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A Phase 1 Study of Romidepsin, CC-486 (5-azacitidine), Dexamethasone, and Lenalidomide (RAdR) for Relapsed / Refractory T-cell Malignancies

Trial Status: Active

Background: - Mature T-cell malignancies (TCM) are rare and heterogeneous group of leukemias and lymphomas accounting for 5 to 10% of all lymphomas in the US - Patients with systemic TCM are most commonly treated with a CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone)-like regimens, that produce long-term progression-free survival in about 30% of these cases - Patients with relapsed / refractory (R / R) TCM have very poor prognosis with median overall survival of less than 1 year. Treatment options for R / R TCM are very few and of limited efficacy, thus novel treatment strategies are urgently needed. - Mutations in epigenetic regulators are common in aggressive TCMs and standard treatment with histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) such as romidepsin show modest clinical activity with single agent the overall response (ORR) around 25% - Combination of romidepsin and 5-azacitidine (hypomethylating agents) was synergistic in preclinical models, and has demonstrated high clinical activity with an ORR of 79% - Many TCMs rely on The Ikaros-dependent NF-kB / IRF4 signaling pathway to maintain proliferation, which is why lenalidomide, which induces degradation of Ikaros and downregulates IRF4, has single agent activity in R / R TCM with ORR of 26% to 42%, depending on the subtype. - Lenalidomide synergizes with romidepsin and enhances tumor cell death in TCM cell lines, predicting that the addition of lenalidomide to the established romidepsin / CC-486 (5- azacitidine) combination will further improve efficacy. Objectives: To determine the safety and toxicity profile and the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the four-drug combination of CC-486 (5-azacitidine), romidepsin, lenalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with TCM Eligibility: - Refractory / relapsed TCM defined as follows: - Patients with systemic disease - Have received at least one line of prior therapy - Must have received brentuximab vedotin if the disease is anaplastic large cell lymphoma or CD30-positive cutaneous T-cell lymphoma - Age greater than or equal to 18 years of age - ECOG performance status of less than or equal to 2 (or less than or equal to 3 if decrease is due to the disease) - Histologically or cytologically confirmed relapsed and / or refractory mature TCM - Adequate organ and marrow function Design: - Open-label, single-center, uncontrolled Phase 1 study - '3 + 3' design will be used to determine the MTD of dose-escalated lenalidomide with fixed dose of romidepsin and CC-486 (5-azacitidine) - An expansion cohort of 9 patients will be evaluated at the MTD - Maximum 6 cycles (21-day cycle) of combination therapy - To explore all dose levels, including further evaluation in a dose expansion cohort, the accrual ceiling will be set at 30 patients

Inclusion Criteria

  • - INCLUSION CRITERIA: - Patients must have relapsed after or progressed during at least one line of prior systemic therapy (which may include allogeneic stem cell transplantation) for mature T or NK/T neoplasm, i.e. have relapsed and/or refractory mature T and NK neoplasm per 2016 WHO classification excluding chronic lymphoproliferative disorder of NK cells and aggressive NK-cell leukemia. - T or NK/T neoplasm from initial diagnosis or recurrence must be histologically or cytologically proven and diagnosis be confirmed by the Laboratory of Pathology, NCI, - Patients with ALCL or CD30 positive MF/SS must have relapsed after or become intolerant to prior anti-CD30 targeting therapy treatment with brentuximab vedotin - For patients without circulating leukemia/lymphoma cells detectable by flow cytometry, a formalin fixed tissue block or 15 slides of tumor sample (archival or fresh) must be available at enrollment for performance of correlative studies. NOTE: Patients without circulating malignant cells must be willing to have a tumor biopsy if prior tissue or adequate archival tissue is not available (i.e., post-enrollment and prior to treatment). - Disease must be measurable with at least one measurable lesion by RECIL 2017 or mSWAT criteria, or have an abnormal clonal T-cell population detectable by peripheral blood flow cytometry - Age greater than or equal to18 years - ECOG performance status less than or equal to 2, or less than or equal to 3 if the decreased performance status is deemed to be due to disease and not residual toxicity from prior therapy or other causes. - Adequate organ and marrow function as defined below: - Absolute neutrophil count greater than or equal to 1,000/mcL - Platelets greater than or equal to 75,000/mcL - Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) - AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) less than or equal to 2.5 X institutional ULN - Creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 calculated by eGFR in the clinical lab - Negative serum or urine pregnancy test at screening for women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) NOTE: WOCBP is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone successful surgical sterilization or who is not postmenopausal. WOCBP must have a negative pregnancy test (HCG blood or urine) during screening. - All study participants must be registered into the mandatory Revlimid REMS[registered trademark] program and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of the REMS[registered trademark] program. - Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 28 days after completion of treatment. Females of reproductive potential must adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing as required in the Revlimid REMS[registered trademark] program. - Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: - Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents. - Anti-cancer treatment within 2 weeks prior to enrollment. (4 weeks for monoclonal antibodies and 6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C). - Patients who have received lenalidomide, romidepsin, and 5-azacitidine at any time point during prior treatments. Patients who have received one or two of the three drugs (alone or in combination) remain eligible. - Patients with previous malignant disease other than the target malignancy within the last 5 years with the exception of basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or cervical carcinoma in situ - History of allergic reactions or known or suspected hypersensitivity attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to lenalidomide, romidepsin and 5-azacitidine - Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection requiring systemic therapy, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements. - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective antiretroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial. - For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated. - Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load. - History of inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn s disease, ulcerative colitis), celiac disease (i.e., sprue), prior gastrectomy or upper bowel removal, or any other gastrointestinal disorder or defect that would interfere with the absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion of the study drug and/or predispose the subject to an increased risk of gastrointestinal toxicity. - Clinically significant (i.e., active) cardiovascular disease: cerebral vascular accident/stroke (< 6 months prior to enrollment), myocardial infarction (< 6 months prior to enrollment), unstable angina, congestive heart failure (greater than or equal to New York Heart Association Classification Class II), congenital long QT syndrome, or other serious cardiac arrhythmia including 2nd degree atrio-ventricular (AV) block type II, 3rd degree AV block, or bradycardia (ventricular rate less than 50 beats/min). - Hypertrophic cardiomegaly or restrictive cardiomyopathy from prior treatment or other causes. - Uncontrolled hypertension, i.e., blood pressure (BP) of greater than or equal to 160/95; patients who have a history of hypertension controlled by medication must be on a stable dose (for at least one month) and meet all other inclusion criteria. - Triplicate average baseline QTcF interval greater than or equal to 480 ms - Patients taking drugs leading to significant QT prolongation. Note: A 5 half-life washout period must have elapsed following the use of these drugs prior to administration of romidepsin. - Concomitant use of rifampin and other strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and inducers within 2 weeks prior to starting protocol therapy. - Other severe acute or chronic medical conditions including psychiatric conditions such as recent (within the past year) or active suicidal ideation or behavior; or laboratory abnormalities that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study treatment administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study - Pregnant or lactating women. Pregnant women are excluded from this study because lenalidomide is a Class X agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with lenalidomide, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with lenalidomide. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study.

Maryland

Bethesda
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center
Status: IN_REVIEW
Contact: National Cancer Institute Referral Office
Phone: 888-624-1937

DesdiBackground:

- Mature T-cell malignancies (TCM) are rare and heterogeneous group of leukemias and

lymphomas accounting for 5 to 10% of all lymphomas in the US

- Patients with systemic TCM are most commonly treated with a CHOP (cyclophosphamide,

doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone)-like regimens, that produce long-term

progression-free survival in about 30% of these cases

- Patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) TCM have very poor prognosis with median overall

survival of less than 1 year. Treatment options for R/R TCM are very few and of limited

efficacy, thus novel treatment strategies are urgently needed.

- Mutations in epigenetic regulators are common in aggressive TCMs and standard treatment

with histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) such as romidepsin show modest clinical

activity with single agent the overall response (ORR) around 25%

- Combination of romidepsin and 5-azacitidine (hypomethylating agents) was synergistic in

preclinical models, and has demonstrated high clinical activity with an ORR of 79%

- Many TCMs rely on The Ikaros-dependent NF-kB/IRF4 signaling pathway to maintain

proliferation, which is why lenalidomide, which induces degradation of Ikaros and

downregulates IRF4, has single agent activity in R/R TCM with ORR of 26% to 42%,

depending on the subtype.

- Lenalidomide synergizes with romidepsin and enhances tumor cell death in TCM cell lines,

predicting that the addition of lenalidomide to the established romidepsin/ CC-486 (5-

azacitidine) combination will further improve efficacy.

Objectives:

To determine the safety and toxicity profile and the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the

four-drug combination of CC-486 (5-azacitidine), romidepsin, lenalidomide and dexamethasone

in patients with TCM

Eligibility:

- Refractory/relapsed TCM defined as follows:

- Patients with systemic disease

- Have received at least one line of prior therapy

- Must have received brentuximab vedotin if the disease is anaplastic large cell

lymphoma or CD30-positive cutaneous T-cell lymphoma

- Age greater than or equal to 18 years of age

- ECOG performance status of less than or equal to 2 (or less than or equal to 3 if

decrease is due to the disease)

- Histologically or cytologically confirmed relapsed and/or refractory mature TCM

- Adequate organ and marrow function

Design:

- Open-label, single-center, uncontrolled Phase 1 study

- '3 + 3' design will be used to determine the MTD of dose-escalated lenalidomide with

fixed dose of romidepsin and CC-486 (5-azacitidine)

- An expansion cohort of 9 patients will be evaluated at the MTD

- Maximum 6 cycles (21-day cycle) of combination therapy

- To explore all dose levels, including further evaluation in a dose expansion cohort, the

accrual ceiling will be set at 30 patients

Trial Phase Phase I

Trial Type Treatment

Lead Organization
National Cancer Institute

Principal Investigator
Milos Miljkovic

  • Primary ID 200127
  • Secondary IDs NCI-2020-04855, 20-C-0127
  • Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT04447027