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Fluorothymidine F-18 PET in Diagnosing Patients with Intermediate or High Grade Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Trial Status: Withdrawn

This pilot early phase I trial studies how well fluorothymidine F-18 positron emission tomography (PET) works in diagnosing patients with intermediate or high grade soft tissue sarcoma. Fluorothymidine F-18 PET may provide useful information about the tumor's response to treatment and may give the doctors early results that would better help to plan the post-surgical therapy.

Inclusion Criteria

  • Participants must have histological evidence of an intermediate or high grade soft tissue sarcoma (STS) of any stage
  • Participants must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension as >= 1 cm with CT scan or MRI
  • Prior resection is allowed if there is measurable gross disease and the subject plans to have neoadjuvant radiotherapy followed by resection
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 4, Karnofsky performance status >= 40%
  • Creatinine =< 3 x upper limit of normal (ULM)
  • Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) =< 3 x ULN
  • Participants should be willing and able to have both PET-CT scans
  • Participants should be eligible for and plan to undergo neoadjuvant radiation therapy and should be seen by a radiation oncologist prior to beginning the study; radiation at an outside facility will be allowed
  • Participants should be eligible for and plan to have resection with a surgeon specializing in STS at Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) and should be seen by said surgeon prior to beginning the study
  • Participants should have a life expectancy that is greater than the study duration
  • Participants should be willing to use adequate contraception from the time of the first PET-CT scan to 6 months after radiotherapy finishes; should a woman become pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Women with childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test before each PET-CT scan
  • Participants should have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Participants must sign a study specific consent form prior to registration

Exclusion Criteria

  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection or significant inflammation at treatment site or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or whose lab values do not meet the criteria above are excluded
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because radiation is a known teratogen
  • Breast feeding women are excluded from this study because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to administration of 18F-FLT to the mother
  • Patients receiving chemotherapy during the course of radiation are excluded
  • Patients whose weights exceed the tolerance of the table are excluded; the weight limit at OHSU is 450 pounds (lbs)


OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
Contact: Arthur Y. Hung
Phone: 503-494-0335


I. To determine fluorothymidine F-18 (18F-FLT) uptake parameters before and after radiotherapy.


I. To correlate 18F-FLT uptake post-radiotherapy scan with pathologic response.

II. To correlate levels the mitotic index in surgical specimens with the 18F-FLT uptake in post-radiation scans.

III. To correlate 18F-FLT uptake both pre- and post-radiotherapy with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enhancement both within and around the tumor.


I. To compare 18F-FLT uptake and fludeoxyglucose F-18 (FDG) uptake when FDG-PET-computed tomography (CT) is available, pre-radiation, post-radiation, or both.

II. To compare 18F-FLT uptake in post-radiation scans with local recurrences looking for spatial correlation.


Patients receive fluorothymidine F-18 intravenously (IV) over 1 minute and undergo PET scan over 60 minutes 21 or less days prior to standard of care radiation therapy and 14 or less days prior to the standard of care surgery.

After completion of study, patients are followed up for 3 years.

Trial Phase Phase O

Trial Type Diagnostic

Lead Organization
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute

Principal Investigator
Arthur Y. Hung

  • Primary ID STUDY00016373
  • Secondary IDs NCI-2017-00833, SOL-16169-LX
  • ID NCT03613259