Clinical Trials Using Olaparib

Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. The clinical trials on this list are studying Olaparib. All trials on the list are supported by NCI.

NCI’s basic information about clinical trials explains the types and phases of trials and how they are carried out. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. You may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Talk to your doctor for help in deciding if one is right for you.

Trials 1-25 of 86
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  • Radiation Therapy with or without Olaparib in Treating Patients with Inflammatory Breast Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well radiation therapy with or without olaparib works in treating patients with inflammatory breast cancer. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether radiation therapy with or without olaparib may work better in treating patients with inflammatory breast cancer.
    Location: 147 locations

  • Olaparib in Treating Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Advanced Solid Tumors, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, or Histiocytic Disorders with Defects in DNA Damage Repair Genes (A Pediatric MATCH Treatment Trial)

    This phase II Pediatric MATCH trial studies how well olaparib works in treating patients with solid tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, or histiocytic disorders with defects in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage repair genes that have spread to other places in the body (advanced) and have come back (relapsed) or do not respond to treatment (refractory). Olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
    Location: 110 locations

  • Testing the Addition of an Anticancer Drug, Olaparib, to the Usual Chemotherapy (Temozolomide) for Advanced Neuroendocrine Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well the addition of olaparib to the usual treatment, temozolomide, works in treating patients with neuroendocrine cancer (pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma) that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). PARPs are proteins that help repair DNA mutations. PARP inhibitors, such as olaparib, can keep PARP from working, so tumor cells can't repair themselves, and they may stop growing. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving olaparib with temozolomide may shrink or stabilize the cancer in patients with pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma better than temozolomide alone.
    Location: 53 locations

  • Olaparib with or without Atezolizumab in Treating Patients with Locally Advanced Unresectable or Metastatic Non-HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

    This randomized phase II trial studies how well olaparib with or without atezolizumab work in treating patients with non-HER2-positive breast cancer that has spread from its original site of growth to nearby tissues or lymph nodes and is not amenable to surgical resection (locally advanced unresectable) or has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Olaparib is an inhibitor of PARP, an enzyme that helps repair deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) when it becomes damaged. Blocking PARP may help keep cancer cells from repairing their damaged DNA, causing them to die. PARP inhibitors are a type of targeted therapy. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the tumor, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. It is not known whether giving olaparib with or without atezolizumab will work better in patients with non-HER2-positive breast cancer.
    Location: 47 locations

  • Testing the Addition of Pembrolizumab, an Immunotherapy Cancer Drug to Olaparib Alone as Therapy for Patients with Pancreatic Cancer That Has Spread with Inherited BRCA Mutations

    This phase II trial studies whether adding pembrolizumab to olaparib (standard of care) works better than olaparib alone in treating patients with pancreatic cancer with germline BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). BRCA1 and BRCA2 are human genes that produce tumor suppressor proteins. These proteins help repair damaged deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and, therefore, play a role in ensuring the stability of each cell’s genetic material. When either of these genes is mutated, or altered, such that its protein product is not made or does not function correctly, DNA damage may not be repaired properly. As a result, cells are more likely to develop additional genetic alterations that can lead to some types of cancer, including pancreatic cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Olaparib is an inhibitor of PARP, a protein that helps repair damaged DNA. Blocking PARP may help keep tumor cells from repairing their damaged DNA, causing them to die. PARP inhibitors are a type of targeted therapy. The addition of pembrolizumab to the usual treatment of olaparib may help to shrink tumors in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations.
    Location: 42 locations

  • Olaparib in Treating Patients with Advanced Glioma, Cholangiocarcinoma, or Solid Tumors with IDH1 or IDH2 Mutations

    This phase II trial studies how well olaparib works in treating patients with glioma, cholangiocarcinoma, or solid tumors with IDH1 or IDH2 mutations that have spread to other places in the body (metastatic) and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment (refractory). Olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
    Location: 37 locations

  • Olaparib and Ramucirumab in Treating Patients with Metastatic or Locally Recurrent Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

    This phase I / II trial studies the side effects and best dose of olaparib when given together with ramucirumab and how well they work in treating patients with gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic), has come back (recurrent), or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). Olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as ramucirumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving olaparib and ramucirumab may work better in treating patients with gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer compared to ramucirumab and paclitaxel (a chemotherapy drug) or ramucirumab alone.
    Location: 30 locations

  • I-SPY TRIAL: Neoadjuvant and Personalized Adaptive Novel Agents to Treat Breast Cancer

    The purpose of this study is to further advance the ability to practice personalized medicine by learning which new drug agents are most effective with which types of breast cancer tumors and by learning more about which early indicators of response (tumor analysis prior to surgery via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images along with tissue and blood samples) are predictors of treatment success.
    Location: 20 locations

  • Abiraterone Acetate, Olaparib, and Prednisone in Treating Patients with Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer with DNA Repair Defects

    This partially randomized phase II trial studies how well abiraterone acetate, olaparib, and prednisone work in treating patients with prostate cancer that is resistant to hormones, has spread to other places in the body, and has deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair defects. Abiraterone acetate and olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as prednisone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving abiraterone acetate, olaparib, and prednisone may work better in treating patients with prostate cancer.
    Location: 15 locations

  • Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Olaparib Versus Abiraterone Acetate or Enzalutamide in Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) (MK-7339-010 / KEYLYNK-010)

    The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of the combination of the polyadenosine 5'-diphosphoribose poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib and pembrolizumab in the treatment of participants with mCRPC who have failed to respond to either abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide (but not both) and to chemotherapy. The primary study hypotheses are that the combination of pembrolizumab plus olaparib is superior to abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide with respect to: 1. Overall Survival (OS) and 2. Radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS) per Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG)-modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 as assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR)
    Location: 11 locations

  • A Phase 2 Study of Cediranib in Combination with Olaparib in Advanced Solid Tumors

    This phase II trial studies cediranib maleate in combination with olaparib in treating patients with solid tumors that have spread to other parts of the body (advanced / metastatic) or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable), including breast cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, and pancreatic cancer. Cediranib maleate and olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Cediranib maleate may also block the flow of oxygen to the tumor, and may help make the tumor more sensitive to olaparib.
    Location: 13 locations

  • TAPUR: Testing the Use of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Approved Drugs That Target a Specific Abnormality in a Tumor Gene in People With Advanced Stage Cancer

    The purpose of the study is to learn from the real world practice of prescribing targeted therapies to patients with advanced cancer whose tumor harbors a genomic variant known to be a drug target or to predict sensitivity to a drug. NOTE: Due to character limits, the arms section does NOT include all TAPUR Study relevant biomarkers. For additional information, contact TAPUR@asco.org, or if a patient, your nearest participating TAPUR site (see participating centers). ********************************************************************************************* ********************************************************************************* Results in publication or poster presentation format are posted as they become available for individual cohorts at www.tapur.org / news. The results may be accessed at any time. All results will be made available on clinicaltrials.gov at the end of the study. Indexing of available results on PubMed is in progress. ********************************************************************************************* *********************************************************************************
    Location: 10 locations

  • Testing Olaparib and AZD6738 in IDH1 and IDH2 Mutant Tumors

    This phase II trial studies how well olaparib and ceralasertib (AZD6738) work in treating patients with IDH mutant cholangiocarcinoma or solid tumors. Cancer is caused by changes (mutations) to genes that control the way cells function. Laboratory studies have shown that olaparib and AZD6738 can shrink IDH mutant tumors or stop them from growing. Olaparib and ceralasertib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
    Location: 9 locations

  • Efficacy and Safety of Olaparib (MK-7339) in Participants With Previously Treated, Homologous Recombination Repair Mutation (HRRm) or Homologous Recombination Deficiency (HRD) Positive Advanced Cancer (MK-7339-002 / LYNK-002)

    This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of olaparib (MK-7339) monotherapy in participants with multiple types of advanced cancer (unresectable and / or metastatic) that: 1) have progressed or been intolerant to standard of care therapy; and 2) are positive for homologous recombination repair mutation (HRRm) or homologous recombination deficiency (HRD).
    Location: 9 locations

  • Study of Chemotherapy With Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Followed by Maintenance With Olaparib (MK-7339) for the First-Line Treatment of Women With BRCA Non-mutated Advanced Epithelial Ovarian Cancer (EOC) (MK-7339-001 / KEYLYNK-001 / ENGOT-ov43 / GOG-3036)

    The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of treatment with carboplatin / paclitaxel* PLUS pembrolizumab (MK-3475) and maintenance olaparib (MK-7339) in women with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), fallopian tube cancer, or primary peritoneal cancer. The primary study hypotheses are that the combination of pembrolizumab plus carboplatin / paclitaxel* followed by continued pembrolizumab and maintenance olaparib is superior to carboplatin / paclitaxel alone with respect to Progression Free Survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) and / or Overall Survival (OS), and that the combination of pembrolizumab plus carboplatin / paclitaxel followed by continued pembrolizumab is superior to carboplatin / paclitaxel alone with respect to PFS per RECIST 1.1 and / or OS.
    Location: 8 locations

  • Olaparib and Low Dose Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients with Extensive Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of olaparib when given together with radiation therapy in treating patients with small cell lung cancer that has spread from the original site of growth to other sites (extensive stage). PARPs are proteins that help repair DNA mutations. PARP inhibitors, such as olaparib, can keep PARP from working, so tumor cells can't repair themselves, and they may stop growing. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving olaparib and radiation therapy may work better in treating patients with extensive stage small cell lung cancer.
    Location: 8 locations

  • Cediranib Maleate and Olaparib or Standard Chemotherapy in Treating Patients with Recurrent Platinum-Resistant or -Refractory Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer

    This randomized phase II / III trial studies how well cediranib maleate and olaparib work when given together or separately, and compares them to standard chemotherapy in treating patients with ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer that has returned (recurrent) after receiving chemotherapy with drugs that contain platinum (platinum-resistant) or continued to grow while being treated with platinum-based chemotherapy drugs (platinum-refractory). Cediranib maleate and olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving cediranib maleate and olaparib together may cause more damage to cancer cells when compared to either drug alone or standard chemotherapy.
    Location: 291 locations

  • Olaparib and Durvalumab in Treating Patients with Non-metastatic Prostate Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well combination of olaparib and durvalumab works in treating patients with prostate cancer that has not spread to other places in the body (non-metastatic). Olaparib is an inhibitor of PARP, an enzyme that helps repair deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) when it becomes damaged. Blocking PARP may help keep cancer cells from repairing their damaged DNA, causing them to die. PARP inhibitors are a type of targeted therapy. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving olaparib and durvalumab may work better in treating patients with prostate cancer compared to the usual treatment for this type of disease (antiandrogen therapy or radiation therapy or observation until PSA progression).
    Location: 7 locations

  • Olaparib in Treating Patients with Metastatic or Unresectable Urothelial Cancer with DNA Damage Response Gene Alterations

    This phase II trial studies how well olaparib works in treating patients with urothelial cancer with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage response gene alterations that has spread to other places in the body or cannot be removed by surgery. Olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
    Location: 7 locations

  • Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Combination Therapies in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (MK-3475-365 / KEYNOTE-365)

    The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of pembrolizumab (MK-3475) combination therapy in patients with metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). There will be nine cohorts in this study: Cohort A will receive pembrolizumab + olaparib, Cohort B will receive pembrolizumab + docetaxel + prednisone, Cohort C will receive pembrolizumab + enzalutamide, Cohort D will receive pembrolizumab + abiraterone + prednisone Cohort E will receive pembrolizumab+lenvatinib, Cohort F will receive pembrolizumab+lenvatinib, Cohort G will receive MK-7684A, Cohort H will receive MK-7684A, and Cohort I will receive pembrolizumab+carboplatin+etoposide in Arm 1 and carboplatin+etoposide in Arm 2. Outcome measures will be assessed individually for each cohort.
    Location: 7 locations

  • Durvalumab With or Without Olaparib as Maintenance Therapy After First-Line Treatment of Advanced and Recurrent Endometrial Cancer

    A study to assess the efficacy and safety of durvalumab in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy (paclitaxel + carboplatin) followed by maintenance durvalumab with or without olaparib for patients with newly diagnosed advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer.
    Location: 9 locations

  • Phase II Umbrella Study of Novel Anti-cancer Agents in Patients With NSCLC Who Progressed on an Anti-PD-1 / PD-L1 Containing Therapy

    This is an open-label, multi-centre, umbrella Phase II study in patients with metastatic NSCLC who have progressed on an anti-PD-1 / PD-L1 containing therapy. This study is modular in design, allowing initial assessment of the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of multiple treatment arms.
    Location: 6 locations

  • Study of Olaparib Plus Pembrolizumab Versus Chemotherapy Plus Pembrolizumab After Induction With First-Line Chemotherapy Plus Pembrolizumab in Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) (MK-7339-009 / KEYLYNK-009)

    The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of olaparib (MK-7339) plus pembrolizumab (MK-3475) with chemotherapy plus pembrolizumab after induction with first-line chemotherapy plus pembrolizumab in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). The primary hypotheses are: 1. Olaparib plus pembrolizumab prolongs progression-free survival (PFS) compared with chemotherapy plus pembrolizumab. 2. Olaparib plus pembrolizumab is non-inferior to chemotherapy plus pembrolizumab in terms of overall survival (OS). 3. Olaparib plus pembrolizumab prolongs OS compared with chemotherapy plus pembrolizumab.
    Location: 5 locations

  • Study of Olaparib (MK-7339) in Combination With Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in the Treatment of Homologous Recombination Repair Mutation (HRRm) and / or Homologous Recombination Deficiency (HRD)-Positive Advanced Cancer (MK-7339-007 / KEYLYNK-007)

    The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of treatment with olaparib (MK-7339) in combination with pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in adults with previously treated, advanced (metastatic and / or unresectable) Homologous Recombination Repair Mutation (HRRm) and / or Homologous Recombination Deficiency (HRD)-positive solid tumors.
    Location: 7 locations

  • Olaparib in Treating Patients with Metastatic or Advanced Urothelial Cancer with DNA-Repair Defects

    This phase II trial studies how well olaparib works in treating patients with urothelial cancer with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-repair defects that has spread to other places in the body (advanced or metastatic) and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment. PARPs are proteins that help repair DNA mutations. PARP inhibitors, such as olaparib, can keep PARP from working, so tumor cells can't repair themselves, and they may stop growing.
    Location: 7 locations


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