Safety / Efficacy of Q-122 in Breast Cancer Patients Taking Tamoxifen or Aromatase Inhibitor
- Be a female, aged between 18 - 70 years on the day of informed consent.
- Have a history of or current breast cancer and currently taking tamoxifen or an aromatase inhibitor.
- On a stable dose of TAM or an AI for a minimum of 30 days before the Screening Visit and no anticipated need to change the dose for the duration of the study.
- Experience an average of at least 50 moderate to severe hot flashes/week for the 2 weeks immediately preceding the Run-In Visit (i.e., during the Screening period).
- If on thyroid medication, on a stable dose for a minimum of 30 days before the Screening Visit and no anticipated need to change the dose for the duration of the study.
- Willing and able to complete the daily participant diary, attend all study visits, and participate in all study procedures.
- Able to provide informed consent.
- Childbearing potential, pregnancy, or lactation except in patients who are on stable dose of AI in combination with luteinizing hormone releasing hormone agonists such as Zoladex, Leuprolide (Lupron) or equivalent. Non-childbearing potential is defined as physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant by one of the following:
- Has had a partial or complete hysterectomy or
- Has had a bilateral oophorectomy or
- Has had a bilateral tubal ligation or fallopian tube inserts or
- Is post-menopausal (amenorrhea > 1 year) confirmed by levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). FSH levels may be lower in menopausal women treated with tamoxifen when compared with FSH levels appropriate for confirming menopause in women not treated with tamoxifen. For those patients who are on stable dose of tamoxifen, confirmation of menopause is based on the clinical opinion of the PI and medical monitor on a 'case-by-case basis'.
- Currently experiencing undiagnosed vaginal bleeding.
- Women with advanced breast cancer (Stage 4).
- Greater than 60% reduction in the frequency of moderate to severe hot flashes during the 1-week single blind Run-In period or inability to correctly record hot flashes and/or drug dosing in the participant diary.
- Participation in another clinical or surgical trial within 30 days prior to screening or during the study without the prior written consent of the Medical Monitor.
- Gastrointestinal, liver, kidney or other conditions which could interfere with the absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion of Q-122 at PI discretion.
- Untreated overt hyperthyroidism.
- Have any other medical condition, clinically important systemic disease or significant co-morbidities or any finding during Screening that in the judgment of the investigator puts the participant at increased risk by participation in this study, or that may affect the reliability of participant diary entries.
- Known inability to complete all study visits and study assessments for scheduling or other reasons.
- BMI > 40 kg/m2; Participants with a BMI greater than 40 kg/m2 may be enrolled on a case-by-case basis if approved by the Medical Monitor and if the participant is not deemed at increased risk of adverse effects based on body habitus and cardiovascular health.
- Women with a history of, or current evidence of, abuse of alcohol or any drug substance, or who regularly drink more than 3 standard drinks per day.
- Uncontrolled systolic blood pressure ≥160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥95 mmHg on 3 consecutive readings within the screening visit.
- Abnormal laboratory findings:
- Hemoglobin < 9.5 g/dL (g/L); or any abnormal values that are deemed clinically significant by the investigator should be discussed with the medical monitor before being deemed ineligible.
- Fasting ALT, AST, GGT, or bilirubin greater than twice the upper limit of normal that is confirmed on a second sample.
- <60 eGFR mL/min/1.73 m2.
- In the opinion of the investigator, have substantial risk of disease progression within the 3 months following screening and/or who potentially may require further treatment for their breast cancer during the study period including follow-up.
- Any other reason which in the investigator's opinion makes the participant unsuitable for a clinical trial.
- On any medications, either prescription or over-the-counter that are being taken solely for the purpose of treating VMS including SSRI/SNRI, gabapentin or pregabalin.
Vasomotor symptoms (VMS) are significant in postmenopausal women with the most effective
medications for relief being hormonal preparations. Non-hormonal medications have
demonstrated efficacy but at a far lower level than estrogen replacement therapy. For women
with a history of breast cancer, hormone replacement therapy is often contraindicated and is
not an option for women receiving endocrine therapy including tamoxifen (TAM) and aromatase
inhibitors (AI). Breast cancer survivors, and women receiving endocrine therapy in
particular, have a high rate of problematic hot flashes. In an open label Phase 1 study of
the safety and activity of Q-122 in breast cancer patients taking TAM or an AI, 8 of 9 women
who received at least 1 dose of 100 mg and 10 of 11 women who received at least 1 dose of 200
mg had a reduction in hot flashes of 2 or more per day, the FDA criteria for anti-VMS
activity. This study will define the effect of Q-122 versus placebo in a population of women
with a history of or current breast cancer who have an average of 50 or more moderate to
severe hot flashes per week.
Trial Phase Phase II
Trial Type Treatment
- Primary ID Q122-2001
- Secondary IDs NCI-2019-01796
- Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03518138