Gemcitabine Hydrochloride and Cisplatin with or without Nab-Paclitaxel in Treating Patients with Newly Diagnosed Advanced Biliary Tract Cancers
- Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, or gallbladder cancer * NOTE: Pathology report must be uploaded in Rave. Histology report must be consistent with an adenocarcinoma with pancreaticobiliary primary assuming there are no pancreatic lesions and other primaries are ruled out per local standard
- Patients must have documented metastatic or locally advanced unresectable disease on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging CT scans or MRIs used to assess measurable disease. Must have been completed within 28 days prior to registration. CT scans or MRIs used to assess non-measurable disease must have been completed within 42 days prior to registration. All disease must be assessed and documented on the Baseline Tumor Assessment Form
- Patient must not have a current diagnosis of ampullary cancer
- Patients must not have received prior systemic therapy for the current metastatic or locally advanced biliary cancer
- Patient must not have received adjuvant therapy within 6 months prior to registration
- Patients must have a complete medical history and physical exam within 28 days prior to registration
- Patients must have a Zubrod performance status of 0 or 1
- Patients must not have a history of peripheral neuropathy of grade 2 or greater by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) 5.0. In CTCAE version 5.0 grade 2 sensory neuropathy is defined as “moderate symptoms; limiting instrumental activities of daily living (ADLs)”
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL (obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
- Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
- Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
- Serum albumin >= 2.8 g/dL (obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN) (except patients with Gilbert’s syndrome, who must have a direct bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL) (obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
- Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) and serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 8 x IULN (obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
- Serum creatinine =< IULN OR calculated creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min (obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
- Patients must have CA19-9 obtained within 42 days prior to registration
- Patients must have sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, chloride, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), calcium, total protein, magnesium, and alkaline phosphatase obtained within 28 days prior to registration
- Patients must not have an active infection requiring systemic therapy
- No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for two years
- Patients must not be pregnant or nursing. Women/men of reproductive potential must have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method. A woman is considered to be of "reproductive potential" if she has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months. In addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes heterosexual celibacy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) defined as a hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral tubal ligation. However, if at any point a previously celibate patient chooses to become heterosexually active during the time period for use of contraceptive measures outlined in the protocol, he/she is responsible for beginning contraceptive measures
- Patients must be offered the opportunity to participate in specimen banking. If patient consents to participation, specimens must be collected and submitted via the Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) Specimen Tracking System
- Patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines
- As a part of the Oncology Patient Enrollment Network (OPEN) registration process the treating institution's identity is provided in order to ensure that the current (within 365 days) date of institutional review board approval for this study has been entered in the system
District of Columbia
West Des Moines
Saint Louis Park
Thief River Falls
Fond Du Lac
I. To compare overall survival (OS) in patients with untreated, advanced biliary cancers treated with gemcitabine hydrochloride (gemcitabine) and cisplatin (GC) versus those treated with gemcitabine, cisplatin, and nab-paclitaxel (GCN).
I. To compare progression-free survival (PFS) in patients treated with GC versus GCN.
II. To compare overall response rate (ORR), complete and partial, confirmed and unconfirmed, in the subset of patients with measurable disease treated with GC versus GCN.
III. To compare disease control rate (confirmed and unconfirmed; complete response + partial response + stable disease) (DCR) in patients treated with GC versus GCN.
IV. To evaluate the frequency and severity of toxicity associated with GC and GCN in the patient population.
V. To explore the correlation between change in cancer antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) levels from baseline to post-treatment (after 3 cycles) and overall response rate, in each treatment arm separately and in the total cohort.
I. To bank tissue and blood for future translational medicine studies.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM I: Patients receive nab-paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes, gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes, and cisplatin IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 8. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II: Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes and cisplatin IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 8. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 2 years and then at the end of year 3.
Trial Phase Phase III
Trial Type Treatment
Rachna Trivedi Shroff
- Primary ID S1815
- Secondary IDs NCI-2018-01920
- Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03768414