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Testing the Safety of the Study Drug Pamiparib (BGB-290) When Given with Different Doses of the Usual Chemotherapy (Temozolomide) for Patients with Recurrent Glioma Having the IDH1 / 2 Genetic Change

Trial Status: Active

This phase I / II trial studies the side effects and how well pamiparib and temozolomide work in treating patients with gliomas (brain tumors) with IDH1 / 2 mutations that have come back (recurrent). Pamiparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pamiparib and temozolomide may work better in treating patients with recurrent gliomas compared to temozolomide alone.

Inclusion Criteria

  • PHASE I: Patients must have one of the following: (a) Histologically confirmed WHO grade II-III glioma that is progressive or recurrent following at least one prior chemotherapy plus or minus radiation therapy regimen or (b) Grade IV disease in their recurrent resection or biopsy specimen or (c) Grade IV glioma at initial diagnosis, with recurrent disease. Phase I patients may have failed an unlimited number of prior systemic regimens
  • PHASE II: Patients must have histologically confirmed WHO grade II-IV glioma that is progressive or recurrent following therapy: * Phase 1, phase II & surgical portion: Recurrence in non-enhancing tumors will be defined as 25% or more increase in bi-dimensional product of FLAIR signal abnormality (measurable disease) per the low-grade glioma (LGG) RANO criteria. Contrast-enhancing tumors with measurable enhancing targets will be defined as recurrent based on standard RANO criteria. * Patients with recurrent glioma < 12 weeks after completion of radiotherapy must have new enhancement outside of the radiation therapy (RT) field (beyond the high-dose region or 80% isodose line), or evidence of viable tumor on histopathologic sampling. ** Arm A patients must have WHO grade II-III glioma and have failed TMZ and another alkylator (e.g., carmustine, lomustine, procarbazine). Patients in Arm A may have failed an unlimited number of prior systemic regimens. Prior radiotherapy (RT) is not required for eligibility. ** Arm B patients must have WHO grade II-III glioma and have experienced tumor progression after TMZ or another alkylator (maximum one prior chemotherapy regimen), and have gone >= 12 months since last treatment (chemotherapy or RT). Prior RT is allowed but not mandated. ** GBM arm patients must have WHO grade IV glioblastoma following radiotherapy (45-60 Gy in 1.8-2.0 Gy fractions) plus chemotherapy and may have failed an unlimited number of prior systemic regimens
  • Surgical portion patients must have histologically confirmed WHO grade II-IV glioma that is progressive or recurrent following therapy and must be undergoing repeat surgery that is clinically indicated as determined by their care providers. Surgical portion patients may have had an unlimited number of prior therapy regimens.
  • PHASE I AND PHASE II: Patients must have available at least 3 prior full sets of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans (not including screening), each separated by at least 2 months. Sites must agree to provide MRI Imaging form within four weeks after treatment start.
  • Patients must have IDH1/2-mutant glioma. IDH1/2-mutation status can be confirmed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) or direct deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing, provided that it is performed in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments/College of American Pathologists (CLIA/CAP)-certified laboratory. IDH1/2 mutations must be associated with neomorphic activity of the encoded proteins (i.e. IDH1 R132, IDH2 R172, IDH2 R140, IDH1 R100, IDH1 G97, IDH1 Y139).
  • Patients must have archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) specimens and mutations will be verified centrally, although this will not preclude patients with appropriate documentation of IDH1/2-mutant status from trial enrollment. Patients must have a tumor tissue form indicating availability of archived tissue from a previous surgery, completed and signed by a pathologist; sites must agree to provide this form within 14 days after treatment start.
  • Patients must have measurable (defined by at least 1 cm x 1 cm) contrast-enhancing disease or measurable abnormal T2/FLAIR hyperintensity indicative of tumor by MRI imaging within 21 days of starting treatment.
  • Patients must have documented molecular 1p/19q and MGMT testing. If either of these studies has not been performed previously, they can be done prior to enrollment.
  • Patients must be able to undergo MRI of the brain with gadolinium. Patients must be maintained on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid regimen (no increase for 5 days) prior to this baseline MRI.
  • Patients must have recovered from ( < Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] grade 2 or baseline) from severe toxicity of prior therapy. The following intervals from previous treatments are required to be eligible: * 12 weeks from the completion of radiation * 6 weeks from a nitrosourea chemotherapy * 3 weeks from a non-nitrosourea chemotherapy * 4 weeks from any investigational (not Food and Drug Administration [FDA]-approved) agents * 2 weeks from administration of a non-cytotoxic, FDA-approved agent (e.g., erlotinib, hydroxychloroquine, etc.).
  • Patients must have a Karnofsky performance (KPS) status >= 60% (i.e. the patient must be able to care for himself/herself with occasional help from others).
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/ uL.
  • Platelets >= 100,000/ uL.
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL.
  • Total bilirubin =< institutional upper limit of normal.
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 4 x institutional upper limit of normal.
  • Creatinine =< institutional upper limit of normal OR creatinine clearance >= 60 ml/min/1.73m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal.
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) or PTT =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal.
  • Patients must be able to provide written informed consent.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of randomization. Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use highly effective contraception prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for at least 6 months after the last dose of study drug. Patients should consult their physician regarding what contraceptive method should be used. It should be noted, however, that barrier contraception (including male and female condoms with or without spermicide) is not considered a highly effective method of birth control or pregnancy prevention and if used must be combined with a highly effective contraceptive method. Women of childbearing potential must also agree to monthly pregnancy tests through 6 months after completion of pamiparib (BGB-290) or temozolomide administration. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study or within 6 months after completing the study treatment, she should inform her treating physician immediately. The study doctor will monitor the pregnancy at least up to completion and at most up to 8 weeks following the delivery date. In addition, women who become pregnant while participating in the study must immediately stop taking study treatment. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use condoms in addition to 1 of the highly effective methods of contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and through 6 months after completion of pamiparib (BGB-290) or temozolomide administration. If a female partner of a male patient is already pregnant, the male patient must use condoms during sexual intercourse for the duration of the study and for at least 6 months after the last dose of pamiparib (BGB-290). Women and men should not donate and/or freeze egg/sperm while participating in the study and for at least 6 months after completing study treatment. If a woman or man is in an exclusive same-sex relationship and is not engaged in attempts to become pregnant or father a child, it is not necessary to use a highly effective contraceptive method.
  • Patients must have no concurrent malignancy except curatively treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix, breast, or bladder. Patients with prior malignancies must be disease-free for >= 5 years.
  • Patients must be able to swallow tablets and capsules.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Patients receiving any other investigational agents are ineligible.
  • Patients previously treated with a small molecule inhibitor of mutant IDH1/2 proteins are ineligible.
  • Patients with a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to pamiparib (BGB-290) are ineligible.
  • Patients who have received bevacizumab within the last 6 months are ineligible.
  • Patients with a known hypersensitivity to TMZ are ineligible.
  • Patients who have received a PARP inhibitor previously are excluded.
  • Patients on enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drugs (EIAED) are not eligible for treatment on this protocol. Patients may be on non-enzyme inducing anti-epileptic drugs or not be taking any anti-epileptic drugs. Patients previously treated with EIAEDs may be enrolled if they have been off the EIAED for 10 days or more prior to the first dose of pamiparib (BGB-290).
  • Patients who have not recovered to < Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 2 toxicities apart from alopecia related to prior therapy are ineligible.
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, clinically significant cardiac disease, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements, are ineligible.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because the effects of pamiparib (BGB-290) on a fetus are unknown. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with pamiparib (BGB-290), breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with pamiparib (BGB-290).
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial.

Alabama

Birmingham
University of Alabama at Birmingham Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 205-934-0220

California

Los Angeles
UCLA / Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 888-798-0719

Connecticut

New Haven
Yale University
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 203-785-5702

Maryland

Baltimore
Johns Hopkins University / Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 410-955-8804

Massachusetts

Boston
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 617-724-5200
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 877-442-3324

Michigan

Detroit
Henry Ford Hospital
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 313-916-3721

Missouri

Saint Louis
Washington University School of Medicine
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 800-600-3606

North Carolina

Winston-Salem
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 336-713-6771

Ohio

Cleveland
Case Western Reserve University
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 800-641-2422
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 866-223-8100

Pennsylvania

Philadelphia
University of Pennsylvania / Abramson Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 800-474-9892
Pittsburgh
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI)
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 412-647-8073

Virginia

Charlottesville
University of Virginia Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 434-243-6303

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the safety and tolerability of the combination of pamiparib (BGB-290) and temozolomide (TMZ) in patients with recurrent IDH1/2 mutant glioma, including the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and characterization of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) in the Phase I portion. (Phase I)

II. Determine the overall response rate of pamiparib (BGB-290) with TMZ in patients with recurrent IDH1/2-mutant gliomas that have progressed on TMZ and another alkylator (Arm A) in the Phase II portion. (Phase II)

III. Determine the overall response rate of BGB-290 with TMZ in patients with recurrent IDH1/2-mutant glioma that have failed one alkylator with >= 12 months since last treatment (Arm B) in the Phase II portion. (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) after treatment with pamiparib (BGB-290) and TMZ in recurrent IDH1/2-mutant gliomas in Arms A and B.

II. Determine the duration of response to therapy in recurrent IDH1/2-mutant glioma.

III. Confirm the safety and tolerability of pamiparib (BGB-290) in combination with TMZ.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. Assess tumor response rates, PFS, and OS in patients with World Health Organization (WHO) grade IV glioblastoma (GBM) treated with pamiparib (BGB-290) and TMZ.

II. Assess the mutational landscape via whole-exome sequencing (WES).

III. Assess gene expression patterns using ribonucleic acid (RNA) sequencing (RNAseq).

IV. Assess the methylation profiling with Infinium methylation assays.

V. Quantify 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG) in archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) specimens via liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) detection and correlate with treatment response.

VI. Correlate response with 2HG levels, somatic alterations, gene expression/methylation patterns in FFPE tumor tissue.

VII. Assess tumor tissue pamiparib (BGB-290) levels, 2HG, and PolyADP-ribosylation (PARylation) in a patient subset treated with drug prior to re-resection.

VIII. Evaluate changes in tumor growth rate in subjects with non-enhancing glioma based on fluid attenuated inverse recovery (FLAIR) tumor volume measurements of serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exams.

IX. Assess if change in tumor growth rate (based on FLAIR tumor volume) in subjects with non-enhancing glioma before and after treatment is associated with progression by Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology for Low Grade Gliomas (RANO LGG; phase II patients only) or survival.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose de-escalation study of temozolomide followed by a phase II study.

PHASE I: Patients receive pamiparib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28 and temozolomide PO once daily (QD) on days 1-28, 1-21, 1-14, or 1-7. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

SURGICAL PORTION: 10 patients eligible for re-resection at the time of recurrence receive pamiparib PO BID on days 1-6 and QD on day 7 (the morning of surgery). Within 45 days after surgery, patients receive pamiparib PO BID on days 1-28 and temozolomide on the schedule established in Phase I. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PHASE II: Patients receive pamiparib PO BID on days 1-28 and temozolomide PO QD on the schedule established in Phase I. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days, every 2 months for 2 years, then every 6 months thereafter.

Trial Phase Phase I/II

Trial Type Treatment

Lead Organization
Adult Brain Tumor Consortium

Principal Investigator
Ranjit S. Bindra

  • Primary ID ABTC-1801
  • Secondary IDs NCI-2018-02193
  • Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03914742