Abiraterone Acetate, Niclosamide, and Prednisone in Treating Patients with Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
- Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed cancer of prostate (CaP); CaP can be recurrent disease after definitive therapy (radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy) for localized CaP, or metastatic CaP
- Patients must have CaP deemed to be castration-resistant by one or more of the following criteria (despite androgen deprivation when applicable): * Progression of unidimensionally measurable disease assessed within 42 days prior to initial administration of drug * Progression of evaluable but not measurable disease assessed within 42 days prior to initial administration of drug for PSA evaluation and for imaging studies (e.g, bone scans) * Rising PSA, defined as at least two consecutive rises in PSA to be documented over a reference value (measure 1); the first rising PSA (measure 2) should be taken at least 7 days after the reference value; a third confirmatory PSA measure (second [2nd] beyond the reference level) should be greater than the second measure, and it must be obtained at least 7 days after the 2nd measure; if this is not the case, a fourth PSA measurement is required to be taken and be greater than the second measure
- Patient must have been treated with enzalutamide or other second-generation androgen receptor antagonist (such as apalutamide) before enrollment into this trial
- Measurable disease is not required * Patients who have measurable disease must have had X-rays, scans or physical examinations used for tumor measurement completed within 28 days prior to initial administration of drug * Patients must have non-measurable disease (such as nuclear medicine bone scans) and non-target lesions (such as PSA level) assessed within 28 days prior to initial administration of drug * Soft tissue disease that has been radiated within two months prior to registration is not assessable as measurable disease; soft tissue disease that has been radiated two or more months prior to registration is assessable as measurable disease provided that the lesion has progressed following radiation; as the biology of previously irradiated tumors may be different from non-irradiated tumors, patients must have at least one measurable lesion outside the previously irradiated region in order to be considered to have measurable disease * If PSA is the only indicator of disease and patients do not have any metastatic disease, PSA value must be 5.0 or higher
- Patients must have been surgically or medically castrated; if the method of castration was luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists (leuprolide or goserelin) or antagonists (degarelix), then the patient must be willing to continue the use of LHRH agonists or antagonists; serum testosterone must be at castration levels (< 50 ng/dL) within 3 months prior to registration
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
- Life expectancy of greater than 6 months
- Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
- Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
- Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
- Creatinine =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
- The effects of abiraterone and PDMX1001/niclosamide on the developing human fetus are unknown; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use highly effective birth control prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of abiraterone and PDMX1001/niclosamide administration
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
- Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
- Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents within the preceding 4 weeks
- Patients on herbs or other alternative medicines for the treatment of prostate cancer, including but not limited to saw palmetto, PC-SPES
- Patient has received niclosamide, abiraterone or ketoconazole for the treatment of prostate cancer; however, previous treatment with other hormonal therapy (bicalutamide, enzalutamide, flutamide and nilutamide) or chemotherapy (docetaxel, cabazitaxel or mitoxantrone) is allowed
- Other malignancies within the past 3 years except for adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinomas of the skin or other stage 0 or I cancers
- Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events
- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to abiraterone or PDMX1001/niclosamide
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with abiraterone or PDMX1001/niclosamide, and because of the immunosuppressive effect of prednisone
- Impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease that may significantly alter the absorption of drugs (e.g., ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome or small bowel resection)
- Patients with an active bleeding diathesis
- History of noncompliance to medical regimens
- Patients unwilling to or unable to comply with the protocol
- Patients with symptomatic metastatic prostate cancer such as moderate to severe pain, impaired organ function or spinal cord compression will be excluded from this study unless these issues have been taken care of
I. To determine the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response that is a 50% or more reduction from the baseline.
I. To determine the overall response as determined by the Prostate Cancer Working Group 2 criteria (PCWG2).
II. To evaluate the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients treated with PDMX1001/niclosamide (niclosamide), abiraterone (abiraterone acetate) and prednisone.
III. To assess the toxicity of PDMX1001/niclosamide, abiraterone and prednisone given in combination.
IV. To evaluate molecular correlatives for patient response and outcomes through the analysis of patient baseline tumor specimens (diagnostic biopsy) along with serial blood specimens.
Patients receive abiraterone acetate orally (PO) once a day (QD), niclosamide PO twice a day (BID) or three times daily (TID), and prednisone PO BID. Cycles repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 3 months.
Trial Phase Phase II
Trial Type Treatment
University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
- Primary ID UCDCC#260
- Secondary IDs NCI-2016-00779
- Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT02807805