R-ICE and Lenalidomide in Treating Patients with First-Relapse / Primary Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Status: Active


This phase I / II trial studies the side effects and best dose of lenalidomide when given together with rituximab-ifosfamide-carboplatin-etoposide (R-ICE) and to see how well they work in treating patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma that has returned after a period of improvement and that has not responded to previous treatment. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as rituximab, ifosfamide, carboplatin, etoposide, and lenalidomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving lenalidomide with R-ICE may be a better treatment for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Histological confirmation of expressing CD20 antigen as determined by pathology at the respective institution and central pathology review at Mayo Clinic Rochester; Notes: for phase I, all types of B-cell lymphomas are allowed to participate; for phase II, only DLBCL patients are allowed to participate; for phase I only, patients with primary mediastinal large B-cell (PMLBCL) or transformed lymphoma are allowed to participate; additional notes regarding slide submission: central pathology review is mandatory, but is retrospective in nature; slides must be submitted =< 30 days after registration to allow for confirmation of DLBCL diagnosis and to have sufficient material for GCB/ABC assessment by a gene-expression profiling method; patients can be enrolled prior to submission of slides; for phase II, if central review of pathology shows that the patient does not have DLBCL or the amount of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) material is not considered sufficient for cell-of-origin (COO) analysis, the patient may remain on the study but the patient should be replaced
  • Measurable disease (at least 1 lesion >= 1.5 cm in diameter) as detected by PET/CT
  • Only 1 line of previous anti-lymphoma therapy is allowed and not currently receiving any other agent that would be considered as a treatment for the lymphoma; patients must be >= 2 weeks from prior anti-lymphoma therapy; the use of steroids and/or rituximab up to 1 week prior to registration for management of symptoms is allowed
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0-2
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3, obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • Platelet count >= 75,000/mm^3, obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • Total bilirubin =< 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless related to lymphoma or Gilbert’s disease) OR =< 5 x ULN for subjects with documented or suspected Gilbert’s disease, or related to involvement of the liver by the lymphoma, obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • Aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3 x ULN unless evidence of the direct liver and/or bone involvement by lymphoma, then =< 5 x ULN, obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • PHASE I: Subjects must have calculated creatinine clearance >= 60 ml/min by Cockcroft-Gault formula, obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • PHASE II: Subjects must have calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 ml/min by Cockcroft-Gault formula, obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • For women of childbearing potential only: Negative pregnancy test =< 10-14 days prior to registration; NOTE: the patient must have an additional negative pregnancy test =< 24 hours prior to receiving the initial prescription of lenalidomide, per requirements of the REVLIMID Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS) program
  • Provide informed written consent
  • Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study [i.e. active treatment and observation])
  • Willing to provide blood samples for correlative research purposes
  • Considered transplant-eligible, as determined by the opinion of the investigator at the participating institution; the participating institution does not need to be a transplant center but patients can be referred to a transplant center if needed
  • Willing and able to register into and comply with the mandatory requirements of Celgene’s REVLIMID REMS program
  • Females of reproductive potential are willing and able to adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing as required by Celgene’s REVLIMID REMS program
  • Willing and able to take aspirin (81 mg) daily as prophylactic anticoagulation (patients intolerant to acetylsalicylic acid [ASA] may use warfarin or low molecular weight heparin)

Exclusion Criteria

  • Pregnant women
  • Nursing women
  • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception * NOTE: patients unwilling or unable to do any of the following are also excluded: ** Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a female of child-bearing potential even if they have had a successful vasectomy ** Women of child bearing potential must agree to use 2 methods of reliable contraception simultaneously ** All patients must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure
  • Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Immunocompromised patients and patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and currently receiving antiretroviral therapy; NOTE: patients known to be HIV positive, but without clinical evidence of an immunocompromised state, are eligible for this trial; patients with HIV on antiretroviral therapy other than zidovudine (AZT) and/or stavudine and without prior acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) defining conditions and adequate CD4 count (> 400) are eligible
  • History of myocardial infarction =< 180 days prior to registration or congestive heart failure requiring use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias
  • Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm; patients must be >= 2 weeks from prior anti-lymphoma therapy; the use of steroids and/or rituximab up to 1 week prior to registration for management of symptoms is allowed
  • Other active malignancy =< 3 years prior to registration; EXCEPTIONS: non-melanotic skin cancer, carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix, or any cancer that, in the judgment of the investigator, has been treated with curative intent and will not interfere with the study treatment plan and response assessment; NOTE: if there is a history of prior malignancy, they must not be receiving other specific treatment such as radiation, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy for their cancer
  • Unable or unwilling to take any prophylaxis; patients with history of or new/active deep vein thrombosis/embolism/thrombophilia are allowed to participate if they are on appropriate therapeutic anticoagulation during the treatment on the trial; these patients would not need the aspirin with the lenalidomide unless clinically indicated; therefore, patients must be able and willing to receive anticoagulation (prophylaxis versus therapeutic as clinically indicated)
  • History of radiation therapy to >= 25% of the bone marrow for other diseases
  • Receiving erythroid stimulating agents (epoetin alfa [EPO]: Procrit, Aranesp)
  • Patients with active or prior central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma or cerebrospinal fluid involvement with malignant lymphoma cells; NOTE: these patients are usually treated with CNS directed therapy; screening for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)/CNS involvement is NOT required but can be performed per treating medical doctor (MD) discretion
  • Active hepatitis B as defined by seropositivity for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg); subjects with positive hepatitis B core antibody titers and normal liver transaminases are allowed provided that antiviral prophylaxis is administered per institutional guidelines; NOTE: subjects with hepatitis C antibody will be eligible provided that they do not have elevated liver transaminases or other evidence of active hepatitis

Locations & Contacts


Mayo Clinic in Florida
Status: Active
Contact: Kathleen M. Burke
Phone: 904-953-2000
Email: Burke.Kathleen@mayo.edu


Carle Cancer Center NCI Community Oncology Research Program
Status: Active
Contact: Pauline Mbuvi
Phone: 217-383-4085
Email: Pauline.Mbuvi@Carle.com


Iowa City
University of Iowa / Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center
Status: Active
Contact: Susan B. Butcher
Phone: 319-467-5827
Email: susan-butcher@uiowa.edu
Sioux City
Siouxland Regional Cancer Center
Status: Active
Contact: Thomas S. Hoopingarner
Phone: 712-252-9326
Email: HoopingarnerT@jencc.com


Mayo Clinic
Status: Active
Contact: Mayo Clinic Clinical Trials Office
Phone: 855-776-0015
Saint Cloud
Coborn Cancer Center at Saint Cloud Hospital
Status: Active
Contact: Stacy St. Onge
Phone: 320-229-4907
Email: stacy.stonge@centracare.com
Saint Louis Park
Metro Minnesota Community Oncology Research Consortium
Status: Active
Contact: Elizabeth Jane Wagner
Phone: 952-992-1555
Email: Elizabeth.wagner@parknicollet.com

New Hampshire

Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center
Status: Active
Contact: Julie Gurnsey
Phone: 603-653-3640
Email: Julie.d.gurnsey@hitchcock.org

New Jersey

Hackensack University Medical Center
Status: Active
Contact: Kara Michelle Landau Yannotti
Phone: 551-996-5900
Email: Kara.Yannotti@HackensackMeridian.org

New York

State University of New York Upstate Medical University
Status: Active
Contact: Joanne M. Chilton
Phone: 315-464-8240
Email: chiltonj@upstate.edu


Marshfield Medical Center-Marshfield
Status: Active
Contact: Sheryl L. Mandel
Phone: 715-389-4457
Email: Mandel.Sheryl@mcrf.mfldclin.edu

Trial Objectives and Outline


I. To assess the safety and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the addition of lenalidomide to the R-ICE chemoimmunotherapy regimen (lenalidomide-rituximab-ifosfamide-carboplatin-etoposide [R2ICE]) for the treatment of primary-refractory/first-relapse B-cell lymphoma. (Phase I)

II. To determine if the addition of lenalidomide (based on dose determination from phase I) to the R-ICE chemoimmunotherapy regimen (R2-ICE) would lead to clinically meaningful improvement in the overall response rates (ORR) for patients with first-relapse/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). (Phase II)


I. To evaluate the effect of the addition of lenalidomide to RICE on the number (percentage) of patients proceeding to stem cell transplant (SCT).

II. To evaluate the effect of the addition of lenalidomide to RICE on other surrogate outcome measures including complete metabolic response (CMR) rate and overall survival.

III. To describe the toxicities associated with the addition of lenalidomide to the R-ICE chemoimmunotherapy regimen (R2ICE).


I. To evaluate ORR based on germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) versus non-GCB subtypes.

II. To evaluate ORR based on percent standardized uptake value (SUV) reduction and percent anatomic size reduction on interim positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) scans.

III. To evaluate ORR based on minimal residual disease (MRD) detection (positive versus [vs.] negative) and quantification after 2 cycles of treatment.

IV. Future tissue and blood based studies.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of lenalidomide followed by a phase II study.

Patients receive lenalidomide orally (PO) daily on days 1-14, rituximab intravenously (IV) on day 1, ifosfamide IV over 24 hours on day 2, carboplatin IV over 1-2 hours on day 2, and etoposide IV over 1 hour on days 1-3. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving CMR, partial metabolic response (PMR), or no metabolic response (NMR) may receive 2 more courses per physician discretion. After completion of 2 cycles of R2ICE treatment, patients achieving objective status of CMR, PMR or NMR may proceed to SCT during the event monitoring phase.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 3 years and then every 6 months for 2 years.

Trial Phase & Type

Trial Phase

Phase I/II

Trial Type


Lead Organization

Lead Organization
Academic and Community Cancer Research United

Principal Investigator
Grzegorz S. Nowakowski

Trial IDs

Primary ID RU051417I
Secondary IDs NCI-2015-01990
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT02628405