Questions About Cancer? 1-800-4-CANCER

Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia/Other Myeloid Malignancies Treatment (PDQ®)

Patient Version
Last Modified: 06/05/2014

Stages of Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Other Myeloid Malignancies



Once childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

The extent or spread of cancer is usually described as stages. In childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the subtype of AML and whether the leukemia has spread outside the blood and bone marrow are used, instead of the stage, to plan treatment.

The following tests and procedures may be used to determine if the leukemia has spread:

There is no standard staging system for childhood AML, childhood chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML), transient myeloproliferative disorder (TMD), or myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).

Childhood AML is described as newly diagnosed, in remission, or recurrent.

Newly diagnosed childhood AML

Newly diagnosed childhood AML has not been treated except to relieve signs and symptoms such as fever, bleeding, or pain, and one of the following is true:

Childhood AML in remission

In childhood AML in remission, the disease has been treated and the following are true: