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Regorafenib, with Cetuximab or Panitumumab, for the Treatment of Unresectable, Locally Advanced, or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Trial Status: Active

This phase II trial investigates how well regorafenib and anti-EGFR therapy (cetuximab or panitumumab) works for the treatment of patients with colorectal cancer that cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable), has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes (locally advanced), or has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Regorafenib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as cetuximab or panitumumab, may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as irinotecan, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. The purpose of this research study is to compare the effects, good and / or bad, of taking regorafenib follow by cetuximab or panitumumab, to those that receive cetuximab or panitumumab before regorafenib.

Inclusion Criteria

  • Histologically proven, unresectable distant metastatic or locally advanced colorectal adenocarcinoma
  • KRAS, NRAS wild type
  • BRAF v600E wildtype
  • Measurable disease
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1, or 2
  • Life expectancy of >= 3 months per estimation of treating physician
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1200/mm^3 (obtained =< 7 days prior to randomization)
  • Platelet count >= 75,000/mm^3 (obtained =< 7 days prior to randomization)
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL (obtained =< 7 days prior to randomization)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (obtained =< 7 days prior to randomization)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate amino-transferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN (=< 5 x ULN for subjects with liver involvement of their cancer) (obtained =< 7 days prior to randomization)
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN (obtained =< 7 days prior to randomization)
  • International normalized ratio (INR)/partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.5 x ULN (obtained =< 7 days prior to randomization) * NOTE: Patients who are therapeutically treated with an agent such as warfarin or heparin will be allowed to participate provided that no prior evidence of underlying abnormality in coagulation parameters exists. Close monitoring of at least weekly evaluations will be performed until INR/PTT is stable based on a measurement that is pre-dose as defined by the local standard of care
  • Alkaline phosphatase limit =< 2.5 x ULN (=< 5 x ULN for patients with liver involvement of their cancer) (obtained =< 7 days prior to randomization)
  • Negative serum pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to randomization for women of childbearing potential only. * NOTE: Post-menopausal women (defined as no menses for at least 1 year) and surgically sterilized women are not required to undergo a pregnancy test. The definition of adequate contraception will be based on the judgment of the treating physician
  • Provide informed written consent
  • Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)
  • Disease progression on or intolerable to any of the following: fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin and irinotecan
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication
  • Willing to provide tissue and blood samples for correlative research purposes
  • Willing to allow transfer of tissue and blood samples, clinical information, and outcome data collected from this trial for future research

Exclusion Criteria

  • Prior treatment with regorafenib, cetuximab or panitumumab
  • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury =< 28 days prior to randomization
  • Congestive heart failure > New York Heart Association (NYHA) class 2. * NOTE: Class 3 is defined as marked limitation in activity due to symptoms, even during less-than-ordinary activity, e.g., walking short distances (20-100 m). They are comfortable at rest. Class 4 is defined as patients with severe limitations. Experiences symptoms even while at rest. Mostly bed bound
  • Unstable angina (angina symptoms at rest), new-onset angina (begun =< 3 months prior to randomization) or myocardial infarction =< 6 months prior to randomization
  • Cardiac arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy. Note: Pace makers, beta blockers or digoxin are permitted
  • Uncontrolled hypertension. (Systolic blood pressure > 140 mmHg or diastolic pressure > 90 mmHg despite optimal medical management)
  • History of or current pheochromocytoma
  • Arterial or venous thrombotic or embolic events such as cerebrovascular accident (including transient ischemic attacks), deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism =< 6 months prior to randomization
  • Ongoing infection > grade 2 National Cancer Institute (NCI)-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v)5.0
  • Known history of chronic hepatitis B or C
  • Patients with seizure disorder requiring medication
  • Symptomatic metastatic brain or meningeal tumors unless the patient is > 6 months from definitive therapy, has a negative imaging study within 4 weeks of randomization and is clinically stable with respect to the tumor at the time of randomization. Note: Patient must not be undergoing acute steroid therapy or taper (chronic steroid therapy is acceptable provided that the dose is stable for one month prior to and following screening radiographic studies)
  • History of organ allograft (including corneal transplant)
  • Evidence or history of bleeding diathesis or any hemorrhage or bleeding event > CTCAE v5.0 grade 3 =< 4 weeks prior to randomization
  • Non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
  • Substance abuse, medical, psychological or social conditions that may interfere with the patient’s participation in the study or evaluation of the study results
  • High-frequency microsatellite instability (MSI-H) patients who have not received prior PD-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapy
  • Concurrent anti-cancer therapy =< 3 weeks from randomization (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, or tumor embolization)
  • Known hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs, study drug classes, or excipients in the formulation
  • Interstitial lung disease with ongoing signs and symptoms at the time of informed consent
  • History of known persistent proteinuria of CTCAE v5.0 grade 3 or higher (>= 3.5 g/24 hrs)
  • Any malabsorption condition
  • Unresolved toxicity greater than CTCAE v5.0 grade 1 attributed to any prior therapy/procedure excluding alopecia and oxaliplatin induced neurotoxicity =< grade 2
  • Albumin levels < 2.5 g/dl
  • Any of the following because this study involves an agent that has known genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects: * Pregnant women * Nursing women * Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception * NOTE: Men and women of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception beginning at the signing of the informed consent form (ICF) until at least 3 months after the last dose of study drug. The definition of adequate contraception will be based on the judgment of the principal investigator or a designated associate
  • Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the treating physician, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
  • Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or active hepatitis B or C infection requiring treatment with antiviral therapy
  • Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
  • Previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from colorectal cancer =< 3 years prior to randomization EXCEPT for cervical cancer in-situ, treated ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast, curatively treated nonmelanoma skin carcinoma, noninvasive aerodigestive neoplasms, or superficial bladder tumor (Ta [Non-invasive tumor], Tis [carcinoma in situ] and T1 [Tumor invades lamina propria]). Note: All cancer treatments for cancers that were distinct in a primary site other than colorectal must be completed at least 3 years prior to randomization (i.e., signature date of the informed consent form)
  • Pleural effusion or ascites that causes respiratory compromise (>= CTCAE v5.0 grade 2 dyspnea)
  • Any condition which, in the treating physician’s opinion, makes the subject unsuitable for trial participation

Arizona

Scottsdale
Mayo Clinic in Arizona
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: ACCRU Operations
Phone: 507-538-7448

California

Los Angeles
USC / Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Heinz-Josef Lenz

District of Columbia

Washington
MedStar Georgetown University Hospital
Status: IN_REVIEW
Contact: Benjamin Adam Weinberg

Florida

Jacksonville
Mayo Clinic in Florida
Status: IN_REVIEW
Contact: Jason Scott Starr

Georgia

Atlanta
Emory University Hospital / Winship Cancer Institute
Status: IN_REVIEW
Contact: Christina Sing-Ying Wu

Illinois

Chicago
University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center
Status: IN_REVIEW
Contact: Daniel Virgil Thomas Catenacci

Iowa

Iowa City
University of Iowa / Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center
Status: IN_REVIEW
Contact: Daniel James Berg
Sioux City
Siouxland Regional Cancer Center
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Donald B. Wender

Minnesota

Rochester
Mayo Clinic in Rochester
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Zhaohui Jin

Missouri

Saint Louis
Washington University School of Medicine
Status: IN_REVIEW
Contact: Katrina Sophia Pedersen

Nebraska

Omaha
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Status: IN_REVIEW
Contact: Kelsey A. Klute

North Carolina

Durham
Duke University Medical Center
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Jingquan Jia

Pennsylvania

Pittsburgh
Allegheny General Hospital
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Gene G. Finley

Wisconsin

Marshfield
Marshfield Medical Center
Status: IN_REVIEW
Contact: Seth Olusegun Fagbemi
Wauwatosa
Aurora Cancer Care-Milwaukee West
Status: IN_REVIEW
Contact: Federico Augusto Hernandez Sanchez

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To compare the overall survival between evaluable patients who were randomized to receive regorafenib followed by anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody therapy compared to those that receive anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody followed by regorafenib.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the first progression free survival (PFS1) of patients between evaluable patients who were randomized to receive regorafenib followed by anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody therapy compared to those that receive anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody followed by regorafenib.

II. To compare the second progression free survival (PFS2) of patients between evaluable patients who were randomized to receive regorafenib followed by anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody therapy compared to those that receive anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody followed by regorafenib.

III. To compare the sequential treatment progression free survival (stPFS) of patients between evaluable patients who were randomized to receive regorafenib followed by anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody therapy compared to those that receive anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody followed by regorafenib.

IV. To assess the frequency and severity of adverse events between evaluable patients who were randomized to receive regorafenib followed by anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody therapy compared to those that receive anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody followed by regorafenib.

V. To compare the objective response rate (ORR), while on initial treatment, between evaluable patients who were randomized to receive regorafenib followed by anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody therapy compared to those that receive anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody followed by regorafenib.

VI. To compare the objective response rate (ORR), while on sequential treatment, between evaluable patients who were randomized to receive regorafenib followed by anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody therapy compared to those that receive anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody prior to regorafenib.

CORRELATIVE RESEARCH OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess plasma pharmacodynamics biomarkers of response and resistance to therapy.

II. To explore any correlation between tissue and blood based biomarkers and clinical outcomes.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM A: Patients receive regorafenib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-21. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Per the treating physician's discretion, patients who experience disease progression may initiate a treatment regimen consisting of cetuximab or panitumumab intravenously (IV) over 30-90 minutes on days 1 and 15. Patients may also receive irinotecan IV on days 1 and 15 as determined by the study doctor. Cycles repeat every 28 days until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM B: Patients receive cetuximab or panitumumab IV over 30-90 minutes on days 1 and 15. Patients may also receive irinotecan IV on days 1 and 15 as determined by the study doctor. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Per the treating physician's discretion, patients who experience disease progression may initiate a treatment regimen consisting of regorafenib PO QD on days 1-21. Cycles repeat every 28 days until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, and then every 3 months for up to 3 years after randomization.

Trial Phase Phase II

Trial Type Treatment

Lead Organization
Academic and Community Cancer Research United

Principal Investigator
Daniel H. Ahn

  • Primary ID ACCRU-GI-1809
  • Secondary IDs NCI-2019-06518
  • Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT04117945