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Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®)

Patient Version
Last Modified: 04/23/2014

Recurrent Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors

Recurrent childhood extracranial germ cell tumor is cancer that has recurred (come back) after it has been treated. The cancer may come back in the same place or in other parts of the body.

The number of patients who have tumors that come back is small. Most recurrent germ cell tumors occur within three years of surgery. About half of the teratomas that recur in the sacrum or coccyx are malignant, so follow-up is important.