Venetoclax and Cytarabine with or without Idarubicin Hydrochloride in Treating Pediatric Patients with Refractory or Relapsed Acute Myeloid Leukemia
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of venetoclax and cytarabine when given with or without idarubicin hydrochloride in treating pediatric patients with acute myeloid leukemia that does not respond to treatment or has returned after a period of improvement. Venetoclax may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cytarabine and idarubicin hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving venetoclax, cytarabine, and idarubicin hydrochloride may work better in treating pediatric patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
- Participants must have a diagnosis of AML or acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage (acute undifferentiated leukemia or mixed phenotype acute leukemia) and meet the criteria below: * Refractory leukemia, defined as persistent leukemia after at least two courses of induction chemotherapy, OR * Early relapsed leukemia, defined as the re-appearance of leukemia after the achievement of remission and within one year of diagnosis, OR * Relapsed leukemia that is refractory to at least one course of salvage therapy (i.e., therapy given after the relapse has occurred), OR * Second or greater relapse * Patients with late relapses, defined as the re-appearance of leukemia after the achievement of remission and greater than one year from diagnosis, may be enrolled in the dose expansion portion of the study only * Patients in all categories above must have >= 5% blasts in the bone marrow as assessed by morphology or >= 1% blasts in the bone marrow as assessed by flow cytometry; however, if an adequate bone marrow sample cannot be obtained, patients may be enrolled if there is unequivocal evidence of leukemia with >= 5% blasts in the peripheral blood; in addition, patients in all categories must not be eligible to undergo curative therapy, such as immediate stem cell transplantation (SCT)
- Direct bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 4 x ULN
- Normal creatinine for age or a calculated creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2
- Left ventricular ejection fraction >= 40% or shortening fraction >= 25%
- St. Jude patients must be between 2 years and =< 21 years of age, on therapy (active patient), or within 3 years of completion of therapy; patients treated at collaborating sites must be =< 24 years old
- Performance status: Lansky >= 50 for patients who are =< 16 years old and Karnofsky >= 50% for patients who are > 16 years old
- Patients must have fully recovered from the acute effects of all prior therapy and cannot have evidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)
- Must not be pregnant or breastfeeding; male or female of reproductive potential must agree to use effective contraception for the duration of study participation
- Patients with Down syndrome, acute promyelocytic leukemia, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, or bone marrow failure syndromes are not eligible
- Uncontrolled infection; infections controlled on concurrent anti-microbial agents are acceptable, and anti-microbial prophylaxis per institutional guidelines are acceptable
- Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of venetoclax
Locations & Contacts
Contact: Jamie Nella Frediani
Contact: Norman James Lacayo
Contact: Thomas B. Alexander
Contact: Jeffrey E. Rubnitz
Trial Objectives and Outline
I. To determine a tolerable combination of venetoclax plus chemotherapy in pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage.
I. To estimate the overall response rate to the combination of venetoclax and chemotherapy in pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory AML or acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage.
I. To explore associations between biomarkers (leukemia cell genomics, BH3 profiling, BCL2 family protein expression, and changes in BCL2 family protein) and response.
II. To assess the quality of life of pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory AML or acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage undergoing treatment with venetoclax and chemotherapy, and to explore relationships between clinical factors and patient-reported quality of life outcomes.
III. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of venetoclax after the first dose and at steady-state.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of venetoclax and cytarabine. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 cohorts.
COHORT A: Patients receive cytarabine intrathecally (IT), methotrexate IT, or methotrexate IT, therapeutic hydrocortisone IT, and cytarabine IT (ITMHA) at least 24 hours before day 1. Patients without evidence of central nervous system (CNS) leukemia receive no further IT therapy. Patients with CNS disease receive weekly ITMHA, beginning on day 8, until the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) becomes free of leukemia. Patients also receive venetoclax orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28 and cytarabine intravenously (IV) every 12 hours (Q12H) on days 8-11 or 8-17 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
COHORT B: Patients receive IT therapy, venetoclax, and cytarabine as in Cohort A. Patients also receive idarubicin hydrochloride IV on day 8 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for at 30 days.
Trial Phase & Type
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Jeffrey E. Rubnitz
Secondary IDs NCI-2017-01129
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03194932