Olive Oil for High Risk Breast Cancer Prevention in Women

Status: Active

Description

This is a pilot study evaluating the effect of hydroxytyrosol, a component of olive oil, on mammographic density in women at high risk of developing breast cancer.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Female aged ≥18 years of age.
  • Elevated risk of breast cancer as defined by at least one of the following categories and have declined tamoxifen and/or raloxifene therapy:
  • Diagnosis of lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS), atypical ductal, or lobular hyperplasia.
  • A known deleterious mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2, PTEN, or TP53. (Note: The participant must be a documented carrier to meet this criterion. If there is a known mutation in a hereditary breast cancer susceptibility gene in a participant's family member, the participant herself must have undergone genetic testing as per National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines to be eligible per this criterion.)
  • Modified Gail/CARE model risk at 5 years ≥ 1.67%. (Note: Risk models are to be used only if there is no known previous diagnosis of resected ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS] or LCIS and there is no known deleterious mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2, PTEN, or TP53)
  • 10% or more probability of BRCA mutation by BRCAPRO or similar model
  • Must have at least one breast available for imaging and biopsy. A previously irradiated breast (i.e., for resected DCIS) is not evaluable for breast imaging or biopsy. a. Allow for submission of core needle breast material for future use.
  • Baseline mammogram performed within 90 days prior to study entry, done on a digital mammography machine, that are reported as normal or benign.
  • Baseline mammographic density > 10% based upon the classification system (2 = 11-50%, "scattered fibroglandular densities"; 3 = 51-75%, heterogeneously dense; 4 = >75%, extremely dense). Women with a baseline mammographic density of ≤ 10% (1 = ≤10%, breasts are almost entirely fat) will not be eligible
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-1.
  • Prior anticoagulant therapy use is allowed provided therapy is discontinued at least 7 days prior to the breast biopsy in order to reduce the risk of bleeding. For participants who have taken an anticoagulation within the past 7 days, international normalized ratio must be ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal and prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time ≤ ULN prior to the breast biopsy.
  • Must agree to use effective consistent contraception. Hormone-based birth control (pills, patches, or shots) is allowed. Hormone replacement therapy is not allowed for postmenopausal participants.
  • Must not participate in any other clinical trial for the treatment or prevention of cancer unless they are no longer receiving the intervention and are in the follow-up phase only. Participants must also agree not to join such a trial while participating in this study.
  • Provide written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria

  • DCIS or previous invasive ductal carcinoma.
  • Any prior malignancy except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer and in situ cervical cancer.
  • Prior tamoxifen or raloxifene use in the past 1 year.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Bilateral breast implants. Prior breast reduction surgery is allowed.
  • Mammograms that are reported as suspicious.

Locations & Contacts

See trial information on ClinicalTrials.gov for a list of participating sites.

Trial Objectives and Outline

This is a pilot study evaluating the effect of hydroxytyrosol, a component of olive oil, on mammographic density in women at high risk of developing breast cancer. Participants will take hydroxytyrosol orally once daily for 1 year. Breast density as determined by mammography and the safety/toxicity of hydroxytyrosol will be assessed.

Trial Phase & Type

Trial Phase

Phase II/III

Trial Type

Prevention

Lead Organization

Lead Organization
Tejal Patel, MD

Trial IDs

Primary ID Pro00009472
Secondary IDs NCI-2017-00100, 0713-0108
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT02068092