Pharmacokinetic Study of Lurbinectedin in Combination With Irinotecan in Patients With Selected Solid Tumors
- Voluntarily signed and dated written informed consent prior to any specific-study procedure.
- Age ≥ 18 years.
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) ≤ 1.
- Life expectancy ≥ 3 months.
- Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of advanced disease of any of the following tumor types: For the Lurbinectedin Escalation Group and the Irinotecan Escalation Group:
- Soft-tissue sarcoma (excluding gastrointestinal stromal tumors [GIST]).
- Endometrial carcinoma.
- Epithelial ovarian carcinoma (including primary peritoneal disease and/or fallopian tube carcinomas and/or endometrial adenocarcinomas) regardless of platinum sensitivity.
- Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NET).
- Small cell lung cancer (SCLC).
- Pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
- Gastric carcinoma.
- Colorectal carcinoma (CRC). For the Intermediate Escalation Group:
- Endometrial carcinoma.
- Other solid tumors may be included, if appropriate, after discussion between the Investigators and the Sponsor. For the Phase II expansion stage:
- Soft tissue sarcoma (including synovial sarcoma),
- Endometrial carcinoma.
- Neuroendocrine tumors.
- Group 1: NENs grade 3 (Ki-67 >20%) according to the 2019 WHO classification of tumors of the digestive system, of gastroenteropancreatic origin or unknown primary site (lung primary tumors will be excluded).
- Group 2: Well differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (P-NETs) grade 2 (Ki-67 3-20%) or low grade 3 (Ki-67 21-55%) according to the 2019 WHO classification of tumors of the digestive system.
- The number of prior lines of therapy allowed per patient will be as follows: For the Phase I Escalation Stage: No more than two prior lines of cytotoxic-containing chemotherapy regimens for advanced disease For the Phase II Lurbinectedin Expansion Stage:
- For SCLC, one prior line of platinum-containing chemotherapy with/without antibodies against programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) or programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1).
- For NENs,
- In Group 1 (patients with NENs of gastroenteropancreatic origin or unknown primary site, excluding lung primary tumors), progression to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy; and
- In Group 2 (patients with well differentiated P-NETs), no more than three prior lines of systemic therapy (that may include somatostatin analogues, chemotherapy, everolimus and/or sunitinib).
- For all other tumor types, no more than two prior lines of cytotoxic-containing chemotherapy regimens for advanced disease. There is no limit for prior targeted therapy, hormonal therapy and immunotherapy (such as nivolumab).
- Phase II expansion stage: Tumor-specific cohort(s) at the RD:
- Measurable disease according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v.1.1. For patients with glioblastoma: Measurable disease according to RECIST v.1.1 and Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria.
- Documented disease progression per RECIST v.1.1 during or immediately after last therapy according to any of the aforementioned criteria. For patients with glioblastoma: Documented disease progression per RECIST v.1.1 and RANO criteria.
- At least three weeks since the last anticancer therapy (excluding immunotherapy that must be at least two weeks, provided that is not combined with chemotherapy), including investigational drugs and radiotherapy, and at least six weeks since nitrosoureas and mitomycin C (systemic). For biological/investigational anticancer therapies given orally, the aforementioned period of at least three weeks could be changed for one of at least five half-lives (whichever occurred first), provided that the therapy is given as single agent and not combined with other drugs. If this is not the case, this exception will not be acceptable. For patients with glioblastoma: at least 12 weeks since the end of radiotherapy, except if:
- The patient has a new lesion outside of the radiotherapy field, or
- The patient has undergone brain surgery to remove the tumor before study entry, and progressive disease has been confirmed histologically. Note: washout periods will be referred to the day of first cycle administration (Day 1), not to the day of registration (Day 0).
- Adequate bone marrow, renal, hepatic, and metabolic function (assessed ≤ 7 days before inclusion in the trial):
- Platelet count ≥ 100 × 10^9/L, hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 2.0 × 10^9/L.
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3.0 × the upper limit of normal (ULN), even in the presence of liver metastases.
- Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤ 2.5 × ULN (≤ 5 × ULN if disease-related/in the case of liver metastases).
- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN or direct bilirubin ≤ ULN.
- International Normalized Ratio (INR) < 1.5 (except if patient is on oral anticoagulation therapy).
- Calculated creatinine clearance (CrCL) ≥ 30 mL/minute (using Cockcroft-Gault formula).
- Creatine phosphokinase (CPK) ≤ 2.5 × ULN.
- Albumin ≥ 3.0 g/dL
- Recovery to grade ≤ 1 or to baseline from any adverse event (AE) derived from previous treatment (excluding alopecia and/or cutaneous toxicity and/or peripheral neuropathy and/or fatigue grade ≤ 2).
- Concomitant diseases/conditions:
- History or presence of unstable angina, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, or clinically significant valvular heart disease within the previous year.
- Symptomatic arrhythmia or any uncontrolled arrhythmia requiring ongoing treatment.
- Myopathy or any clinical situation that causes significant and persistent elevation of CPK (> 2.5 × ULN in two different determinations performed one week apart).
- Ongoing chronic alcohol consumption or cirrhosis with Child-Pugh score B or C. Known Gilbert disease.
- Active uncontrolled infection.
- Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection or active hepatitis B.
- Any past or present chronic inflammatory colon and/or liver disease, past intestinal obstruction, pseudo or sub-occlusion or paralysis.
- Evident symptomatic pulmonary fibrosis or interstitial pneumonitis, pleural or cardiac effusion rapidly increasing and/or necessitating prompt local treatment within seven days.
- Any other major illness that, in the Investigator's judgment, will substantially increase the risk associated with the patient's participation in this study
- Active Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) (this includes positive test for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in nasopharyngeal/oropharyngeal swabs or nasal swabs by PCR).
- Prior treatment with lurbinectedin, trabectedin (Yondelis®) or topoisomerase I inhibitors (irinotecan, topotecan, etc.). Prior topoisomerase inhibitors (e.g., irinotecan) are only allowed in patients with colorectal carcinoma
- Prior bone marrow or stem cell transplantation, or radiation therapy in more than 35% of bone marrow.
- Known brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease involvement. Glioblastoma lesions (primary or locally advanced) are eligible. Exception: patients with brain metastases are eligible provided they are radiologically stable, i.e. without evidence of progression for at least 4 weeks by repeat imaging (note that the repeat imaging should be performed during study screening), clinically stable and without requirement of steroid treatment (patients taking steroids in the process of already being tapered within two weeks prior to screening are allowed). Brain CT-scan or MRI results must be provided at baseline.
- Women who are pregnant or breast feeding and fertile patients (men and women) who are not using an effective method of contraception. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to use an effective contraception method to avoid pregnancy during the course of the trial (and for at least six months after the last infusion). Fertile male patients must agree to refrain from fathering a child or donating sperm during the trial and for four months after the last infusion.
- Limitation of the patient's ability to comply with the treatment or follow-up protocol.
Phase I dose escalation stage.
During the Phase I escalation stage, patients with selected advanced solid tumors will be
divided into three groups: the Lurbinectedin Escalation Group, the Irinotecan Escalation
Group and the Intermediate Escalation Group. Each group will have a different dose escalation
scheme. A treatment cycle is defined as an interval of three weeks.
Three to six patients will be included at each dose level. If dose-limiting toxicity (DLT)
occurs in less than one third of evaluable patients in each cohort, escalation can proceed to
the next dose level within each group.
The MTD in each group will be the lowest dose level explored during dose escalation in which
one third or more of evaluable patients develops a DLT in Cycle 1. At any dose level, if one
among the first three evaluable patients has a DLT, the dose level should be expanded up to
six patients. Dose escalation will be terminated once the MTD or the last dose level is
reached, whichever occurs first, except if all DLTs occurring at a given dose level are
related to neutropenia (i.e., febrile neutropenia, grade 4 neutropenia lasting > 3 days or
neutropenic sepsis) in which case dose escalation may be resumed, starting at the same dose
level and following the same original schedule but with mandatory primary G-CSF prophylaxis.
Once the MTD has been reached, a minimum of nine evaluable patients will be recruited at the
immediately lower dose level (or at the last dose level if the MTD is not defined yet): this
level will be confirmed as the RD if less than one third of the first nine evaluable patients
develop DLT during Cycle 1.
Phase II expansion stage.
If signs of activity are observed in one or more tumor types, there will be a phase II
expansion stage after the RD is defined for each group. A tumor-specific expansion cohort (or
cohorts if signs of activity are observed in more than one of the permitted tumor types) at
each of these RDs may include approximately 20 treated patients per tumor type. If no
indication of efficacy is observed in the dose escalation phase of a specific group, then
recruitment of patients into that group may be terminated.
Furthermore, one new cohort of patients with neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs), with
approximately 40 treated patients, will be included in the Phase II expansion stage of this
study. Patients in this cohort will be treated at the RD determined during the Phase I
escalation stage in the Lurbinectedin Escalation Group (Lurbinectedin 2.0 mg/m2 plus
irinotecan 75 mg/m2 with the administration of G-CSF). These patients will be divided into
two groups of 20 treated patients each:
- Group 1 will include patients with NENs of gastroenteropancreatic origin or unknown
primary site (excluding lung primary tumors) grade 3 (Ki67 >20%) according to the 2019
World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumors of the digestive system, after
progression to first-line chemotherapy with a platinum-based regimen.
- Group 2 will include patients with well differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors
(P-NETs) grade 2 (Ki-67 3-20%) or low grade 3 (Ki-67 21-55%) according to the 2019 WHO
classification of tumors of the digestive system, after progression to no more than
three prior lines of systemic therapy.
Following the finding of promising efficacy to date, two expansion cohorts in the
Lurbinectedin Escalation Group will be further expanded:
- The cohort of patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) will be expanded to at least
100 patients treated in second line.
- The cohort of patients with soft tissue sarcoma (STS) will be expanded with between 25
and 80 treated patients with synovial sarcoma (a subtype of STS)
Only in these two expansion cohorts, an Independent Review Committee (IRC) will determine the
best patient's response and assign the date of first documentation of response and
progression/censoring according to RECIST v.1.1. Operational details for the IRC and the
algorithm and its validation by an expert panel are described in detail in the IRC charter.
Trial Phase Phase I/II
Trial Type Treatment
- Primary ID PM1183-A-014-15
- Secondary IDs NCI-2016-01032
- Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT02611024