Caspofungin versus Fluconazole in Preventing Invasive Fungal Infections (IFI) in Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy for Acute Myeloid Leukemia
- Patients must have one of the following diagnoses and/or treatment plans: * Newly diagnosed de novo AML * First or subsequent relapse of AML * Secondary AML * Treatment with institutional standard AML therapy in those without AML (for example, myelodysplastic syndrome, bone marrow blasts > 5% or biphenotypia) * Note: Patients with a history of prolonged antifungal therapy (example, relapsed AML) are eligible
- Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows: * =< 0.4 mg/dL (age 1 month to < 6 months) * =< 0.5 mg/dL (age 6 months to < 1 year) * =< 0.6 mg/dL (age 1 to < 2 years) * =< 0.8 mg/dL (age 2 to < 6 years) * =< 1 mg/dL (age 6 to < 10 years) * =< 1.2 mg/dL (age 10 to < 13 years) * =< 1.4 mg/dL (females age >= 13 years) * =< 1.5 mg/dL (males age 13 to < 16 years) * =< 1.7 mg/dL (males age >= 16 years)
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age AND Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) or serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) < 2.5 x ULN for age
- All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
- Patients with the following diagnoses are not eligible: * Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) * Down syndrome * Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML)
- Patients with a documented history of invasive fungal infection (IFI) within the previous 30 days are not eligible
- Patients with a history of echinocandin or fluconazole hypersensitivity are not eligible
- Patients receiving treatment for an IFI are not eligible
- Female patients of childbearing age must have a negative pregnancy test
- Patients must agree to use an effective birth control method
- Lactating patients must agree not to nurse a child while on this trial
District of Columbia
West Palm Beach
New Hyde Park
Fort Sam Houston
Newfoundland and Labrador
I. To determine if prophylaxis with caspofungin administered during periods of neutropenia following chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is associated with a lower incidence of proven or probable invasive fungal infections (IFI) compared with fluconazole.
I. To determine if prophylaxis with caspofungin will result in a lower incidence of proven or probable cases of invasive aspergillosis (IA) compared with fluconazole. (Clinical)
II. To determine if prophylaxis with caspofungin will result in improved survival compared to fluconazole. (Clinical)
III. To determine if prophylaxis with caspofungin will result in less empiric antifungal therapy compared to fluconazole. (Clinical)
IV. To determine the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value of biweekly
galactomannan (GM) and beta-D glucan testing in diagnosing IFI. (Biological)
V. To test the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes involved in innate immunity and proven or probable IFI. (Biological)
VI. To develop predictive models of IFI using SNP in genes involved in immunity and clinical covariates. (Biological)
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms during their first chemotherapy course for AML.
ARM I: Patients receive caspofungin acetate intravenously (IV) over one hour once daily (QD) beginning within 24-72 hours following the last dose of chemotherapy for each course. and continuing until absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 100-500/uL following the nadir or the next chemotherapy course begins.
ARM II: Patients receive fluconazole IV over 1-2 hours or orally (PO) QD beginning within 24-72 hours following the last dose of chemotherapy for each course.
Protocol prophylaxis was continued in both arms, until ANC increased to > 100-500/uL following the nadir or the next chemotherapy course began. Prophylaxis was given for all courses of planned AML chemotherapy or until the patient met one of the following off-protocol therapy criteria: development of proven or probable IFI according to institutional diagnosis, initiation of conditioning for hematopoietic cell transplantation, initiation of a new chemotherapy regimen for relapsed or refractory AML, refusal of further protocol therapy by patient, parent or guardian, or physician determines it is in the best interest of the patient.
Regardless of duration of prophylaxis, subjects in both arms are monitored for IFI until the earliest of the following criteria is met: two weeks after recovery of neutropenia following the last planned AML chemotherapy course, initiation of conditioning for hematopoietic cell transplantation, initiation of a new chemotherapy regimen for relapsed or refractory AML, withdrawal of consent for any further data submission, or death.
Patients were followed for overall survival up to two years from enrollment.
Trial Phase Phase III
Trial Type Supportive care
Children's Oncology Group
Theoklis E. Zaoutis
- Primary ID ACCL0933
- Secondary IDs NCI-2011-02640, COG-ACCL0933, CDR0000695748, S12-00316
- Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT01307579