Study on the Effectiveness and Safety of the Combination of the Two Drugs Regorafenib and Nivolumab in Patients With Colorectal Cancer (Cancer of the Colon or Rectum Classified as Proficient Mismatch Repair and Microsatellite Stable)

Status: Active


The purpose of this study is to learn if combination of the two drugs regorafenib and nivolumab is an effective treatment for pMMR - MSS colorectal cancer, a special type of cancer of the colon or rectum (pMMR stands for proficient Mismatch Repair; MSS stands for Microsatellite Stable) and whether it is safe for patients. Regorafenib works by blocking several different proteins involved in tumor growth. Nivolumab is an immunotherapy drug encouraging the body's own immune system to attack cancer cells. Both drugs have been approved, but not for how they are being used as combination therapy in this study. Brand name of regorafenib is Stivarga; brand name of nivolumab is Opdivo.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Histological or cytological confirmed advanced, metastatic, or progressive pMMR/MSS adenocarcinoma of colon or rectum
  • Participant must have progressed or be intolerant to prior systemic chemotherapy including fluoropyrimidines, irinotecan, oxaliplatin, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy, and, if extended rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (RAS) wild type, an anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) therapy. Exceptions may apply
  • Participants must have adequate organ and marrow function defined by protocol-specified laboratory tests
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 1
  • Measurable disease as determined by response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) v1.1
  • Provision of recently obtained tumor tissue as per protocol specified requirement
  • Anticipated life expectancy greater than 3 months
  • Be able to swallow and absorb oral tablets

Exclusion Criteria

  • Participants with microsatellite instable-high (MSI-H) colorectal cancer or proto-oncogene BRAF (BRAF) V600E mutation
  • Prior therapy with regorafenib, anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), programmed cell death protein 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1), or cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) inhibitors, or any form of immunotherapy to treat cancer
  • Presence of active central nervous system (CNS) metastases; participants with stable CNS disease or previously treated lesions are eligible for study entry
  • Poorly controlled hypertension, defined as a blood pressure consistently above 150/90 mmHg despite optimal medical management
  • Participants with an arterial thrombotic or thromboembolic event within 6 months before the start of study medication
  • Any hemorrhage or bleeding event ≥ National Cancer Institute - Common terminology criteria for adverse events (NCI-CTCAE) Grade 3 within 28 days prior to the start of study medication
  • Participants with an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease
  • History of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis
  • Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or current chronic or active hepatitis B or C infection
  • Other protocol defined inclusion/exclusion criteria could apply

Locations & Contacts


City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
Status: Active
Name Not Available


M D Anderson Cancer Center
Status: Active
Name Not Available

Trial Phase & Type

Trial Phase

Phase II

Trial Type


Lead Organization

Lead Organization
Bayer Corporation

Trial IDs

Primary ID 20975
Secondary IDs NCI-2019-07630 ID NCT04126733