Questions About Cancer? 1-800-4-CANCER

Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®)

Patient Version
Last Modified: 11/25/2013

Treatment Options for Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors

Benign Teratoma
Seminoma
Nonseminoma
Recurrent or Refractory Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors



Benign Teratoma

Treatment of benign teratomas is surgery.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with benign teratoma. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Seminoma

Treatment of seminoma extragonadal germ cell tumors may include the following:

  • Radiation therapy for small tumors in one area, followed by watchful waiting if there is tumor remaining after treatment.
  • Chemotherapy for larger tumors or tumors that have spread. If a tumor smaller than 3 centimeters remains after chemotherapy, watchful waiting follows. If a larger tumor remains after treatment, surgery or watchful waiting follow.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with extragonadal seminoma. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Nonseminoma

Treatment of nonseminoma extragonadal germ cell tumors may include the following:

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with malignant extragonadal non-seminomatous germ cell tumor. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Recurrent or Refractory Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors

Treatment of extragonadal germ cell tumors that are recurrent (come back after being treated) or refractory (do not get better during treatment) may include the following:

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with recurrent extragonadal germ cell tumor. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.