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Ruxolitinib Phosphate in Treating Patients with Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia or Atypical Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

Trial Status: Closed to Accrual

This phase II trial studies how well ruxolitinib phosphate works in treating patients with chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL) or atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML). Ruxolitinib phosphate may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cells to reproduce. This trial also studies the genetic makeup of patients. Certain genes in cancer cells may determine how the cancer grows or spreads and how it may respond to different drugs. Studying how the genes associated with CNL and aCML respond to the study drug may help doctors learn more about CNL and aCML and improve the treatment for these diseases.

Inclusion Criteria

  • Subjects must be newly diagnosed or previously diagnosed with CNL or aCML; all patients must have a bone marrow biopsy completed during the screening or baseline period if one has not been done within 90 days of day 1, cycle one
  • Subjects must have platelet count greater than 25,000 per microliter at baseline and at the start of study (day 1, cycle 1) visit
  • Subjects must be able to discontinue any drug treatment aimed at lowering disease burden in CNL or aCML; subjects should discontinue hydroxyurea to treat underlying CNL or aCML disease no later than day -7 (one week before starting ruxolitinib); for drugs that have more long-lasting effects on the marrow, such as thalidomide and its analogs, and interferon, subjects should discontinue these no later than day -28
  • Subjects must be willing to accept/continue transfusions to treat low hemoglobin levels
  • Subjects must have a life expectancy of > 6 months

Exclusion Criteria

  • Subjects unable to review and sign informed consent form
  • Females who are pregnant or breastfeeding, and males and females who cannot comply with requirements to avoid fathering a child or becoming pregnant
  • Subjects with known diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or chronic active Hepatitis B or C; viral testing is not required; subjects with a history of Hepatitis B and/or C are allowed on trial if the virus is undetected at the time of enrollment
  • Subjects with inadequate liver (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]/serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT] above 4 X upper limit of normal [ULN] or direct bilirubin 4 X ULN AND the lab abnormalities are felt to be due to underlying liver dysfunction)
  • Subjects with end stage renal function (creatinine clearance [CrCl] < 15 mL/min or glomerular filtration rate [GFR] <15 mL/min) regardless of whether hemodialysis is required
  • Subjects with clinically serious infections requiring ongoing antibiotic therapy
  • Subjects with severe (immediately life threatening) and recent (occurring within the last 3 months) cardiac dysfunction, pulmonary dysfunction, esophageal variceal bleeding, hemorrhagic strokes, or intracranial hemorrhage are not eligible for study participation
  • Subjects requiring therapeutic doses of anticoagulation or anti-platelet therapies (aspirin above 81 mg daily, Plavix or similar agents) AND platelet counts are below 50,000 on two different laboratory evaluations, separated by minimum of two weeks
  • Taking investigational or commercial agents or therapies with the intent to treat the subject's malignancy other than those therapies permitted
  • Subjects with invasive malignancy over the previous 2 years except treated early stage carcinomas of the skin, completely resected intraepithelial carcinoma of the cervix, and completely resected papillary thyroid and follicular thyroid cancers
  • Previous allergic reactions to janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors or excipients
  • Prior therapy with ruxolitinib or other JAK inhibitors
  • Subjects who have had major surgery within 4 weeks prior to entering the study
  • Subjects who are anticipated to receive a transplant within the first 6 months of treatment on trial


Palo Alto
Stanford Cancer Institute Palo Alto
Contact: Jason Gotlib
Phone: 650-736-1253


Emory University Hospital / Winship Cancer Institute
Contact: Elliott F. Winton
Phone: 404-778-4755


Saint Louis
Washington University School of Medicine
Contact: Stephen Oh
Phone: 314-362-8846


OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
Contact: Kim-Hien Dao
Phone: 503-494-7894


UT Southwestern / Simmons Cancer Center-Dallas
Contact: Robert Howard Collins
Phone: 214-648-4155
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Contact: Jorge Eduardo Cortes
Phone: 713-794-5783


Salt Lake City
Huntsman Cancer Institute / University of Utah
Contact: Michael Werner Nikolaus Deininger
Phone: 801-213-5684


I. To determine the proportion of patients with chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL) and atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML) who have a hematologic response to ruxolitinib (ruxolitinib phosphate) (partial response [PR], complete response [CR], complete response, partial [CRp]).


I. To determine the frequency of grade 3 or 4 hematologic and non-hematologic adverse events experienced by subjects during therapy with ruxolitinib.

II. To determine whether hematologic responses correlate with certain types of mutations in colony stimulating factor 3 receptor (CSF3R) and reduction in mutant CSF3R allele burden in the peripheral blood.

III. To determine the maximum clinical responses for each subject and the median duration of maximum clinical responses.

IV. To determine the mean % reduction of spleen size, estimated by volume using the conventional prolate ellipsoid method as measured by ultrasound compare to baseline.

V. To determine the mean % reduction of total symptom score as measured by a modified Myeloproliferative Neoplasm Symptom Assessment Form version 2.0 (MPN-SAF) compared to start of study (day 1, cycle 1).

VI. To determine overall survival in subjects who complete a minimum of 1 dose of study drug.

VII. To determine the proportion of subjects who discontinue after completion of > 3 cycles but < 6 cycles.

VIII. To determine the proportion of subjects who discontinue prior to completion of cycle 3.


Patients receive ruxolitinib phosphate orally (PO) every other day, once daily (QD), or twice daily (BID) on days 1-28. Each patient will be followed for a maximum of 96 weeks (24 cycles, 1 cycle is 4 weeks long). If the study drug continues to be effective, the patient may be eligible to continue on study drug past 24 cycles.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up within 2 weeks and at 4-6 weeks.

Trial Phase Phase II

Trial Type Treatment

Lead Organization
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute

Principal Investigator
Kim-Hien Dao

  • Primary ID IRB00010262
  • Secondary IDs NCI-2014-00633, 10262
  • ID NCT02092324