Treatment Clinical Trials for Bladder Cancer

Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. The clinical trials on this list are for bladder cancer treatment. All trials on the list are supported by NCI.

NCI’s basic information about clinical trials explains the types and phases of trials and how they are carried out. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. You may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Talk to your doctor for help in deciding if one is right for you.

Trials 1-25 of 147
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  • Targeted Therapy Directed by Genetic Testing in Treating Patients with Advanced Refractory Solid Tumors, Lymphomas, or Multiple Myeloma (The MATCH Screening Trial)

    This phase II MATCH trial studies how well treatment that is directed by genetic testing works in patients with solid tumors or lymphomas that have progressed following at least one line of standard treatment or for which no agreed upon treatment approach exists. Genetic tests look at the unique genetic material (genes) of patients' tumor cells. Patients with genetic abnormalities (such as mutations, amplifications, or translocations) may benefit more from treatment which targets their tumor's particular genetic abnormality. Identifying these genetic abnormalities first may help doctors plan better treatment for patients with solid tumors, lymphomas, or multiple myeloma.
    Location: 1192 locations

  • Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients with Rare Tumors

    This phase II trial studies nivolumab and ipilimumab in treating patients with rare tumors. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. This trial enrolls participants for the following cohorts based on condition: 1. Epithelial tumors of nasal cavity, sinuses, nasopharynx: A) Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx and trachea (excluding laryngeal, nasopharyngeal cancer [NPC], and squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck [SCCHN]) B) Adenocarcinoma and variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx (closed to accrual 07 / 27 / 2018) 2. Epithelial tumors of major salivary glands (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 3. Salivary gland type tumors of head and neck, lip, esophagus, stomach, trachea and lung, breast and other location (closed to accrual) 4. Undifferentiated carcinoma of gastrointestinal (GI) tract 5. Adenocarcinoma with variants of small intestine (closed to accrual 05 / 10 / 2018) 6. Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of GI tract (stomach small intestine, colon, rectum, pancreas) (closed to accrual 10 / 17 / 2018) 7. Fibromixoma and low grade mucinous adenocarcinoma (pseudomixoma peritonei) of the appendix and ovary (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 8. Rare pancreatic tumors including acinar cell carcinoma, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma or serous cystadenocarcinoma. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is not eligible 9. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 10. Extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and bile duct tumors (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 11. Sarcomatoid carcinoma of lung 12. Bronchoalveolar carcinoma lung. This condition is now also referred to as adenocarcinoma in situ, minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, lepidic predominant adenocarcinoma, or invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma 13. Non-epithelial tumors of the ovary: A) Germ cell tumor of ovary B) Mullerian mixed tumor and adenosarcoma (closed to accrual 03 / 30 / 2018) 14. Trophoblastic tumor: A) Choriocarcinoma (closed to accrual 04 / 15 / 2019) 15. Transitional cell carcinoma other than that of the renal, pelvis, ureter, or bladder (closed to accrual 04 / 15 / 2019) 16. Cell tumor of the testes and extragonadal germ tumors: A) Seminoma and testicular sex cord cancer B) Non-seminomatous tumor C) Teratoma with malignant transformation (closed to accrual 3 / 15 / 2019) 17. Epithelial tumors of penis - squamous adenocarcinoma cell carcinoma with variants of penis 18. Squamous cell carcinoma variants of the genitourinary (GU) system 19. Spindle cell carcinoma of kidney, pelvis, ureter 20. Adenocarcinoma with variants of GU system (excluding prostate cancer) (closed to accrual 07 / 27 / 2018) 21. Odontogenic malignant tumors 22. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) (formerly named: Endocrine carcinoma of pancreas and digestive tract.) 23. Neuroendocrine carcinoma including carcinoid of the lung (closed to accrual 12 / 19 / 2017) 24. Pheochromocytoma, malignant 25. Paraganglioma (closed to accrual 11 / 29 / 2018) 26. Carcinomas of pituitary gland, thyroid gland parathyroid gland and adrenal cortex 27. Desmoid tumors 28. Peripheral nerve sheath tumors and NF1-related tumors (closed to accrual 09 / 19 / 2018) 29. Malignant giant cell tumors 30. Chordoma (closed to accrual 11 / 29 / 2018) 31. Adrenal cortical tumors (closed to accrual 06 / 27 / 2018) 32. Tumor of unknown primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary; CuP) (closed to accrual 12 / 22 / 2017) 33. Not Otherwise Categorized (NOC) Rare Tumors [To obtain permission to enroll in the NOC cohort, contact: S1609SC@swog.org] (closed to accrual 03 / 15 / 2019) 34. Adenoid cystic carcinoma (closed to accrual 02 / 06 / 2018) 35. Vulvar cancer 36. MetaPLASTIC carcinoma (of the breast) 37. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) (closed to accrual 09 / 26 / 2018) 38. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) 39. Apocrine tumors / extramammary Paget’s disease 40. Peritoneal mesothelioma 41. Basal cell carcinoma 42. Clear cell cervical cancer 43. Esthenioneuroblastoma 44. Endometrial carcinosarcoma (malignant mixed Mullerian tumors) (closed to accrual) 45. Clear cell endometrial cancer 46. Clear cell ovarian cancer 47. Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) 48. Gallbladder cancer 49. Small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type 50. PD-L1 amplified tumors 51. Angiosarcoma 52. High-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor [PNET] should be enrolled in Cohort 22; prostatic neuroendocrine carcinomas should be enrolled into Cohort 53). Small cell lung cancer is not eligible 53. Treatment-emergent small-cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer (t-SCNC)
    Location: 886 locations

  • Testing MK-3475 (Pembrolizumab) after Surgery for Localized Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer and Locally Advanced Urothelial Cancer

    This randomized phase III trial studies how well pembrolizumab works in treating patients with bladder cancer that has spread into the deep muscle of the bladder wall (muscle-invasive) or urothelial cancer that has spread from where it started to nearby tissue or lymph nodes (locally advanced). Monoclonal antibodies recognizing and blocking checkpoint molecules can enhance the patient’s immune response and therefore help fight cancer. Pembrolizumab is one of the monoclonal antibodies that block the PD-1 axis and can interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow.
    Location: 777 locations

  • Testing the Effectiveness of Two Immunotherapy Drugs (Nivolumab and Ipilimumab) with One Anti-cancer Targeted Drug (Cabozantinib) for Rare Genitourinary Tumors

    This phase II trial studies how well cabozantinib works in combination with nivolumab and ipilimumab in treating patients with rare genitourinary (GU) tumors that have spread to other places in the body. Cabozantinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving cabozantinib, nivolumab, and ipilimumab may work better in treating patients with genitourinary tumors that have no treatment options compared to giving cabozantinib, nivolumab, or ipilimumab alone.
    Location: 474 locations

  • Gemcitabine Hydrochloride and Cisplatin in Treating Patients with Invasive Bladder Urothelial Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin work in treating patients with invasive bladder urothelial cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.
    Location: 328 locations

  • Different Versions of BCG with or without Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients with High Grade Bladder Cancer That Is Not Muscle Invasive

    This randomized phase III trial studies bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) Tokyo-172 strain solution with or without a vaccination, BCG Tokyo-172 strain vaccine, to see how well it works compared with BCG solution in treating patients with bladder cancer that has not spread to muscle. BCG is a weakened form of the bacterium Mycobacterium bovis that does not cause disease. BCG is used in a solution to stimulate the immune system in the treatment of bladder cancer. Giving different versions of BCG with vaccine therapy may prevent bladder cancer from returning.
    Location: 150 locations

  • Chemoradiotherapy with or without Atezolizumab in Treating Patients with Localized Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

    This phase III trial studies how well chemotherapy and radiation therapy work with or without atezolizumab in treating patients with localized muscle invasive bladder cancer. Radiation therapy uses high energy rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, cisplatin, fluorouracil and mitomycin-C, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving atezolizumab with radiation therapy and chemotherapy may work better in treating patients with localized muscle invasive bladder cancer compared to radiation therapy and chemotherapy without atezolizumab.
    Location: 128 locations

  • Testing the Addition of an Anti-cancer Drug, Pembrolizumab, to the Usual Intravesical Chemotherapy Treatment (Gemcitabine) for the Treatment of BCG-Unresponsive Non-muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well gemcitabine together with pembrolizumab works in treating patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer who are unresponsive to the BCG vaccine. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Adding pembrolizumab to gemcitabine may delay the return of bladder cancer for longer than gemcitabine alone.
    Location: 68 locations

  • Neratinib HER Mutation Basket Study (SUMMIT)

    This is an open-label, non-randomized, multicenter, multinational, Phase 2 study exploring the efficacy and safety of neratinib as monotherapy or in combination with other therapies in patients with ERBB mutation-positive or EGFR gene-amplified solid tumors.
    Location: 25 locations

  • A Study of Enfortumab Vedotin for Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Bladder Cancer

    This is a study that will test how an experimental drug (enfortumab vedotin) affects patients with cancer of the urinary system (urothelial cancer). This type of cancer includes cancer of the bladder, renal pelvis, ureter or urethra that has spread to nearby tissues or to other areas of the body. This clinical trial will enroll patients who were previously treated with a kind of anticancer drug called an immune checkpoint inhibitor (CPI). Some CPIs have been approved for the treatment of urothelial cancer. This study will test if the cancer shrinks with treatment. This study will also look at the side effects of the drug. A side effect is a response to a drug that is not part of the treatment effect. Patients who sign up for this trial must also fall into one of these categories: - Patients have already received treatment with platinum-containing chemotherapy - Patients have never received platinum-containing treatment and are not eligible for treatment with cisplatin.
    Location: 23 locations

  • My Pathway: A Study Evaluating Herceptin / Perjeta, Tarceva, Zelboraf / Cotellic, Erivedge, Alecensa, and Tecentriq Treatment Targeted Against Certain Molecular Alterations in Participants With Advanced Solid Tumors

    This multicenter, non-randomized, open-label study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of six treatment regimens in participants with advanced solid tumors for whom therapies that will convey clinical benefit are not available and / or are not suitable options per the treating physician's judgment.
    Location: 23 locations

  • Study of Cabozantinib in Combination With Atezolizumab to Subjects With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors

    This is a multicenter Phase 1b, open-label study to assess safety, tolerability, preliminary efficacy, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of cabozantinib taken in combination with atezolizumab in subjects with multiple tumor types, including advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC) (including bladder, renal pelvis, ureter, urethra), renal cell carcinoma (RCC), castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), ovarian cancer (OC), endometrial cancer (EC), hepatocellular cancer (HCC), gastric cancer / gastroesophageal junction cancer / lower esophageal cancer (GC / GEJC / LEC), colorectal cancer (CRC), head and neck (H&N) cancer, and differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). The study consists of two stages: in the Dose Escalation Stage, an appropriate recommended cabozantinib dose for the combination with standard dosing regimen of atezolizumab will be established; in the Expansion Stage, tumor-specific cohorts will be enrolled in order to further evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination treatment in these tumor indications. Three exploratory single-agent cabozantinib (SAC) cohorts may also be enrolled with UC, NSCLC, or CRPC subjects. One exploratory single-agent atezolizumab (SAA) cohort may also be enrolled with CRPC subjects. Subjects enrolled in the SAC cohorts and SAA cohort may receive combination treatment with both cabozantinib and atezolizumab after they experience radiographic progressive disease per the Investigator per RECIST 1.1. Due to the nature of this study design, some tumor cohorts may complete enrollment earlier than others.
    Location: 22 locations

  • Sapanisertib in Treating Patients with Locally Advanced or Metastatic Bladder Cancer with TSC1 and / or TSC2 Mutations

    This pilot phase II trial studies how well sapanisertib works in treating patients with bladder cancer that has spread from where it started to nearby tissue or lymph nodes (locally advanced) or other places in the body (metastatic) with tuberous sclerosis (TSC)1 and / or TSC2 mutations (changes in deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA]). Sapanisertib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
    Location: 18 locations

  • Tazemetostat and Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients with Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

    This phase I / II trial studies the side effects and best dose of tazemetostat and how well it works when given together with pembrolizumab in treating patients with urothelial carcinoma that has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes or other places in the body (locally advanced / metastatic). Tazemetostat may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving tazemetostat and pembrolizumab may work better in treating patients with urothelial carcinoma compared to pembrolizumab without tazemetostat.
    Location: 17 locations

  • A Study of Enfortumab Vedotin Alone or With Other Therapies for Treatment of Urothelial Cancer

    This study will test an experimental drug (enfortumab vedotin) alone and with different combinations of anticancer therapies. Pembrolizumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor (CPI) that is used to treat patients with cancer of the urinary system (urothelial cancer). This type of cancer includes cancer of the bladder, renal pelvis, ureter or urethra. Some parts of the study will look at locally-advanced and metastatic urothelial cancer, which means the cancer has spread to nearby tissues or to other areas of the body. Other parts of the study will look at muscle-invasive urothelial cancer, which is cancer at an earlier stage that has spread into the muscle wall of the bladder. This study will look at the side effects of enfortumab vedotin alone and with other anticancer therapies. A side effect is a response to a drug that is not part of the treatment effect. This study will also test if the cancer shrinks with the different treatment combinations.
    Location: 20 locations

  • A Trial of TAK-788 (AP32788) in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

    The purpose of this phase 1 / 2 study is to evaluate the safety, recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), dose limiting toxicities (DLTs), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetics of oral TAK-788, anti-tumor activity of TAK-788 in participants with NSCLC with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) and anti-tumor activity of TAK-788 in participants with solid tumors other than NSCLC with EGFR or HER2 mutations, and to explore relationship between tumor and / or plasma biomarkers, and TAK-788 efficacy, safety, and / or cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) induction. The study will also determine the efficacy of TAK-788 in participants with locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC harboring EGFR in-frame exon 20 insertion mutations who have received at least 1 prior line of therapy for locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC.
    Location: 18 locations

  • A Multiple-dose Study of ASP8374, an Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor, as a Single Agent and in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Subjects With Advanced Solid Tumors

    The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the tolerability and safety profile of ASP8374 when administered as a single agent and in combination with pembrolizumab in participants with locally advanced (unresectable) or metastatic solid tumor malignancies. Also primary purpose is to characterize the pharmacokinetic profile of ASP8374 when administered as a single agent and in combination with pembrolizumab. Last primary purpose of this study is to determine the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of ASP8374 when administered as a single agent and in combination with pembrolizumab. The secondary purpose of this study is to evaluate the anti-tumor effect (objective response rate [ORR], duration of response [DOR], persistence of response after discontinuation, and disease control rate [DCR]) of ASP8374 when administered as a single agent and in combination with pembrolizumab.
    Location: 15 locations

  • An Investigational Immuno-therapy Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability and Effectiveness of Anti-LAG-3 With and Without Anti-PD-1 in the Treatment of Solid Tumors

    The purpose of the study is to assess the safety, tolerability and effectiveness of experimental medication BMS-986016 administered alone and in combination with nivolumab in patients with solid tumors that have spread and / or cannot be removed by surgery. The following tumor types are included in this study: Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC), gastric cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, bladder cancer, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, and melanoma, that have NOT previously been treated with immunotherapy. NSCLC and melanoma that HAVE previously been treated with immunotherapy.
    Location: 12 locations

  • A Study of Chemo Only Versus Chemo Plus Nivo With or Without BMS-986205, Followed by Post- Surgery Therapy With Nivo or Nivo and BMS-986205 in Patients With MIBC

    A study to evaluate nivolumab + chemotherapy or nivolumab / BMS-986205 + chemotherapy followed by continued Immuno-Oncology therapy after radical cystectomy (RC) compared with neoadjuvant standard of care (SOC) chemotherapy alone in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC)
    Location: 13 locations

  • CPI-006 Alone and in Combination With CPI-444 and With Pembrolizumab for Patients With Advanced Cancers

    This is a phase 1 / 1b open label, multicenter, dose-selection study of CPI-006, a Type 2 humanized IgG1 antibody inhibiting enzymatic activity of CD73 and adenosine production. This trial will study the safety, tolerability, and anti-tumor activity of CPI-006 as a single agent, in combination with CPI-444, a small molecule targeting the adenosine-A2A receptor on immune cells, and in combination with pembrolizumab, an anti-PD1 antibody against various solid tumors and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
    Location: 11 locations

  • QUILT-3.032: A Multicenter Clinical Trial of Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in Combination With ALT-803 in Patients With BCG Unresponsive High Grade Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

    This is a Phase II, open-label, single-arm, multicenter study of intravesical BCG plus ALT-803 in patients with BCG unresponsive high grade non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). All patients treated in the study will receive via a urinary catheter in the bladder, BCG plus ALT-803 weekly for 6 consecutive weeks (initial induction treatment period). After the first disease assessment, eligible patients will receive either a 3-week maintenance course or a 6-week re-induction course (second treatment period) at Month 3. Eligible patients will continue to receive maintenance treatment in the third treatment period at Months 6, 9, 12, and 18. The study duration is 24 months.
    Location: 12 locations

  • Atezolizumab, Gemcitabine Hydrochloride, and Cisplatin in Treating Patients with Metastatic and Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

    This pilot phase II trial studies the side effects of atezolizumab when given together with gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin and how well it works in treating patients with bladder cancer that has spread to other parts of the body and the muscle. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving atezolizumab, gemcitabine hydrochloride, and cisplatin may work better in treating bladder cancer.
    Location: 10 locations

  • A Study Of Avelumab In Combination With Other Cancer Immunotherapies In Advanced Malignancies (JAVELIN Medley)

    This is a Phase 1b / 2 dose-optimization study to evaluate safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and preliminary antitumor activity of avelumab (MSB0010718C) in combination with other cancer immunotherapies in patients with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors. The primary purpose is to assess the safety and early signs of efficacy of various avelumab combinations with other cancer immunotherapies, optimizing dosing regimens as appropriate, in a limited series of indications.
    Location: 11 locations

  • TRQ15-01 in Patients With Relapsed / Refractory Solid Tumors and Lymphomas

    The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability of escalating doses of TRQ15-01 in patients with relapsed / refractory / metastatic or locally-advanced solid tumors and lymphomas.
    Location: 8 locations

  • First Time in Humans (FTIH) Study of GSK3368715 in Subjects With Solid Tumors and Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL)

    Arginine methylation mediated by protein arginine methyl-transferases (PRMTs) is an important post-translational modification of proteins involved in a diverse range of cellular processes. Misregulation and overexpression of PRMT1 (a type I PRMT) has been associated with a number of solid and hematopoietic cancers. GSK3368715 leads to inhibition of tumor cell growth across tumor types with cytotoxic response observed in lymphoma, acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and a subset of solid tumor cell lines. This study will assess the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), and preliminary clinical activity of GSK33368715 in subjects with relapsed / refractory DLBCL and selected solid tumors with frequent methyl-thioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP)-deficiency. The study will consist of two parts. In Part 1 (Dose Escalation) escalating doses of GSK3368715 will be evaluated and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) will be established in subjects with selected solid relapsed / refractory tumors. In Part 2 (Dose Expansion), this RP2D will be further investigated in two expansion cohorts; subjects with DLBCL (Expansion Cohort 2A) and relapsed / refractory solid tumors including pancreatic, bladder, and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)(Expansion Cohort 2B). The study includes a screening period, an intervention period and follow up. Approximately 40 subjects will be enrolled in Part 1 and 141 will be enrolled in Part 2.
    Location: 9 locations


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