Clinical Trials Using Pembrolizumab

Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. The clinical trials on this list are studying Pembrolizumab. All trials on the list are supported by NCI.

NCI’s basic information about clinical trials explains the types and phases of trials and how they are carried out. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. You may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Talk to your doctor for help in deciding if one is right for you.

Trials 1-25 of 476
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  • Testing the Timing of Pembrolizumab Alone or With Chemotherapy as First Line Treatment and Maintenance in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

    This phase III trial studies whether pembrolizumab alone as a first-line treatment, followed by pemetrexed and carboplatin with or without pembrolizumab after disease progression is superior to induction with pembrolizumab, pemetrexed and carboplatin followed by pembrolizumab and pemetrexed maintenance in treating patients with stage IV non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as pemetrexed and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving first-line pembrolizumab followed by pemetrexed and carboplatin with or without pembrolizumab works better in treating patients with non-squamous non-small cell cancer.
    Location: 878 locations

  • Testing MK-3475 (Pembrolizumab) after Surgery for Localized Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer and Locally Advanced Urothelial Cancer

    This randomized phase III trial studies how well pembrolizumab works in treating patients with bladder cancer that has spread into the deep muscle of the bladder wall (muscle-invasive) or urothelial cancer that has spread from where it started to nearby tissue or lymph nodes (locally advanced). Monoclonal antibodies recognizing and blocking checkpoint molecules can enhance the patient’s immune response and therefore help fight cancer. Pembrolizumab is one of the monoclonal antibodies that block the PD-1 axis and can interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow.
    Location: 798 locations

  • A Study to Compare the Administration of Pembrolizumab after Surgery Versus Administration both before and after Surgery for High-Risk Melanoma

    This phase II trial studies how pembrolizumab works before and after surgery in treating patients with stage III-IV high-risk melanoma. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving pembrolizumab before and after surgery may work better compared to after surgery alone in treating melanoma.
    Location: 737 locations

  • Testing MK-3475 (Pembrolizumab) as Adjuvant Therapy for Triple Receptor-Negative Breast Cancer

    This randomized phase III trial studies how well pembrolizumab works in treating patients with triple-negative breast cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
    Location: 822 locations

  • Targeted Treatment (Ramucirumab Plus Pembrolizumab) for Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (A Lung-MAP Non-Matched Treatment Trial)

    This phase II Lung-MAP Non-Matched treatment trial studies how well ramucirumab and pembrolizumab work versus standard of care in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer that is stage IV or has come back (recurrent). Ramucirumab is a monoclonal antibody that attaches to and inhibits a molecule called VEGFR-2. This may restrain new blood vessel formation therefore reducing nutrient supply to tumor which may interfere with tumor cell growth and expansion. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in standard of care chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer, such as docetaxel, gemcitabine hydrochloride, and pemetrexed, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving ramucirumab and pembrolizumab together may work better in treating patients with non-small lung cancer compared to standard of care.
    Location: 872 locations

  • Testing the Addition of a Type of Drug Called Immunotherapy to the Usual Chemotherapy Treatment for Non-small Cell Lung Cancer, ALCHEMIST Chemo-IO Study

    This phase III ALCHEMIST trial compares the addition of pembrolizumab to usual chemotherapy versus usual chemotherapy for the treatment of stage IB, II, or IIIA non-small cell lung cancer that has been removed by surgery. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, pemetrexed, carboplatin, gemcitabine hydrochloride, and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. The purpose of this trial is to find out if the addition of pembrolizumab to usual chemotherapy is better or worse than usual chemotherapy alone for non-small cell lung cancer.
    Location: 468 locations

  • Pembrolizumab Compared to Standard of Care Observation in Treating Patients with Completely Resected Stage I-III Merkel Cell Cancer, STAMP Study

    This phase III trial studies how well pembrolizumab works compared to standard of care observation in treating patients with stage I-III Merkel cell cancer that has been completely removed by surgery (resected). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
    Location: 418 locations

  • Comparing Standard Treatment Alone to Radiation Therapy with or without Surgery with Standard Treatment for Patients with Limited Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

    This randomized phase II / III trial studies how well giving maintenance chemotherapy with or without local consolidation therapy works in treating patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer. Drugs used in maintenance chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, pemetrexed disodium, and gemcitabine work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Local consolidation therapy such as radiation / stereotactic body radiation or surgery may kill cancer cells left after initial treatment. Giving maintenance chemotherapy and local consolidation therapy together may work better than maintenance chemotherapy alone in treating patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer.
    Location: 229 locations

  • Testing Pembrolizumab with Existing Cancer Therapy in Patients with Evidence of Residual Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

    This phase II trial studies how well pembrolizumab and dasatinib, imatinib mesylate, nilotinib, or bosutinib work in treating patients with chronic myeloid leukemia and persistent detection of minimal residual disease, defined as the levels of a gene product called bcr-abl in the blood. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Dasatinib, imatinib mesylate, nilotinib, and bosutinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving pembrolizumab and dasatinib, imatinib mesylate, nilotinib, or bosutinib may work better in treating patients with chronic myeloid leukemia compared to dasatinib, imatinib mesylate, nilotinib, or bosutinib alone.
    Location: 233 locations

  • Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients with Desmoplastic Melanoma That Can or Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

    This pilot phase II trial studies how well pembrolizumab works in treating patients with desmoplastic melanoma (DM) that can be removed by surgery (resectable) or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
    Location: 204 locations

  • Testing the Addition of the Immunotherapy Drug, Pembrolizumab, to the Usual Radiation Treatment for Newly Diagnosed Early Stage High Intermediate Risk Endometrial Cancer

    This phase III trial compares whether the addition of pembrolizumab to radiation therapy is more effective than radiation therapy alone in reducing the risk of cancer coming back (recurrence) in patients with newly diagnosed stage I-II endometrial cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. The addition of pembrolizumab to radiation treatment may be more effective than radiation treatment alone in reducing cancer recurrence.
    Location: 54 locations

  • Safety and Efficacy of Pembrolizumab Compared to Placebo in Resected High-risk Stage II Melanoma (MK-3475-716 / KEYNOTE-716)

    This 2-part study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of pembrolizumab (MK-3475) compared to placebo in participants with surgically resected high-risk Stage II melanoma. Participants in Part 1 will receive either pembrolizumab or placebo in a double-blind design for up to 17 cycles. Participants who receive placebo or who stop treatment after receiving 17 cycles of pembrolizumab in Part 1, do not experience disease recurrence within 6 months of completing pembrolizumab in Part 1, and do not stop treatment with pembrolizumab for disease recurrence or intolerability, may be eligible to receive up to 35 additional cycles of pembrolizumab in Part 2 in an open-label design. The primary hypothesis of this study is that pembrolizumab increases recurrence-free survival (RFS) compared to placebo.
    Location: 27 locations

  • Pembrolizumab with or without Anetumab Ravtansine in Treating Patients with Mesothelin-Positive Pleural Mesothelioma

    This randomized phase I / II trial studies the side effects and how well pembrolizumab with or without anetumab ravtansine work in treating patients with mesothelin-positive pleural mesothelioma. Monoclonal antibodies, such as anetumab ravtansine and pembrolizumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
    Location: 23 locations

  • Study of Pembrolizumab Given Prior to Surgery and in Combination With Radiotherapy Given Post-surgery for Advanced Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (MK-3475-689)

    This is a randomized, active-controlled, open-label study of pembrolizumab (Pembro) given prior to surgery and pembrolizumab in combination with standard of care radiotherapy (with or without cisplatin), as post-surgical therapy in treatment naïve participants with newly diagnosed Stage III / IVA, resectable, locoregionally advanced, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (LA-HNSCC). Efficacy outcomes will be stratified by programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) combined positive score (CPS) status. The primary hypothesis is that pembrolizumab given before surgery and after surgery in combination with radiotherapy (with or without cisplatin) improves major pathological response and event-free survival compared to radiotherapy (with or without cisplatin) given after surgery alone.
    Location: 22 locations

  • Long-term Safety and Efficacy Extension Study for Participants With Advanced Tumors Who Are Currently on Treatment or in Follow-up in a Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Study (MK-3475-587 / KEYNOTE-587)

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in participants from previous Merck pembrolizumab-based parent studies who roll-over into this extension study. This study will consist of three phases: 1) First Course Phase, 2) Survival Follow-up Phase or 3) Second Course Phase. Each participant will roll-over to this extension study in one of the following three phases, depending on the study phase they were in at the completion of the parent study. Participants who were in the First Course Phase of study treatment in their parent study will enter the First Course Phase of this study and complete up to 35 cycles of study treatment with pembrolizumab or a pembrolizumab-based combination. Participants who were in the Follow-up Phase in the parent study (post-treatment or Survival Follow-up Phase) will enter the Survival Follow-up Phase of this study. Participants who were in the Second Course Phase in their parent study will enter Second Course Phase of this study and complete up to 17 cycles of study treatment with pembrolizumab or a pembrolizumab-based combination. Any participant originating from a parent trial where crossover to pembrolizumab was permitted upon disease progression may be eligible for 35 doses (approximately 2 years) of pembrolizumab, if they progress while on the control arm and pembrolizumab is approved for the indication in the country where the potential eligible crossover participant is being evaluated.
    Location: 22 locations

  • A Study of Enfortumab Vedotin Alone or With Other Therapies for Treatment of Urothelial Cancer

    This study will test an experimental drug (enfortumab vedotin) alone and with different combinations of anticancer therapies. Pembrolizumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor (CPI) that is used to treat patients with cancer of the urinary system (urothelial cancer). This type of cancer includes cancer of the bladder, renal pelvis, ureter or urethra. Some parts of the study will look at locally-advanced and metastatic urothelial cancer, which means the cancer has spread to nearby tissues or to other areas of the body. Other parts of the study will look at muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), which is cancer at an earlier stage that has spread into the muscle wall of the bladder. This study will look at the side effects of enfortumab vedotin alone and with other anticancer therapies. A side effect is a response to a drug that is not part of the treatment effect. This study will also test if the cancer shrinks with the different treatment combinations.
    Location: 21 locations

  • A Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Pediatric Participants With an Advanced Solid Tumor or Lymphoma (MK-3475-051 / KEYNOTE-051)

    This is a two-part study of pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in pediatric participants who have any of the following types of cancer: - advanced melanoma (6 months to <18 years of age), - advanced, relapsed or refractory programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive malignant solid tumor or other lymphoma (6 months to <18 years of age), - relapsed or refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (rrcHL) (3 years to <18 years of age), or - advanced relapsed or refractory microsatellite-instability-high (MSI-H) solid tumors (6 months to <18 years of age). Part 1 will find the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) / maximum administered dose (MAD), confirm the dose, and find the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) for pembrolizumab therapy. Part 2 will further evaluate the safety and efficacy at the pediatric RP2D. The primary hypothesis of this study is that intravenous (IV) administration of pembrolizumab to children with either advanced melanoma; a PD-L1 positive advanced, relapsed or refractory solid tumor or other lymphoma; advanced, relapsed or refractory MSI-H solid tumor; or rrcHL, will result in an Objective Response Rate (ORR) greater than 10% for at least one of these types of cancer. With Amendment 8, enrollment of participants with solid tumors and of participants aged 6 months to <12 years with melanoma were closed. Enrollment of participants aged ≥12 years to ≤18 years with melanoma continues. Enrollment of participants with MSI-H solid tumors also continues.
    Location: 19 locations

  • Tazemetostat and Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients with Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

    This phase I / II trial studies the side effects and best dose of tazemetostat and how well it works when given together with pembrolizumab in treating patients with urothelial carcinoma that has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes or other places in the body (locally advanced / metastatic). Tazemetostat may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving tazemetostat and pembrolizumab may work better in treating patients with urothelial carcinoma compared to pembrolizumab without tazemetostat.
    Location: 18 locations

  • Talimogene Laherparepvec and Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients with Stage III-IV Melanoma

    This phase II trial studies how well talimogene laherparepvec and pembrolizumab work in treating patients with stage III-IV melanoma. Biological therapies, such as talimogene laherparepvec, use substances made from living organisms that may stimulate or suppress the immune system in different ways and stop tumor cells from growing. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving talimogene laherparepvec and pembrolizumab may work better in treating patients with melanoma by shrinking the tumor.
    Location: 19 locations

  • Testing the Safety and Efficacy of the Combination of the Antibody Pembrolizumab and Entinostat in Patients with Myelodysplastic Syndrome Who Are Not Responding to Hypomethylating Agents

    This phase Ib trial studies the side effects and best dose of entinostat when given together with pembrolizumab in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome after deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methyltransferase inhibitor (DNMTi) therapy failure. Entinostat may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving entinostat together with pembrolizumab may work better in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome after DNMTi therapy failure.
    Location: 18 locations

  • Phase 1 / 2 Study of MRTX849 in Patients With Cancer Having a KRAS G12C Mutation KRYSTAL-1

    This study will evaluate the safety, tolerability, drug levels, molecular effects, and clinical activity of MRTX849 in patients with advanced solid tumors that have a KRAS G12C mutation.
    Location: 19 locations

  • Safety and Efficacy of IMCgp100 Versus Investigator Choice in Advanced Uveal Melanoma

    To evaluate the overall survival of HLA-A*0201 positive adult patients with previously untreated advanced UM receiving IMCgp100 compared to Investigator's Choice of dacarbazine, ipilimumab, or pembrolizumab.
    Location: 16 locations

  • I-SPY 2 TRIAL: Neoadjuvant and Personalized Adaptive Novel Agents to Treat Breast Cancer

    The purpose of this study is to further advance the ability to practice personalized medicine by learning which new drug agents are most effective with which types of breast cancer tumors and by learning more about which early indicators of response (tumor analysis prior to surgery via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images along with tissue and blood samples) are predictors of treatment success.
    Location: 17 locations

  • Pembrolizumab Versus Placebo Following Surgery and Radiation in Participants With Locally Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma (MK-3475-630 / KEYNOTE-630)

    This is a randomized, double-blind, study that compares pembrolizumab with placebo given as adjuvant therapy in participants with high-risk locally advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (LA cSCC) that have undergone surgery with curative intent in combination with radiotherapy. The primary hypothesis is that pembrolizumab is superior to placebo in increasing recurrence free survival (RFS).
    Location: 15 locations

  • Pilot Immunotherapy Study With Autologous T-cells Specific for NY-ESO-1 / LAGE-1a-positive Advanced NSCLC Either Alone or in Combination With Pembrolizumab

    Adoptive T-cell therapy (ACT) is a therapeutic approach that uses T lymphocytes of participants with cancer, obtained by leukapheresis with the aim of generating an anti-tumor T-cell immune response. New York esophageal squamous cell carcinoma 1 (NY-ESO-1) and cancer testis antigen 2 (LAGE-1a) antigens are tumor-associated proteins that have been found in several tumor types. Clinical trials using ACT with T-cells directed against NY-ESO-1 / LAGE-1a have shown objective responses in participants with cancer. Pembrolizumab is a monoclonal antibody that acts specifically on tumor targeting T-cells and increases T-cell anti-tumor function. Pembrolizumab will be used in combination with NY-ESO-1 / LAGE-1a T Cell Receptors (TCR) engineered participant T-cells (GSK3377794) to potentially further improve therapy for participants. The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of autologous genetically modified T-cells (GSK3377794) in human leukocyte antigen (HLA) positive participants with NY-ES0-1 / LAGE-1a positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) alone (Arm A) or GSK3377794 in combination with pembrolizumab in participants with NSCLC with wildtype epidermal growth factor receptor (WT EGFR) and WT anaplastic lymphoma kinase / c-ros oncogene 1 (ALK / ROS1) (Arm B) and participants with NSCLC with EGFR or ALK / ROS1 aberration (Arm C). This study consists of screening phase, Leukapheresis / GSK3377794 manufacture, lymphodepletion / treatment phase and follow-up. Participants will receive GSK3377794 as monotherapy (Arm A); or as a combination therapy with pembrolizumab (Arm B), and participants in Arm C will receive the same treatment as participants in the Arm B. Approximately 54 participants will be enrolled into the study.
    Location: 13 locations


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