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Ibrutinib for the Treatment of Patients with B-Cell Malignancies Who Are Infected with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Trial Status: Approved

This phase II trial studies the effect of ibrutinib in treating patients with B-cell malignancies who are infected with the virus responsible for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Ibrutinib blocks a protein called Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK), which may help keep cancer cells from growing. The goals of this study are twofold: a) to conduct a prospective observational cohort study to determine the risk of hospitalization among patients on ibrutinib therapy with COVID-19 infection in the outpatient setting (ibrutinib may be continued or not per investigator’s choice); and b) to randomly assign hospitalized patients who are on ibrutinib therapy for a hematologic malignancy and who develop COVID-19 infection to either stop ibrutinib or continue with the drug.

Inclusion Criteria

  • REGISTRATION INCLUSION
  • (COHORT 1): Age >= 18 years
  • COHORT 1: Laboratory confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 through confirmation of SARS-Co-V2 via reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) or any Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved method. The date of test result is required to be =< 7 days prior to registration (NOTE: please use the date the test was resulted and NOT the date when the test was collected)
  • COHORT 1: Patient is on ibrutinib for the following approved FDA indications, including: * Chronic lymphocytic leukemia/Small lymphocytic lymphoma * Mantle cell lymphoma * Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia * Marginal zone lymphoma
  • COHORT 1: Patients have been on standard dose ibrutinib therapy (420 mg daily for chronic lymphocytic leukemia [CLL]/small lymphocytic lymphoma [SLL] and Waldenstrom/Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, and 560 mg daily for mantle cell lymphoma and marginal zone lymphoma) for at least 6 months prior to diagnosis of COVID-19 infection; and there is no evidence of disease progression of the primary malignancy for which ibrutinib is being used * NOTE: Patients are allowed to receive standard treatment as per local institutional guidelines for the treatment of COVID-19 at the same time the patient is enrolled on this trial
  • COHORT 1: Provide informed written consent =< 7 days prior to registration
  • COHORT 1: Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study) * Note: During the active monitoring phase of a study (i.e., active treatment and clinical follow-up), participants must be willing to return to the consenting institution for follow-up. All of these visits will be virtual (phone or video) ONLY
  • COHORT 1: Willing to provide blood specimens for correlative research purposes
  • RANDOMIZATION INCLUSION
  • COHORT 2: Age >= 18 years
  • COHORT 2: Laboratory confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 through confirmation of SARS-Co-V2 via RT-PCR or any FDA approved method. The date of test result is required to be =< 7 days prior to registration (NOTE: please use the date the test was resulted and NOT the date when the test was collected)
  • COHORT 2: Patient is on ibrutinib for the following approved FDA indications, including: * Chronic lymphocytic leukemia/Small lymphocytic lymphoma * Mantle cell lymphoma * Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia * Marginal zone lymphoma
  • COHORT 2: Patients have been on standard dose ibrutinib therapy (420 mg daily for CLL/SLL and Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, and 560 mg daily for mantle cell lymphoma and marginal zone lymphoma) for at least 6 months prior to diagnosis of COVID-19 infection; and there is no evidence of disease progression of the primary malignancy for which ibrutinib is being used * NOTE: Patients are allowed to receive standard treatment as per local institutional guidelines for the treatment of COVID-19 at the same time the patient is enrolled on this trial
  • COHORT 2: Provide informed written consent =< 7 days prior to registration
  • COHORT 2: Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the Active Monitoring Phase of the study) * Note: During the Active Monitoring Phase of a study (i.e., active treatment and clinical follow-up), participants must be willing to return to the consenting institution for follow-up. All of these visits will be virtual (phone or video) ONLY
  • COHORT 2: Willing to provide blood specimens for correlative research purposes
  • COHORT 2: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 750 cells/mm^3 (0.75 x 10^9/L)
  • COHORT 2: Platelet count > 50,000 cells/mm^3 (50 x 10^9/L)
  • COHORT 2: Estimated creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 30 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gault)
  • COHORT 2: Bilirubin =< 2.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless bilirubin rise is due to Gilbert's syndrome or of non-hepatic origin)
  • COHORT 2: Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 5 x ULN
  • COHORT 2: Prothrombin time (PT)/International normal ratio (INR) < 1.5 x (upper limit of normal) ULN and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) (activated partial thromboplastin time [aPTT]) < 1.5 x ULN (unless abnormalities are unrelated to coagulopathy or bleeding disorder)

Exclusion Criteria

  • REGISTRATION EXCLUSION
  • COHORT 1: Patient is receiving ibrutinib therapy for chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD)
  • COHORT 1: Patient is currently receiving (or has in the past 6 months) another treatment in combination with ibrutinib, such as anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, BCL-2 antagonists such as venetoclax, or other novel treatments or chemotherapeutic agents. For clarification regarding specific medications not listed here, please discuss with the principal investigator
  • COHORT 1: Requires or receiving anticoagulation with warfarin or equivalent vitamin K antagonists (e.g. phenprocoumon) within 7 days of first dose of study drug and while on study
  • COHORT 1: Concomitant use of a strong CYP3A inhibitor
  • COHORT 1: Vaccinated with a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks
  • COHORT 1: Patients with chronic liver disease and hepatic impairment meeting Child Pugh class C
  • COHORT 1: History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months before registration
  • COHORT 1: History of bleeding diathesis (e.g. hemophilia, von Willebrand/Waldenstrom disease)
  • COHORT 1: Clinically significant cardiovascular disease, such as uncontrolled arrhythmia or class 3 or 4 congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification; or a history of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or acute coronary syndrome within 6 months prior to registration
  • COHORT 1: Chemotherapy for other malignancies
  • COHORT 1: Concurrent systemic immunosuppressant therapy within 21 days of the first dose of study drug with the exception of that which is part of the standard of care for COVID-19
  • COHORT 1: Major surgery within 4 weeks of registration
  • COHORT 1: Female subjects who are pregnant, or breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant while enrolled in this study or within 1 month of last dose of study drug. Male subjects who plan to father a child while enrolled in this study or within 3 months after the last dose of study drug
  • RANDOMIZATION EXCLUSION
  • COHORT 2: Patient is receiving ibrutinib on a clinical trial for their underlying B-cell malignancy
  • COHORT 2: Patient is receiving ibrutinib therapy for chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD)
  • COHORT 2: Patient is currently receiving (or has in the past 6 months) another treatment in combination with ibrutinib, such as anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, BCL-2 antagonists such as venetoclax, or other novel treatments or chemotherapeutic agents. For clarification regarding specific medications not listed here, please discuss with the principal investigator
  • COHORT 2: Requires or receiving anticoagulation with warfarin or equivalent vitamin K antagonists (e.g. phenprocoumon) within 7 days of first dose of study drug and while on study
  • COHORT 2: Concomitant use of a strong CYP3A inhibitor
  • COHORT 2: Vaccinated with a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks of registration
  • COHORT 2: Patients with chronic liver disease and hepatic impairment meeting Child Pugh class B and C
  • COHORT 2: History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months before registration
  • COHORT 2: History of bleeding diathesis (e.g. hemophilia, von Willebrand disease)
  • COHORT 2: Clinically significant cardiovascular disease, such as uncontrolled arrhythmia or Class 3 or 4 congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification; or a history of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or acute coronary syndrome within 6 months prior to registration
  • COHORT 2: Chemotherapy for other malignancies
  • COHORT 2: Concurrent systemic immunosuppressant therapy =< 21 days of the first dose of study drug with the exception of that which is part of the standard of care for COVID-19
  • COHORT 2: Major surgery within 4 weeks of registration
  • COHORT 2: Female subjects who are pregnant, or breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant while enrolled in this study or within 1 month of last dose of study drug. Male subjects who plan to father a child while enrolled in this study or within 3 months after the last dose of study drug
  • COHORT 2: Patients stopped ibrutinib >= 7 days prior to registration, for any reason
  • COHORT 2: Patient is an active participant on investigational therapy through an Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved clinical trial for COVID-19 (NOTE: Participation through compassionate use protocol or expanded access is permitted)
  • COHORT 2: At time of registration, the patient requires: * Endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation

Minnesota

Rochester
Mayo Clinic in Rochester
Status: IN_REVIEW
Contact: ACCRU Operations
Phone: 507-538-7448

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To characterize and describe the patterns of temporary interruption versus (vs.) continuation of ibrutinib after their coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) diagnosis and their corresponding rates of hospitalization and/or death by day 28 in an observational cohort of COVID-19 infected patients treated with ibrutinib therapy as their standard of care. (Cohort 1)

II. To determine if continuation of ibrutinib during COVID-19 infection among patients who are hospitalized can result in decreased need for mechanical ventilation and decreased mortality by day 28 compared to patients who suspend temporarily ibrutinib treatment after their COVID-19 diagnosis. (Cohort 2)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES

I. To determine the average length of time from diagnosis of COVID-19 infection to need for hospitalization due to worsening disease. (Cohort 1)

II. To determine the rate of viral clearance on days 15, 28, 42, and 56 after registration. (Cohort 1)

III. To evaluate coagulation parameters at baseline, and on days 15 and 28 after registration. (Cohort 1)

IV. To determine the incidence of arterial and venous thrombosis as well as bleeding complications. (Cohort 1)

V. To evaluate patient-reported health status and quality of life using the Patient Reported Outcomes (PRO)-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE). (Cohort 1)

VI. To determine if patients develop a “flare phenomenon” if ibrutinib is stopped. (Cohort 1)

VII. To evaluate the patterns and timing of restarting ibrutinib in those patients who suspended their ibrutinib treatment after their COVID-19 diagnosis. (Cohort 1)

VIII. To evaluate the association of patient outcomes stratified by the Charlson Co-morbidity index (CCI). (Cohort 1)

IX. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of continuation of ibrutinib. (Cohort 1)

X. To evaluate if continued treatment with ibrutinib can reduce the proportion of patients who die due to any cause in the 28 days after randomization compared to patients who stop ibrutinib in COVID-19 positive patients who are hospitalized at the time of study enrollment. (Cohort 2)

XI. To evaluate the incidence of mechanical ventilation in hospitalized patients, and whether continued ibrutinib therapy reduces this incidence compared to stopping ibrutinib. (Cohort 2)

XII. To determine whether continued ibrutinib can significantly improve the viral clearance rate at baseline, and on days 8, 15, 28, 42 and 56 days after randomization compared to those who temporarily interrupt ibrutinib. (Cohort 2)

XIII. To evaluate coagulation parameters at baseline, and on days 8, 15, and 28 after randomization among patients who continue ibrutinib compared to those who discontinue ibrutinib. (Cohort 2)

XIV. To determine the incidence of arterial and venous thrombosis as well as bleeding complications in patients who continue ibrutinib compared to those who stop it. (Cohort 2)

XV. To determine if patients who are randomized to stopping ibrutinib develop “flare phenomenon”. (Cohort 2)

XVI. To evaluate the association of patient outcomes stratified by the Charlson Co-morbidity index (CCI). (Cohort 2)

CORRELATIVE RESEARCH OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the association of inflammatory status with COVID severity.

II. To determine the proportion of patients who develop antibodies to SARS-CoV2, especially given that patients with B cell malignancies tend to have inadequate responses to vaccines and often suffer from hypogammaglobulinemia.

III. To determine changes in the immune profile by advanced flow cytometry given that the status of the immune system , both innate and adaptive , may dictate ultimate host management and clearance of COVID infections.

OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 cohorts.

COHORT I: Patients may continue to receive ibrutinib orally (PO) daily or stop ibrutinib per provider’s discretion.

COHORT II: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM 2A: Patients continue to receive ibrutinib PO daily in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM 2B: Patients undergo temporary interruption of ibrutinib for up to 28 days unless they are discharged home from hospital and are thought to be medically fit by the primary caregiver to resume therapy according to their primary treating oncologist.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 42, 56, and 84 days.

Trial Phase Phase II

Trial Type Treatment

Lead Organization
Academic and Community Cancer Research United

Principal Investigator
Sameer A. Parikh

  • Primary ID ACCRU-LY-2001
  • Secondary IDs NCI-2020-11785
  • Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT04665115