FASN Inhibitor TVB-2640, Paclitaxel, and Trastuzumab in Treating Patients with HER2 Positive Advanced Breast Cancer
This phase II trial studies how well FASN inhibitor TVB-2640, paclitaxel, and trastuzumab work in treating patients with HER2 positive breast cancer that has spread to other places in the body. FASN inhibitor TVB-2640 may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as trastuzumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving FASN inhibitor TVB-2640, paclitaxel, and trastuzumab may work better in treating patients with HER2 positive breast cancer.
- PRE-REGISTRATION INCLUSION CRITERIA
- Measurable disease as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria that is: * A non-nodal lesion is considered measurable if its longest diameter can be accurately measured as >= 1.0 cm with computed tomography (CT) scan, CT component of a positron emission tomography (PET)/CT, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and/or * A malignant lymph node is considered measurable if its short axis is > 1.5 cm when assessed by CT scan (CT scan slice thickness recommended to be no greater than 5 mm) * Note: tumor lesions in a previously irradiated area are not considered measurable disease; disease that is measurable by physical examination only is not eligible
- Received =< four (4) prior chemotherapy regimens in the metastatic setting
- One of the following must be true: * Distant disease progression during administration of combination therapy with taxane based chemotherapy and anti-HER2 therapy (trastuzumab or pertuzumab) for metastatic disease; note: patients who began treatment with this combination and discontinued taxane-based chemotherapy due to intolerability before distant disease progression are eligible * Distant disease progression during administration or within 180 days of discontinuing combination therapy with taxane based chemotherapy and anti-HER2 therapy (trastuzumab or pertuzumab) in the adjuvant disease; note: patients who began treatment with this combination and discontinued taxane-based chemotherapy due to intolerability before distant disease progression are eligible * For patient who received taxane based chemotherapy and anti-HER2 therapy (trastuzumab or pertuzumab) in the neo-adjuvant setting and underwent surgical resection of primary breast disease: distant disease progression during or within 180 days of discontinuing anti-HER2 therapy (trastuzumab or pertuzumab) in the adjuvant setting
- Willingness to provide mandatory tumor tissue specimens for correlative research
- REGISTRATION INCLUSION CRITERIA
- Registration must be completed =< 28 days of pre-registration
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0 or 1
- Histological confirmation of HER2-positive advanced breast cancer; HER2+ is defined by 2013 American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists (ASCO/CAP) guidelines
- Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
- Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
- Direct bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
- Aspartate transaminase (AST) =< 3 x ULN (=< 5 x ULN for patients with liver involvement) (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
- Calculated creatinine clearance >= 45 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
- Cardiac ejection fraction (left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF]) >= 50% by echocardiogram =< 28 days prior to registration
- Provide written informed consent
- Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)
- Negative urine pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for women of childbearing potential only * NOTE: If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
- Patient and his/her partner agree to use adequate contraception after providing written informed consent through 3 months after the last dose of TVB-2640, as follows: * For women: Compliant with a medically-approved contraceptive regimen during and for 3 months after the treatment period or documented to be surgically sterile or postmenopausal * For men: Compliant with a medically-approved contraceptive regimen during and for 3 months after the treatment period or documented to be surgically sterile; men whose sexual partners are of child-bearing potential must agree to use 2 methods of contraception prior to study entry, during the study, and for 3 months after the treatment period
- Willingness to provide mandatory tumor tissue and/or blood specimens for correlative research
- PRE-REGISTRATION EXCLUSION CRITERIA
- Patients who previously discontinued trastuzumab due to unacceptable cardiac toxicity
- Patients with a history of LVEF decline to below 50% during or after prior trastuzumab or other HER2 directed therapy
- Patients with any class of New York Heart Association (NYHA) congestive heart failure (CHF) or heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF)
- Patients with a history of known coronary artery disease or a myocardial infarction within 12 months prior to pre-registration
- Patients with persistently uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure [BP] > 160 mm Hg or diastolic BP > 100 mm Hg) despite optimal medical therapy
- Patients with known unstable angina pectoris
- Patients with a known history of serious cardiac arrhythmias requiring treatment (exception: controlled atrial fibrillation, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia)
- Patients with a prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc) interval (>= 450 ms)
- Leptomeningeal disease or uncontrolled brain metastasis * NOTE: Metastases treated by surgery and/or radiotherapy such that patient is neurologically stable and off steroids >= 12 weeks prior to preregistration are eligible
- Failure to recover from acute, reversible effects of prior therapy regardless of interval since last treatment * EXCEPTION: Grade 1 peripheral (sensory) neuropathy that has been stable for at least 3 months since completion of prior treatment
- Tumors involving spinal cord or heart
- Visceral crisis or lymphangitic spread * NOTE: Visceral crisis is not the mere presence of visceral metastases, but implies severe organ dysfunction as assessed by symptoms and signs, laboratory studies, and rapid progression of disease
- Uncontrolled intercurrent non-cardiac illness including, but not limited to, * Ongoing or active infection * Psychiatric illness/social situations * Dyspnea at rest due to complications of advanced malignancy or other disease that requires continuous oxygen therapy * Or any other conditions that would limit compliance with study requirements
- Immunocompromised patients and patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and currently receiving antiretroviral therapy * NOTE: Patients known to be HIV positive, but without clinical evidence of an immunocompromised state, are eligible for this trial
- Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
- History of myocardial infarction =< 6 months, or congestive heart failure requiring use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias
- Prior history of hypersensitivity, drug or radiation-induced, or other immune-mediated pneumonitis
- Patient is unable to swallow oral medications or has impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter drug absorption (e.g. active inflammatory bowel disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or malabsorption syndrome); note: concomitant therapy with proton pump inhibitors and/or H2-receptor antagonists is permissible
- Patient has a history of clinically significant dry eye (xerophthalmia) or other corneal abnormality, or if a contact lens wearer, does not agree to abstain from contact lens use from baseline through the last TVB-2640 dose
- Patients with a history of intolerance to trastuzumab (i.e. a grade 3 or 4 infusion reaction) are excluded; Note: patients with a history of mild infusion reaction to trastuzumab who have previously been successfully re-challenged after an infusion reaction with or without prophylactic medication are allowed
- Other active malignancy =< 5 years prior to pre-registration * EXCEPTIONS: Non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix which has been adequately treated * NOTE: If there is a history of prior malignancy, patients must not be receiving other treatment for their cancer and the disease must be inactive/stable
- REGISTRATION EXCLUSION CRITERIA
- Any of the following: * Pregnant women * Nursing women * Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
- Any of the following therapies prior to registration: * Chemotherapy =< 3 weeks * Immunotherapy =< 3 weeks * Biologic therapy =< 3 weeks * Hormonal therapy =< 2 weeks * Monoclonal antibodies =< 3 weeks * Radiation therapy =< 2 weeks * CDK 4/6 inhibitors =< 4 weeks * mTOR inhibitors =< 4 weeks
Locations & Contacts
Contact: Donald Wallace Northfelt
Contact: Alvaro Moreno-Aspitia
Contact: Tufia Christine Haddad
Trial Objectives and Outline
I. To estimate the overall tumor response rate (ORR i.e. complete response [CR]+partial response [PR]) of the combination of FASN inhibitor TVB-2640 (TVB-2640) with paclitaxel and trastuzumab in patients with taxane and trastuzumab-resistant, advanced HER2-positive breast cancer who have had prior exposure to trastuzumab emtansine (T-DMI) in the metastatic breast cancer setting.
II. To estimate the ORR of the combination of TVB-2640 with paclitaxel and trastuzumab in patients with taxane and trastuzumab-resistant, advanced HER2-positive breast cancer who have not had prior exposure to T-DMI in the metastatic breast cancer setting.
I. For each patient cohort, to evaluate the safety profile of the combination of TVB-2640 with paclitaxel and trastuzumab.
II. For each patient cohort, to assess the clinical benefit rate (CBR), duration of response, and progression free survival of the combination of TVB-2640 with paclitaxel and trastuzumab.
III. To obtain a point and interval estimate of the difference in RR as well as the difference in CBR between cohort 1 and cohort 2.
I. For each patient cohort, to assess the changes in FASN, phosphorylation (p)AKT, and pS6 expression in tumor tissue after the first cycle of the combination of TVB-2640 with paclitaxel and trastuzumab from pre-treatment levels.
II. For each patient cohort, to assess the changes in levels of cellular apoptosis in tumor tissue after the first cycle of the combination of TVB-2640 with paclitaxel and trastuzumab from pre-treatment levels.
III. For each patient cohort, to assess the changes in serum FASN after the first cycle of the combination of TVB-2640 with paclitaxel and trastuzumab from pre-treatment levels.
Patients receive FASN inhibitor TVB-2640 orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28, paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 1-96 hours on days 1, 8, and 15, and trastuzumab IV over 30-90 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for up to 3 years.
Trial Phase & Type
Tufia Christine Haddad
Secondary IDs NCI-2017-00944
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03179904