Gene-Modified T cells with or without Decitabine in Treating Patients with Advanced Malignancies Expressing NY-ESO-1
This phase I / IIa trial studies the side effects and best dose of gene-modified T cells when given with or without decitabine, and to see how well they work in treating patients with malignancies expressing cancer-testis antigens 1 (NY-ESO-1) gene that have spread to other places in the body. A T cell is a type of immune cell that can recognize and kill abnormal cells of the body. Placing a modified gene for NY-ESO-1 into the patients' T cells in the laboratory and then giving them back to the patient may help the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells that express NY-ESO-1. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as decitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving gene-modified T cells with or without decitabine works better in treating patients with malignancies expressing NY-ESO-1.
- Patients with solid tumors as described below: * Inoperable or metastatic (advanced) melanoma: ** Has received, is intolerant, or refused a CTLA-4 inhibitor (ipilimumab) or a PD-1 inhibitor (nivolumab or pembrolizumab) as monotherapy and/or a combination of ipilimumab and nivolumab ** Has received or is intolerant of a BRAF inhibitor or the combination of BRAF and MEK inhibitors for BRAFv600 mutant melanoma and a PD-1 inhibitor as monotherapy or in combination * Inoperable or metastatic (advanced) ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube carcinoma: ** Has received platinum containing chemotherapy and has platinum refractory or resistant disease that has progressed on second line therapy ** If platinum sensitive disease, should have received >= 2 lines of chemotherapy ** May have received PARP inhibitors, bevacizumab or other targeted VEGF inhibitor therapy * Inoperable or metastatic (advanced) synovial sarcoma: ** Should have received and progressed on >= two lines of systemic therapy * Subjects with other histologies: ** Must have previously received two lines of systemic standard care (or effective salvage chemotherapy regimens) for metastatic disease, if known to be effective for that disease, and have been deemed either non-responders (progressive disease) or have recurred
- For cohorts 1, 2 and 3 only: Patient's tumor must be positive by histological or molecular assay for NY-ESO-1, according to the screening algorithm; historical results may be used * For cohort 4, NY-ESO-1 results will be noted but NY-ESO-1 positivity is not required for eligibility
- Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A*0201 (HLA-A2.1) positivity by molecular subtyping (blood test or buccal swab, historical documentation acceptable)
- Life expectancy greater than 3 months assessed by a study physician
- Have been informed of other treatment options
- A minimum of one measurable lesion defined as: * Meeting the criteria for measurable disease according to irRECIST criteria * For patients with skin metastases, lesions selected as non-completely biopsied target lesion(s) that can be accurately measured and recorded by color photography with a ruler to document the size of the target lesion(s)
- No restriction based on prior treatments but at least 4 weeks from prior immunotherapy, or prior investigational agents
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0 or 1
- Must have adequate venous access for apheresis
- Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use effective methods of birth control for the duration of the study and 6 months after; methods for acceptable birth control include: condoms, diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide, intrauterine device, and hormonal contraception; it is recommended that a combination of two methods be used
- Leukocytes: >= 3,000/mcl
- Absolute neutrophil count: >= 1,000/mcl
- Platelets: >= 100,000/mcl
- Total bilirubin: =< 1.5 upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]): =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
- Creatinine: =< 2 X ULN; if creatinine > 2 x ULN, creatinine clearance must be > 60 ml/min
- Must be willing and able to accept the leukapheresis procedure
- At screening, must have tissue available for NY-ESO-1 testing (if not previously performed) or be willing and able to undergo a fresh tissue biopsy
- Patient must understand the investigational nature of this study and sign an Independent Ethics Committee/Institutional Review Board approved written informed consent form prior to receiving any study related procedure
- Participant must agree to and arrange for a caregiver (age >= 18 years old) available 24 hours a day/ 7 days a week and arrange for lodging within 45 minutes drive to Roswell Park and transportation for a period of time after discharge from the hospital; the exact amount of time will depend on the individual status as determined by the treating physician
- Previously known hypersensitivity to any of the agents used in this study
- Currently receiving any other investigational agents
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements; electrocardiogram (EKG) will be done at screening; cardiac stress test will be done as clinically indicated, the specific test to be chosen at the discretion of the treating physician.
- History of severe autoimmune disease requiring steroids or other immunosuppressive treatments
- History of inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, or other chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea or bleeding, or current acute colitis of any origin
- Potential requirement for systemic corticosteroids or concurrent immunosuppressive drugs based on prior history or received systemic steroids within the last 4 weeks prior to enrollment (inhaled or topical steroids at standard doses or isolated use of steroids as premedication for medical procedures to minimize allergic reaction [e.g. computed tomography (CT) scan dye] are allowed)
- Known active infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, hepatitis C or cytomegalovirus (CMV)
- Known cases of clinically active brain metastases (brain magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] as clinically indicated); prior evidence of brain metastasis successfully treated with surgery or radiation therapy will not be exclusion for participation as long as they are deemed under control at the time of study enrollment
- Dementia or significantly altered mental status that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent and compliance with the requirements of this protocol
- Pregnancy or breast-feeding; female patients must be surgically sterile or be postmenopausal for two years, or must agree to use effective contraception during the period of treatment and 6 months after; all female patients with reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test (serum/urine) within 48 hours from starting the conditioning chemotherapy
- Lack of availability of a patient for immunological and clinical follow-up assessment
Locations & Contacts
Contact: Kunle Odunsi
Trial Objectives and Outline
I. To evaluate the safety and feasibility of adoptive transfer of TGFbDNRII-transduced autologous tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (autologous NY-ESO-1 TCR/dnTGFbetaRII transgenic T cells).
I. NY-ESO-1 TCR/ dnTGFbetaRII transgenic T cell persistence by analyzing serial peripheral blood samples for the presence of T cells with the NY-ESO-1 TCR by tetramer analysis.
II. To study T cell differentiation that correlates with higher anti-tumor responses.
III. To test the hypothesis that NY-ESO-1 TCR/dnTGFbetaRII will constitute in cells more efficient in inducing tumor regression.
IV. Determine objective tumor responses by Immune-Related Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (irRECIST) 1.1.
I. To evaluate the role of microbiota on the therapeutic efficacy of the proposed therapy.
OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of NY-ESO-1 TCR/TGFbDNRII-transduced TILs followed by a phase IIa study. Participants are assigned 1 to 2 cohorts.
COHORT I: Patients undergo leukapheresis on day -6 and receive cyclophosphamide intravenously (IV) over 2 hours on days -5 and -4. Patients then receive TGFbDNRII-transduced autologous tumor infiltrating lymphocytes IV over 15 minutes on day 0.
COHORT II: Patients undergo leukapheresis on day -6 and receive decitabine IV over 1 hour on days -6 to -4 and cyclophosphamide IV over 2 hours on days -3 and -2. Patients then receive TGFbDNRII-transduced autologous tumor infiltrating lymphocytes IV over 15 minutes on day 0.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at weeks 1-4, 6, 8, and 12, at 6 and 9 months, every 6 months for 5 years, and then yearly for 10 years.
Trial Phase & Type
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Secondary IDs NCI-2015-02080
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT02650986