Liposomal Irinotecan, Fluorouracil, Leucovorin Calcium, and Rucaparib in Treating Patients with Metastatic Pancreatic, Colorectal, Gastroesophageal, or Biliary Cancer

Status: Active

Description

This phase I / II trial studies the side effects and best dose of liposomal irinotecan and rucaparib when given together with fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium and to see how well they work in treating patients with pancreatic, colorectal, gastroesophageal, or biliary cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as liposomal irinotecan, fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, and rucaparib, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Phase I only: Histologic confirmation of pancreatic, colorectal, gastroesophageal or biliary adenocarcinoma, as follows: * Patients with metastatic disease from pancreatic cancer who received no more than 2 lines of prior therapy in the metastatic setting * Patients with metastatic disease from colorectal cancer who received no more than 3 lines of prior therapy in the metastatic setting * Patients with metastatic disease from gastroesophageal cancer who received no more than 1 line of prior therapy in the metastatic setting * Patients with metastatic disease from biliary tract cancer who received no more than 1 line of prior therapy in the metastatic setting * NOTE: No prior exposure to irinotecan in the metastatic setting will be allowed except in the phase I dose escalation portion and in colon cancer patients only; in pancreas cancer, exposure to irinotecan is only allowed in the neoadjuvant setting and no progressive disease < 3 months from last dose of irinotecan
  • Phase Ib only: Patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas both unselected and selected for BRCA1 or BRCA2 or PALB2 mutation who have who received no more than 1 line of prior therapy in the metastatic setting * NOTE: Exposure to irinotecan is only allowed in the neoadjuvant setting and no progressive disease < 3 months from last dose of irinotecan
  • Phase II only: Patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas with genomic markers (signature) of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) or BRCA1 or BRCA2 or PALB2 mutation, or HRD (non-BRCA, non-PALB) who have not received any systemic therapy in the metastatic setting * NOTE: Exposure to irinotecan is only allowed in the neoadjuvant setting and no progressive disease < 3 months from last dose of irinotecan
  • Metastatic colorectal, pancreatic, gastroesophageal or biliary tract adenocarcinoma not amenable to curative resection
  • Measurable disease
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0 or 1
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
  • Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
  • Total bilirubin =< institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
  • Aspartate transaminase (AST) =< 3 x ULN, =< 5.0 x ULN for patients with metastatic disease to the liver (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
  • Aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3.0 x ULN, =< 5.0 x ULN for patients with metastatic disease to the liver (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
  • Creatinine =< 1.0 mg/dL or creatinine clearance >= 45 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
  • Negative serum or urine pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration and repeated prior to dosing on day 1 of each cycle, for individuals of childbearing potential only; NOTE: Individuals are considered to be of childbearing potential unless one of the following applies: * Is postmenopausal, defined as no menses for at least 12 months without an alternative medical cause; a high follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level consistently in the postmenopausal range (30 mIU/mL or higher) may be used to confirm a postmenopausal state in women not using hormonal contraception or hormonal replacement therapy; however, in the absence of 12 months of amenorrhea, a single FSH measurement is insufficient to confirm a postmenopausal state: or * Considered to be permanently sterile; permanent sterilization includes hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, and/or bilateral oophorectomy
  • Provide informed written consent
  • Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the Active Monitoring Phase of the study) * Note: During the active monitoring phase of a study (i.e., active treatment and observation), participants must be willing to return to the consenting institution for follow-up
  • Willing to provide tissue and blood samples for mandatory correlative research purposes
  • Individuals of reproductive potential and their partners willing to practice total abstinence or use a highly effective method of contraception (failure rate < 1% per year) during treatment and for 6 months following the last dose of rucaparib; the following are allowable only: * Ongoing use of progesterone-only injectable or implantable contraceptives (eg, Depo Provera, Implanon, Nexplanon) * Placement of an intrauterine device or intrauterine system * Bilateral tubal occlusion * Sterilization, with appropriate post-vasectomy documentation of absence of sperm in ejaculate * True, complete (as opposed to periodic) abstinence

Exclusion Criteria

  • Any of the following: * Pregnant individuals * Nursing individuals * Persons of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
  • Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
  • Immunocompromised patients and patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and currently receiving antiretroviral therapy
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
  • Previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from cancer of primary site =< 3 years prior to randomization EXCEPT for curatively treated cervical cancer in situ, melanoma in situ, non-melanoma skin cancer and superficial bladder tumors [Ta (non-invasive tumor), Tis (carcinoma in situ) and T1 (tumor invades lamina propria)]; Note: All cancer treatments for those distinct in a primary site other than cancer of origin must be completed >= 3 years prior to randomization
  • Received any prior poly ADP-ribose polymerase inhibitor (PARPi) treatment
  • Corrected QT interval (QTc) prolongation > 480 msec, as calculated by either the Bazett or Fridericia formula, as per institutional standard

Locations & Contacts

Arizona

Scottsdale
Mayo Clinic in Arizona
Status: Active
Contact: Laurie Ann Mihalik
Phone: 480-342-3256
Email: mihalik.laurie@mayo.edu

Georgia

Atlanta
Emory University Hospital / Winship Cancer Institute
Status: Active
Contact: Christina Sing-Ying Wu
Phone: 404-778-0202
Email: christina.wu@emoryhealthcare.org

Minnesota

Rochester
Mayo Clinic
Status: Active
Contact: Lori Lil Henrichs
Phone: 507-538-8059
Email: henrichs.lori@mayo.edu

Trial Objectives and Outline

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To establish the recommended dose level for the phase Ib and phase II trial of liposomal irinotecan (nal-IRI) and fluorouracil (5-FU) with rucaparib (MFR) in patients with metastatic disease from pancreatic cancer (up to 2 lines of prior therapy), colorectal cancer (up to 3 lines of prior therapy), gastroesophageal cancer (up to 1 line of prior therapy) and biliary tract cancer (with 1 line of prior therapy allowed). (Phase I)

II. To assess, in a preliminary fashion, antitumor efficacy, in terms of disease control rate and further tolerability, of the recommended dose level of combination of nal-IRI and 5-FU with rucaparib in patients with metastatic disease from pancreatic cancer both unselected and selected for BRCA 1/2 and PALB2 mutations (< 1 line of prior therapy in the metastatic setting). (Phase Ib)

III. To estimate the proportion of evaluable patients who reach complete response (CR)/partial response (PR) =< 32 weeks after registration among patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas with genomic markers (signature) of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD), specifically BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2 mutation, treated with the combination of nal-IRI and 5FU/leucovorin calcium (LV) with rucaparib (MFR). (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas with genomic markers (signature) of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD), specifically BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2 mutation, treated with the combination of nal-IRI and 5-FU/LV with rucaparib (MFR). (Phase II)

II. To assess the toxicity of the combination of nal-IRI and 5-FU/LV with rucaparib in patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas with genomic markers (signature) of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD), specifically BRCA1/2 and PALB2 mutations. (Phase II)

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the role of genomic markers (signature) of HRD, mutation other than BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2 as predictive biomarkers of response to MFR.

II. To evaluate BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2 mutations as predictive biomarker of response to MFR.

OUTLINE: This is phase I, dose-escalation study of liposomal irinotecan and rucaparib and followed by a phase II study.

Patients receive liposomal irinotecan intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes, leucovorin calcium IV, and fluorouracil IV over 46 hours on days 1 and 15. Patients also receive rucaparib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 4-13 and 18-27. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unaccepted toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 3 years.

Trial Phase & Type

Trial Phase

Phase I/II

Trial Type

Treatment

Lead Organization

Lead Organization
Academic and Community Cancer Research United

Principal Investigator
Tanios Sam Bekaii-Saab

Trial IDs

Primary ID ACCRU-GI-1603
Secondary IDs NCI-2017-01976
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03337087