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Pazopanib and Abexinostat in Treating Patients with Metastatic Solid Tumors

Trial Status: Active

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of pazopanib and abexinostat in treating patients with solid tumors that have spread to other parts of the body. Pazopanib and abexinostat may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Inclusion Criteria

  • Patients must provide written informed consent prior to performance of study-specific procedures or assessments, and must be willing to adhere with treatment and follow-up
  • Phase Ia: Patients must have histologically or cytologically documented metastatic solid tumor malignancies
  • Phase Ib: Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed locally advanced, solid tumor malignancies of one of the following tumor types: * Renal cell carcinoma (N = 20 patients) (Cohort A) * Non-anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (N = 20 patients) (Cohort B) ** Documentation of histology from a primary or metastatic site is allowed * Soft tissue sarcoma (N = 20 patients) (Cohort C); patients must have progressed in a prior line of therapy * Ovarian carcinoma (N = 20 patients) (Cohort D)
  • Measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
  • Phase Ia: Patients may have de novo metastatic disease, or documented progression despite any number of prior therapies; patients must have no curative or other effective therapeutic options available
  • Phase Ib: Patients may have had any number of prior treatments, or prior pazopanib
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
  • Resolution of all chemotherapy or radiation-related toxicities to grade 1 severity or lower except for alopecia
  • Patient must be at least 4 weeks or five half-lives (whichever is shorter) from last standard or experimental therapy, except: * Patients who have received prior pazopanib are eligible but must not have received it in the last two weeks
  • Patients must be at least 28 days from last radiation therapy dose, surgery, or tumor embolization prior to the first dose of pazopanib/PCI-24781
  • A female is eligible to enter and participate in this study if she is of: * Non-childbearing potential (i.e., physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant), including any female who has had: ** A hysterectomy ** A bilateral oophorectomy (ovariectomy) ** A bilateral tubal ligation ** Is post-menopausal ** Subjects not using hormone replacement therapy (HRT) must have experienced total cessation of menses for >= 1 year and be greater than 45 years in age, OR, in questionable cases, have a follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) value > 40 mIU/mL and an estradiol value < 40 pg/mL (< 140 pmol/L); subjects using HRT must have experienced total cessation of menses for >= 1 year and be greater than 45 years of age OR have had documented evidence of menopause based on FSH and estradiol concentrations prior to initiation of HRT * Childbearing potential, including any female who has had a negative serum pregnancy test within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment, preferably as close to the first dose as possible, and agrees to use adequate contraception; Novartis Pharmaceuticals acceptable contraceptive methods, when used consistently and in accordance with both the product label and the instructions of the physician, are as follow: ** Complete abstinence from sexual intercourse for 14 days before exposure to investigational product, through the dosing period, and for at least 21 days after the last dose of investigational product ** Oral contraceptive, either combined or progestogen alone ** Injectable progestogen ** Estrogenic vaginal ring ** Percutaneous contraceptive patches ** Intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS) with a documented failure rate of less than 1% per year ** Male partner sterilization (vasectomy with documentation of azoospermia) prior to the female subject's entry into the study, and this male is the sole partner for that subject ** Double barrier method: condom and an occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with a vaginal spermicidal agent (foam/gel/film/cream/suppository); female subjects who are lactating should discontinue nursing prior to the first dose of study drug and should refrain from nursing throughout the treatment period and for 14 days following the last dose of study drug
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 X 10^9/L
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (5.6 mmol/L); subjects may not have had a transfusion within 7 days of screening assessment
  • Platelets >= 100 X 10^9/L
  • Prothrombin time (PT) or international normalized ratio =< 1.2 X upper limit of normal (ULN); subjects receiving anticoagulant therapy are eligible if their international normalized ratio (INR) is within the recommended range for the desired level of anticoagulation
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.2 X ULN
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN; patients with increased bilirubin due to Gilberts disease will not be excluded, if increased bilirubin is the only protocol exclusion criteria met
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 X ULN; concomitant elevations in bilirubin and AST/ALT above 1.0 x ULN (upper limit of normal) are not permitted
  • Serum creatinine < 1.5 x ULN OR
  • If > 1.5 mg/dL, calculated creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min
  • Urine protein to creatinine ratio (UPC) < 1; if UPC >= 1, then a 24-hour urine protein must be assessed; subjects must have a 24-hour urine protein value < 1 g to be eligible

Exclusion Criteria

  • Patients with other primary malignancies receiving active treatment at the time of study entry, other than carcinoma in situ of the cervix, non-melanoma skin cancer, non-muscle invasive bladder cancer
  • History or clinical evidence of central nervous system (CNS) metastases or leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, except for individuals who have previously-treated CNS metastases
  • Clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may increase the risk for gastrointestinal bleeding including, but not limited to: * Active peptic ulcer disease * Known intraluminal metastatic lesion/s with risk of bleeding * Inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease), or other gastrointestinal conditions with increased risk of perforation * History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 28 days prior to beginning study treatment
  • Clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may affect absorption of investigational product including, but not limited to: * Malabsorption syndrome * Major resection of the stomach or small bowel
  • Presence of active hepatitis C virus (HCV) or hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or other uncontrolled systemic infection
  • Corrected QT interval (QTc) > 480 msecs using Bazett’s formula
  • Concurrent use of medications that are known to prolong cause QT prolongation
  • History of any one or more of the following cardiovascular conditions within the past 6 months: * Cardiac angioplasty or stenting * Myocardial infarction * Unstable angina * Coronary artery bypass graft surgery * Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease
  • Class III or IV congestive heart failure, as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA)
  • Poorly controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure [SBP] of >= 160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure [DBP] of >= 100 mmHg); Note: Initiation or adjustment of antihypertensive medication(s) is permitted prior to study entry; blood pressure (BP) must be re-assessed on two occasions that are separated by a minimum of 1 hour; on each of these occasions, the mean (of 3 readings) SBP/DBP values from each BP assessment must be < 160/100 mmHg in order for a subject to be eligible for the study
  • History of cerebrovascular accident, including transient ischemic attack (TIA)
  • History of pulmonary embolism or untreated deep venous thrombosis (DVT) within the past 6 months; Note: Patients with recent DVT who have been treated with therapeutic anticoagulation including Coumadin or any low molecular weight heparin for at least 6 weeks are eligible
  • Prior major surgery or trauma within 28 days prior to first dose of study drug and/or presence of any non-healing wound, fracture, or ulcer (procedures such as catheter placement not considered to be major)
  • Evidence of active bleeding or bleeding diathesis
  • Any serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric, or other condition that could interfere with subject’s safety, provision of informed consent, or compliance to study procedures
  • Unable or unwilling to discontinue use of prohibited medications for at least 14 days or five half-lives of a drug (whichever is shorter) prior to the first dose of study drug and for the duration of the study


San Francisco
UCSF Medical Center-Mount Zion
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Pamela N. Munster
Phone: 415-885-7810
University of California San Francisco
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Pamela N. Munster
Phone: 415-885-7810


I. Determine the safety, tolerability and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of pazopanib in combination with abexinostat (PCI-24781) in patients with advanced solid tumors.


I. Characterize the pharmacokinetics of PCI-24781, pazopanib and the combination of the two drugs.

II. Evaluate preliminary efficacy using clinical benefit rate = complete response (CR) + partial response (PR) + stable disease (SD), objective response proportion, and progression-free survival.


I. Explore the relationship of changes in expression levels of histone acetylation in blood and expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) in plasma in responders and non-responders.

II. Explore variations of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in relationship to potential toxicities.

III. Explore variations in somatic mutation allele frequencies detected from circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and relationship to response and development of therapeutic resistance.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

Patients receive pazopanib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28 and abexinostat PO twice daily (BID) on days 1-3, 1-4, or 1-5, days 8-10, 8-11, or 8-12, and days 15-17, 15-18, or 15-19. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 10 years.

Trial Phase Phase I

Trial Type Treatment

Lead Organization
University of California San Francisco

Principal Investigator
Pamela N. Munster

  • Primary ID 11955
  • Secondary IDs NCI-2012-01142, 11-08017, UCSF Protocol No. 11955
  • ID NCT01543763