, and 15, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 6 courses, patients can continue single agent selinexor until disease progression. (ARM CLOSED)

ARM E: Patients receive selinexor PO on days 1, 8, and 15 and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes and paclitaxel IV over 3 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 8 courses depending on cancer type (6 courses for non-small cell lung cancer, up to 8 courses for ovarian cancer and other histological malignancies) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 6 to 8 courses, patients can continue single agent selinexor until disease progression. (ARM CLOSED)

ARM F: Patients receive selinexor PO on days 1, 8, and 15 and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes and pemetrexed disodium IV over 10 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 6 courses, patients can continue single agent selinexor until disease progression. (ARM CLOSED)

ARM G: Patients receive selinexor PO on days 1, 8, and 15 and topotecan hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 8 courses, patients can continue single agent selinexor until disease progression. (ARM CLOSED)

ARM H: Patients receive selinexor PO on days 1, 8, 15 and 22, irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes, fluorouracil continuous IV and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 6 courses, patients can continue single agent selinexor until disease progression. (ARM CLOSED)

ARM I: Patients receive selinexor PO on days 1, 8 and 15 and irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 8 courses, patients can continue single agent selinexor until disease progression. (ARM CLOSED)

ARM J: Patients receive selinexor PO on days 1, 8 and 15, capecitabine PO twice daily (BID) on days 1-14 and oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 8 courses, patients can continue single agent selinexor until disease progression. (ARM CLOSED)

ARM K: Patients receive selinexor PO on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 and olaparib PO BID on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM L: Patients receive selinexor PO twice weekly (e.g. Monday/Wednesday or Tuesday/Thursday or Wednesday/Friday or Thursday/Saturday or Friday/Sunday) and pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM M: Patients receive selinexor PO twice weekly (e.g. Monday/Wednesday or Tuesday/Thursday or Wednesday/Friday or Thursday/Saturday or Friday/Sunday) and nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients may continue to receive selinexor and chemotherapy after confirmed progressive disease in the absence of clinical deterioration and if the investigator considers that the patient continues to receive benefit from the treatment.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 12 weeks for 1 year.

Trial Phase & Type

Trial Phase

Phase I

Trial Type

Treatment

Lead Organization

Lead Organization
M D Anderson Cancer Center

Principal Investigator
Aung Naing

Trial IDs

Primary ID 2014-0640
Secondary IDs NCI-2015-00693
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT02419495