Lu-177-DOTATATE (Lutathera) in Therapy of Inoperable Pheochromocytoma / Paraganglioma
- -INCLUSION CRITERIA: 1. Surgically inoperable participants with clinical diagnosis of PHEO/PGL who also have demonstrated disease histologically consistent with pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma (preferably confirmed by research site pathology review if initial pathology was done outside of research site, but not mandatory). 2. Progressive disease by RECIST with or without symptoms within the last 12 months. NOTE: Untreated participants with existing histologic diagnoses are eligible if progression can be demonstrated. 3. PHEO/PGL that is not associated with any known susceptibility genetic mutations for PHEO/PGL except SDHx mutation (a.k.a. "apparent sporadic"), based on documented genetic testing results obtained prior to study enrollment. PHEO/PGL that is associated with non-SDHx mutations such as VHL, NF1, and RET will not be eligible for this study. 4. Patient is or will be enrolled on protocol 00-CH-0093, Diagnosis, Pathophysiology, and Molecular Biology of Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma (NIH only). 5. Both metastatic and inoperable primary-only participants are eligible. 6. Must have presence of SSTR+ disease as documented by positive Ga-68-DOTATATE PET scan within 12 weeks of anticipated treatment. NOTE: - Positivity of Ga-68-DOTATATE PET scan defined as having at least one lesion that is greater than or equal to 10 mm in diameter with uptake that is higher than or equal to liver and is qualitatively higher and distinguishable from background activity. - Measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1 7. Age greater than or equal to 18 8. Karnofsky Performance Score greater than or equal to 60 or ECOG Performance Status of 2 or better. 9. Able to understand and willings to sign informed consent 10. Ability and willingness to obtain all required scans per study schedule. 11. Negative serum pregnancy test for women of child bearing potential or NOTE: A female is not of childbearing potential if a prior history of hysterectomy with bilateral oophorectomy or other procedure has render the participant surgically sterile, or >2 years since last menstruation. 12. Female participants of childbearing potential and male participants who are not surgically sterile or with female partners of childbearing potential must agree to use effective, non-hormonal means of contraception (intrauterine contraceptive device, barrier method of contraception in conjunction with spermicidal gel) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation and for 6 months (10 half-lives of Lu-177) after the last dose of Lu-177- DOTATATE. 13. Must have outside endocrinologist/medical oncologist who can follow the participant after receiving PRRT (NIH only requirement). 14. Patients with secreting tumors must be receiving adequate pharmacologic catecholamine blockade as determined by the treating physician. 15. Ineligible, unable to or unwilling to receive standard first line therapy for PHEO/PGL. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: 1. Creatinine clearance <50 mL/min calculated by the MDRD method, eventually confirmed by measured creatinine clearance (or measured glomerular filtration rate (GFR) using plasma clearance methods. 2. Serum albumin less than or equal to 3.0 g/dL unless prothrombin time is within the normal range. 3. Liver dysfunction as evidenced by Child s Class C Liver Disease or worse Alternatively, AST or ALT > 2.5 times institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) unless liver metastases are present, in which case up to 5 times ULN would be allowed. 4. Hb < 8.0 g/dL; WBC < 2.0 x 10^9/L (or Absolute Neutrophil Count < 1000); Platelets < 100 x 10^9/L 5. In participants with symptoms of congestive heart failure, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification of grade III or IV 6. Pregnancy or lactation. 7. Prior anti-tumoral radionuclide therapy with unsealed sources. Prior therapy with sealed radioactive sources such as brachytherapy will be allowed. 8. Prior local radiation therapy would be allowed as long as there is at least one non-irradiated index lesions. 9. Known brain metastases, unless these metastases have been treated and stabilized for at least 24 weeks, prior to enrollment in the study. Patients with a history of brain metastases must have a head CT or MRI scan with contrast to document stable disease for at least 24 weeks prior to enrolment in the study. 10. Other known co-existing malignancies except non-melanoma skin cancer and carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix, unless definitively treated and proven no evidence of recurrence for 5 years. 11. Patients who participated in any therapeutic clinical study with an investigational agent within the last 30 days. 12. Patients may be on somatostatin analogue therapy (e.g. but not only limited to sandostatin or lanreotide therapy). However, therapy with somatostatin analogues should not be initiated or altered within 3 months of study enrolment. Patients on short term octreotide may have dose held for 24 hours prior to Lu-177-DOTATATE therapy. Those on long acting octreotide therapy will receive treatment at 1 to 5 days prior to their next cold octreotide dose, in order to prevent competition for the receptor. 13. Patient weight > 400 lbs (table limit for PET scanner) or per local institutional standard for non-NIH sites. 14. Uncontrolled inter-current illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, hypertension (>180/110), arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements. 15. Inability to tolerate at least one modality of diagnostic anatomic imaging, such as CT or MRI.
- Pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas (PHEOs/PGLs) are rare tumors arising from neural crest
tissue that can develop in sympathetic and parasympathetic paraganglia throughout the
body. Those arising in the adrenal gland are called PHEOs while those located
extraadrenally are called PGLs.
- While benign and uni-focal, PHEO/PGL can be effectively treated with surgical resection,
participants with metastatic PHEO/PGL often times have few effective and efficient
treatment options with current treatments aimed more at palliation and symptom control.
Furthermore, some benign head and neck PGLs may be inoperable because of their size and
- Somatostatin receptors (SSTR), especially type 2, have been shown to be over-expressed
in a number of human tumors, including gastroenteropancreatic (GEP), carcinoids,
neuroblastoma, prostate cancer, and PHEO/PGL among many others.
- Ionizing radiation such as the beta particles emitted by Lu-177 cause DNA damage to
target cells through both direct and indirect mechanisms. In addition, ionizing
radiation has also been shown to induce cell death through what is known as the
bystander effect, a phenomenon where cellular signaling from irradiated cells towards
non-irradiated cells induces cellular damage and eventually death in nearby surrounding
- Lu-177-DOTATATE is a somatostatin analog that predominantly recognizes SSTR2. This
reagent has been used extensively and its well-tolerated safety profile and efficacy has
been shown in a variety of neuroendocrine tumors.
To assess the safety and to evaluate the ability of Lu-177-DOTATATE to improve upon
progression-free survival (PFS) at 6 months in participants with inoperable, SSTR positive
PHEO/PGL by comparing PFS of participants treated with Lu-177-DOTATATE to historical controls
from existing literature.
- Histologically-proven, surgically inoperable, PHEO/PGL participants (both newly
diagnosed or participants with existing diagnoses are eligible)
- Must have presence of SSTR+ disease as documented by positive Ga-68-DOTATATE PET scan
- Positivity of Ga-68-DOTATATE PET scan defined as having at least one lesion that is
greater than or equal to 10 mm in diameter with uptake that is higher than or equal
to liver and is qualitatively higher and distinguishable from background activity.
- Measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1
- Age: greater than or equal to 18
- Karnofsky Performance Score greater than or equal to 60 or, ECOG Performance Status of 2
- Able to understand and willing to sign informed consent
- Open-label, single-arm, multi-center, phase 2 study evaluating efficacy and safety of
Lu- 177-DOTATATE in the selected participant population divided into two cohorts: 1)
SDHx cohort will include participants with the succinate dehydrogenase mutation, which
is the most common and most aggressive genetic sub-group of participants with PHEO/PGL,
and 2) apparent sporadic cohort which will include participants without a clear genetic
- Patients who have met the primary endpoint of having achieved a PFS of at least 6 months
after the initial treatment course, may be eligible to receive further cycles of Lu-
177-DOTATATE at the time of progression.
- Simon 2-stage optimal design will be applied to each cohort independently. For each
cohort, if 11/18 participants are progression-free at 6 months, accrual will proceed to
the second stage, where an additional 23 participants will be accrued, for a total of 41
participants per cohort.
- Assuming a loss-to-follow-up rate of 10%, a total of 45 participants will be accrued to
each cohort, with a total accrual ceiling of 90 participants.
Trial Phase Phase II
Trial Type Treatment
National Cancer Institute
Frank I-Kai Lin
- Primary ID 170087
- Secondary IDs NCI-2018-03458, 17-C-0087, NCI-2017-00681
- Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03206060