Busulfan, Fludarabine Phosphate, and Post-Transplant Cyclophosphamide in Treating Patients with Blood Cancer Undergoing Donor Stem Cell Transplant

Status: Active

Description

This phase II trial studies the side effect of busulfan, fludarabine phosphate, and post-transplant cyclophosphamide in treating patients with blood cancer undergoing donor stem cell transplant. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as busulfan, fludarabine phosphate and cyclophosphamide work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy such as busulfan and fludarabine phosphate before a donor stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cells in the bone marrow, including normal blood-forming cells (stem cells) and cancer cells. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can make an immune response against the body's normal cells (called graft-versus-host disease). Giving cyclophosphamide after the transplant may stop this from happening. Once the donated stem cells begin working, the patient's immune system may see the remaining cancer cells as not belonging in the patient's body and destroy them.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Patients with high-risk hematologic malignancies with anticipated poor prognosis with non transplant therapy, including those in remission or with induction failure and after treated or untreated relapse; Diagnoses to be included a) Acute myeloid leukemia; b) Acute lymphocytic leukemia; c) Chronic myeloid leukemia; d) Chronic lymphoproliferative disorder; e) Myelodysplastic syndrome; f) Myeloproliferative syndromes; g) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; h) Hodgkin's Lymphoma; i) Multiple myeloma
  • Patients must have a haploidentical related donor or a fully matched related or unrelated donor
  • Performance score of >= 70 by Karnofsky/Lansky or performance score (PS) 0 to 1 (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG] =< 1)
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction >= 50%
  • Adequate pulmonary function with forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) >= 50% of expected corrected for hemoglobin and/or volume; children unable to perform pulmonary function tests (e.g., less than 7 years old) pulse oximetry of >= 92% on room air
  • Creatinine clearance (calculated creatinine clearance by Cockcroft-Gault using adjusted body weight if actual body weight is 20% greater than ideal is permitted) should be > 50 ml/min
  • Bilirubin =< 2 x the upper limit of normal (except with patients high indirect bilirubin due to Gilbert’s syndrome, hypersplenism, or hemolysis)
  • Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) < 200
  • Negative beta human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) test in a woman with child bearing potential, defined as not post-menopausal for 12 months or no previous surgical sterilization; women of child bearing potential must be willing to use an effective contraceptive measure while on study
  • Patient or patient’s legal representative able to sign informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity
  • Uncontrolled infections
  • Patients with comorbidity score > 3; the principal investigator is the final arbiter of eligibility for comorbidity score > 3
  • Prior allogeneic transplant
  • Patients with active hepatitis B and C
  • Patients with prior coronary artery disease
  • Patients who received inotuzumab and/or gemtuzumab in the past

Locations & Contacts

Texas

Houston
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Status: Active
Contact: Uday R. Popat
Phone: 713-792-8750

Trial Objectives and Outline

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To assess safety of timed sequential busulfan and fludarabine conditioning regimen and post transplant cyclophosphamide as determined by day 100 non-relapse mortality in patients undergoing allogeneic transplantation: from matched donors; from mismatched (haploidentical) donors.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To evaluate efficacy of this therapy and to compare outcomes between recipients of matched and mismatched donors by studying the following endpoints: graft versus host disease (GVHD)-free/relapse free survival; relapse-free survival; overall survival; non-relapse mortality; relapse rate; time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment; incidence of acute and chronic GVHD; grade 3 and 4 adverse events.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To study impact of timed sequential busulfan therapy and post-transplant cyclophosphamide on immune reconstitution and cytokines levels post-transplant.

OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 4 groups.

GROUP I (FROM HAPLOIDENTICAL DONOR): Patients receive busulfan intravenously (IV) over 3 hours on days -13, -12, and -6 to -3, thiotepa IV over 4 hours on day -7, fludarabine phosphate IV over 1 hour on days -6 to -3. Patients undergo stem cell transplantation IV on day 0. Patients then receive cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours on days 3 and 4. Beginning on day 5, patients receive tacrolimus IV continuously or orally (PO) twice daily (BID) for up to 3 months and mycophenolate mofetil PO thrice daily (TID).

GROUP II (FROM MATCHED DONOR): Patients receive busulfan IV over 3 hours on days -13, -12, and -6 to -3, fludarabine phosphate IV over 1 hour on days -6 to -3. Patients undergo stem cell transplantation IV on day 0. Patients then receive cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours on days 3 and 4. Beginning on day 5, patients receive tacrolimus IV continuously or PO BID for up to 3 months.

GROUP III and GROUP IV: Patients receiving haploidentical related donor transplant, diagnosis of myelofibrosis, > 60 years old, or patients with comorbidity scores > 3 will go in Group 3 or 4. If patients with comorbidity score > 3, then the principal investigator is the final arbiter of eligibility for comorbidity score > 3. Busulfan is administered at the dose calculated to achieve a total (including first two doses delivered on day -20 and day -13) system exposure of 20,000 +/- 12% uMol-min based on the pharmacokinetic studies.

GROUP V and GROUP VI: Patients receive busulfan IV over 3 hours on days -20, -13, and -6 to -3, a lower dose of thiotepa IV over 4 hours on day -7, fludarabine phosphate IV over 1 hour on days -6 to -3. Patients undergo stem cell transplantation IV on day 0. Patients then receive cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours on days 3 and 4. Beginning on day 5, patients receive tacrolimus IV continuously or PO BID for up to 3 months and mycophenolate mofetil PO TID.

Trial Phase & Type

Trial Phase

Phase II

Trial Type

Treatment

Lead Organization

Lead Organization
M D Anderson Cancer Center

Principal Investigator
Uday R. Popat

Trial IDs

Primary ID 2016-0137
Secondary IDs NCI-2017-00614
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT02861417