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Romidepsin and Lenalidomide in Treating Patients with Previously Untreated Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma

Trial Status: Closed to Accrual

The purpose of this study is to evaluate how safe and effective the combination of the study drugs romidepsin and lenalidomide is for treating patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) who have not been previously treated for this cancer. Currently, there is no standard treatment for patients with PTCL; the most common treatment used is a combination of drugs called CHOP, but this can be a difficult treatment to tolerate because of side effects, and is not particularly effective for most patients with PTCL. Romidepsin (Istodax) is a type of drug called an HDAC inhibitor. It interacts with DNA (genetic material in cells) in ways that can stop tumors from growing. It is given as an infusion through the veins. Lenalidomide (Revlimid) is a type of drug known as an immunomodulatory drug, or IMID for short. This drug affects how tumor cells grow and survive, including affecting blood vessel growth in tumors. It is given as an oral tablet (by mouth).

Inclusion Criteria

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of PTCL (using the most recent edition of the World Health Organization [WHO] Classification of Tumors of Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues as guidance) including: * Anaplastic large cell lymphoma, anaplastic large cell kinase (ALK)-negative * Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma * Enteropathy-type T-cell lymphoma * Hepatosplenic gamma-delta T-cell lymphoma * Peripheral T-cell lymphoma, unspecified (not otherwise specified [NOS]) * Transformed mycosis fungoides * Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma * Adult T-cell lymphoma/leukemia (ATLL) in need of systemic therapy * NOTE: patients with adequate archived (well-preserved, formalin-fixed) biopsy tissue remaining will be required to submit a portion for exploratory studies; this is not optional if tissue is available; however, lack of adequate tissue for exploratory studies will not preclude patients from participating
  • Patients must have bi-dimensionally measurable disease (>= 1 cm) by CT imaging * NOTE: patients with marrow-only disease are eligible; response for these patients will be assessed by repeat bone marrow biopsy
  • Patients must fit into one of the following categories: * Age >= 18 years to < 60 years with a cumulative illness rating scale (CIRS) score >= 6 OR deemed ineligible for cytotoxic chemotherapy by the treating investigator * >= 60 years
  • Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function (documented within 14 days prior to registration) as outlined below: * Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 750/mcl * Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dl * Platelets >= 50,000/mcl * Total bilirubin =< 2 x upper limit normal (ULN) * Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum pyruvate glutamate transaminase [SPGT]) =< 3 x ULN * Creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min
  • Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2
  • All patients must agree to use effective contraception while on study, and all patients must agree to undergo counseling sessions every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure * Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control: one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before starting lenalidomide, during lenalidomide therapy, during dose interruptions, and for at least 28 days following discontinuation of lenalidomide therapy * Males receiving lenalidomide must agree to use a latex condom during any sexual contact with FCBPs even if they have undergone a successful vasectomy * NOTE: a FCBP is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria: ** Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy ** Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months) * FCBP should be referred to a qualified provider of contraceptive methods, if needed
  • FCPB must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to registration, and be willing to adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing as required in the Revlimid Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS) program * NOTE: should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Patients must be free of any prior malignancies for >= 1 year at the investigator’s discretion * NOTE: the exception to this would be currently treated squamous cell and basal cell carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, breast, or bladder, or surgically removed melanoma in situ of the skin (stage 0) with histologically confirmed free margins of excision
  • All study participants must be registered into the mandatory Revlimid REMS program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of the REMS program
  • Patients must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent prior to registration

Exclusion Criteria

  • Patients with a diagnosis of any of the following are not eligible: * Anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALK-positive * Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma, primary cutaneous type * Precursor T-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia * Mycosis fungoides/Sezary syndrome (except transformed mycosis fungoides [MF]) * Natural killer (NK)-cell leukemia * T-cell granular lymphocytic leukemia * T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia
  • Patients must not have received prior systemic therapy for PTCL (except for corticosteroids, which are permitted to treat lymphoma for 10 or fewer days at any dose; no washout period required as long as they discontinue prior to starting study therapy) * NOTE: Corticosteroids are permitted on study for treatment of any condition other than PTCL * NOTE: Topical treatment may have been given for prior existence of cutaneous lymphoma that has since become systemic PTCL; however, these topical therapies should be stopped at time of registration
  • Patients who received chemotherapy (including monoclonal antibodies) or radiotherapy, administered for any condition, =< 28 days prior to registration are not eligible
  • Patients who have received any other histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors or immunomodulatory (IMID) agents for any reason are not eligible
  • Patients receiving ongoing treatment with any other investigational agents are not eligible
  • Patients with known central nervous system (CNS) involvement of lymphoma are not eligible
  • Patients who have an uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, any of the following are not eligible: * Ongoing or active infection * Symptomatic congestive heart failure * Unstable angina pectoris * Cardiac arrhythmia * Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Patients with a known human immunodeficiency (HIV) infection are not eligible
  • Patients who are pregnant or actively nursing an infant are not eligible
  • Patients with a QT interval > 480 msec (using the Bazett's formula) =< 28 days prior to registration are not eligible


City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
Contact: Jasmine Zain
Phone: 626-471-9300


Northwestern University
Contact: Jonathan Moreira
Phone: 312-695-6189

New York

New York
NYP / Weill Cornell Medical Center
Contact: Jia Ruan
Phone: 212-746-2932


I. To evaluate the efficacy of the combination of romidepsin plus lenalidomide in patients with previously untreated PTCL.


I. Evaluate the safety of the combination of romidepsin and lenalidomide.

II. Further evaluate efficacy of the combination of romidepsin and lenalidomide.

III. Evaluate the delay to cytotoxic chemotherapy.


I. Evaluate the use of Northwestern Medicine (NM) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) vs CT imaging in PTCL.

II. Validate a new prognostic model for newly diagnosed PTCL.

III. Investigate the tumor immunohistochemical profile to identify potential biomarkers associated with prognosis and treatment response.


Patients receive romidepsin intravenously (IV) over 4 hours on days 1, 8, and 15 and lenalidomide orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 1 year in the absence of disease progression, inter-current illness that prevents further administration of treatment, unacceptable toxicity, patient decides to withdraw from study treatment (or study as a whole), or general or specific changes in the patient's condition render the patient unacceptable for further treatment in the judgment of the treating investigator.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, every 3 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months for up to 3 years.

Trial Phase Phase II

Trial Type Treatment

Lead Organization
Northwestern University

Principal Investigator
Barbara Pro

  • Primary ID NU 14H04
  • Secondary IDs NCI-2014-01770, RV-CL-PTCL-PI-003974, STU00097620
  • ID NCT02232516