Neratinib and Everolimus, Palbociclib, or Trametinib in Treating Participants with Refractory and Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors with EGFR Mutation / Amplification, HER2 Mutation / Amplification, or HER3 / 4 Mutation or KRAS Mutation
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of neratinib in combination with everolimus, palbociclib, or trametinib in participants with solid tumors with EGFR mutation / amplification, HER2 mutation / amplification, HER3 / 4 mutation, or KRAS mutation that do not respond to treatment (refractory) and have spread to other parts of the body (advanced or metastatic). Neratinib, palbociclib, and trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as everolimus, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving neratinib with everolimus, palbociclib, or trametinib may work better than neratinib alone in treating participants with solid tumors.
- Subjects with advanced or metastatic solid tumors that are refractory to standard therapies known to provide clinical benefit. Subjects with hematologic malignancy including lymphoma/myeloma will not be enrolled on this study.
- Subjects must have one of the following: a. somatic mutations in human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, HER2, HER3, and HER4); b. EGFR gene amplification (patients with 3+ results on immunohistochemistry testing for EGFR may be allowed to enroll if gene amplification results are unavailable); c. HER2 gene amplification (patients with 3+ results on immunohistochemistry testing for HER-2 may be allowed to enroll if gene amplification results are unavailable); d. somatic mutation in KRAS (patients will be enrolled only on neratinib and trametinib combination arm).
- Subjects must have measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v) 1.1.
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0-1.
- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500/mL.
- Platelets >= 100,000/mL.
- Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL.
- Creatinine =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN).
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN.
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST/serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT/serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X ULN (=< 5 X ULN in subjects with liver metastases).
- Subjects must be >= 4 weeks beyond treatment with any chemotherapy or other investigational therapy to include hormonal, biological, or targeted agents; or at least 5 half-lives from hormonal, biological, or targeted agents, whichever is shorter at the time of treatment initiation.
- Women of child-bearing potential MUST have a negative serum or urine human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) test unless prior hysterectomy or menopause (defined as 12 consecutive months of amenorrhea). Subjects should not become pregnant or breastfeed while on this study. Sexually active subjects must agree to use contraception for the duration of study participation and for 4 months after the last dose of neratinib and everolimus, palbociclib or trametinib.
- Ability to understand and willingness to sign informed consent form prior to initiation of the study and any study procedures.
- Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 1 - Neratinib and everolimus: fasting lipid profile: cholesterol less than or equal to 350 mg/dL and triglycerides less than or equal to 400 mg/dL.
- Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 1 - Neratinib and everolimus: patients who are taking medications with moderate or potent inhibitors or inducers of CYP450 3A4 should be off for 5 half-lives prior to starting everolimus.
- Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 2 - Neratinib and palbociclib: any prior neuropathy should be back to baseline or grade 1.
- Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 2 - Neratinib and palbociclib: patients who are taking medications with moderate or potent inhibitors or inducers of CYP450 3A4 should be off for 5 half-lives prior to starting palbociclib.
- Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 3 - Neratinib and trametinib: all skin rash (dermatitis acneiform, erythema, xeroderma, eczema) should be at grade 1 when starting trametinib treatment.
- Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 3 - Neratinib and trametinib: history of retinal disorder, dry eye syndrome, or blurry vision need to be evaluated by ophthalmology prior to starting treatment.
- Subjects who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
- Known hepatitis B, hepatitis C or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
- Inability or unwillingness to swallow pills.
- Active infection requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics or other uncontrolled intercurrent illness requiring hospitalization.
- Clinically significant gastrointestinal (GI) abnormalities that may alter absorption such as malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach or bowels. For example, subjects should have no more than 50% of the large intestine removed and no sign of malabsorption (e.g. gastrectomy, ileal bypass, chronic diarrhea, Crohn’s disease, malabsorption, gastroparesis).
- Inability to comply with the study and follow-up procedures.
- History of cerebrovascular accident (CVA), myocardial infarction or unstable angina within the previous 6 months before starting therapy.
- Prolongation of QT/ corrected QT (QTc) interval (QTc interval > 450 ms for males or > 470 ms for females) using the Fridericia method of QTc analysis.
- Has known primary brain tumor, active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are clinically stable with no neurological symptoms, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment. This exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless or clinical stability.
- Uncontrolled concurrent disease or illness including but not limited to: symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III or IV) per the NYHA classification, unstable angina pectoris, clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia; unstable or untreated cardiac conditions or ejection fraction of < 50% as determined by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multiple gated acquisition scan (MUGA); diabetes mellitus (i.e. fasting blood glucose > 220 despite acceptable chronic diabetes therapy); psychiatric illness that would limit compliance with study requirements, as determined by the investigator.
- Participating in any other clinical trials using an investigational product.
- Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 1 - Neratinib and everolimus: history of hypersensitivity to everolimus.
- Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 1 - Neratinib and everolimus: subjects requiring therapy with immunosuppressive agents such as anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) agents (etanercept, adalimumab), azathioprine, methotrexate, cyclosporine, etc. for active autoimmune disorder.
- Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 1 - Neratinib and everolimus: Major surgery =< 28 days prior to treatment with everolimus.
- Only for subjects enrolled in Arm 3 - Neratinib and trametinib: albumin less than 3 Gm/dL.
Locations & Contacts
Contact: Sarina A. Piha-Paul
Trial Objectives and Outline
I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of neratinib when combined with one of the following agents:
Ia. Arm 1: Everolimus (mTOR inhibitor)
Ib. Arm 2: Palbociclib (CDK 4/6 inhibitor)
Ic. Arm 3: Trametinib (MEK inhibitor).
II. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) of neratinib combination therapy.
I. To determine preliminary anti-tumor efficacy of neratinib combination therapy.
II. To determine pharmacodynamic markers in tissue, blood and plasma that may predict outcome.
III. To explore the potential of drug-drug interactions by evaluating the pharmacokinetic profile of each agent when administered in these combinations: neratinib+everolimus, neratinib+palbocclib, and neratinib+trametinib and blood-based biomarkers.
I. To determine baseline molecular markers (deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA], ribonucleic acid [RNA] and protein) that may predict clinical benefit.
II. To determine concordance of human epidermal growth factor receptor mutation (EGFR, HER2, HER3, and HER4) or EGFR, HER2 amplification in archival tissue and pre-treatment biopsies. Impact of these correlatives on response will be explored.
III. To determine concordance of human epidermal growth factor receptor mutation (EGFR, HER2, HER3, and HER4) or EGFR, HER2 amplification in tumor and cell-free DNA (cfDNA). Impact of these correlatives on response will be explored.
IV. To utilize cfDNA from plasma specimens collected during the course of treatment to explore mechanisms of primary and acquired resistance to neratinib combination therapy.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study. Participants are assigned to 1 of 3 arms.
ARM I: Participants receive neratinib orally (PO) daily and everolimus PO daily. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II: Participants receive neratinib PO daily and palbociclib PO daily for 3 weeks followed by 1 week off. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM III: Participants receive neratinib PO daily and trametinib PO daily as directed. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, participants are followed up at 30 days.
Trial Phase & Type
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Sarina A. Piha-Paul
Secondary IDs NCI-2018-01218
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03065387