Outpatient Induction Chemotherapy in Treating Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Advanced Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Status: Closed to Accrual


This pilot clinical trial studies the feasibility of having induction chemotherapy in an outpatient setting. Patients with acute leukemia (AML) or advanced myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), at least 18 years of age will be examined. Treating eligible patients with induction chemotherapy in an outpatient setting may save in healthcare cost and improve a patients’ quality of life.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Signed written informed consent * The signed informed consent * The benefits/risks of the induction chemotherapy regimen will be reviewed, and a second consent may be necessary if the regimen will be administered according to a separate protocol
  • AML (acute promyelocytic leukemia [APL] excepted) or high-risk MDS (10-19% blasts in marrow by morphology or flow cytometry or blood)
  • Treatment-related mortality (TRM) score < 9.21 corresponding to a TRM rate of 3% when chemotherapy of similar intensity as proposed here is administered to inpatients
  • Blast count =< 10,000
  • Fibrinogen > 200
  • Afebrile with clear chest imaging and no signs of active viral, bacterial, fungal infection unless determined to be, at the discretion of the investigator, not clinically significant in the context of this study
  • Adequate cardiac function as demonstrated by left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 45% or greater, by multiple gated acquisition (MUGA) or echocardiogram; no ongoing cardiac issues such as uncontrolled arrhythmias or unstable angina or congestive heart failure
  • Patient must have an outpatient caregiver available
  • Patient must live within 30 minutes of the treating physician’s office during outpatient treatment
  • Patient must be willing to return to the treating physician’s office for outpatient follow-up once outpatient treatment is completed
  • Logistical requirements: * Space available in infusion room * Outpatient infusion pump available if continuous infusion required * Case discussed with infusion room nursing staff

Locations & Contacts

See trial information on ClinicalTrials.gov for a list of participating sites.

Trial Objectives and Outline


I. Assess the feasibility of outpatient induction therapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or advanced myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) by examining whether > 50% of patients treated as outpatients can complete chemotherapy without being admitted to hospital or < 5% of patients die within 14 days of beginning outpatient chemotherapy.


Patients receive outpatient induction chemotherapy.

Trial Phase & Type

Trial Phase

No phase specified

Trial Type


Lead Organization

Lead Organization
Fred Hutch / University of Washington Cancer Consortium

Principal Investigator
Pamela Sue Becker

Trial IDs

Primary ID 7910
Secondary IDs NCI-2013-00483
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT01807091