Clinical Trial of BP1001 in Combination With With Venetoclax Plus Decitabine in AML
- Inclusion Criteria At the time of Screening, participants must meet all of the following criteria to be considered eligible to participate in the study: 1. Adults ≥18 years of age 2. Females must be of non-childbearing potential, surgically sterile, postmenopausal, or practice adequate methods of contraception during the study and for 30 days after the last dose of study drug or decitabine 3. Males must agree to use an adequate method of contraception during the study and for at least 30 days after the last dose of study drug or decitabine 4. Histologically documented diagnosis (based on the 2008 World Health Organization [WHO] Classification) (Vardiman et al. 2009) of one of the following: 1. Newly diagnosed untreated AML; or 2. Untreated secondary AML, including AML that has progressed from MDS 3. In some cases of AML associated with specific genetic abnormalities, however, the diagnosis of AML may be made if the blast count is less than 20% (Dohner et al. 2017) - specifically AML with t(15;17), t(8;21), inv(16), or t(16;16)) 4. Relapsed or Refractory AML 5. Investigator considers previously untreated participant ineligible for (or unwilling to receive) intensive induction therapy based on medical reasons, disease characteristics such as genetics, type of AML (untreated or secondary), or participant characteristics such as age, performance status, co-morbidities, organ dysfunctions, or patient election of low-intensity treatment 6. Eligible for venetoclax and decitabine therapy, based on Investigator assessment 7. Participant's WBC count is 25 x 10^9/L or less at study initiation. The use of leukapheresis or hydroxyurea before treatment initiation to achieve this is permitted. 8. Adequate hepatic and renal functions as defined by: 1. Aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤2.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN); and 2. Usually total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 ULN. In specific cases the PI may request a waiver of this requirement with medical justification and agreement with the medical monitor and Bio-Path holdings. And; 3. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of at least 40 ml/min. These estimations can be calculated using any of the following methods (Appendix E: Formulas): i. Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-Epi) equation - GFR = 141 × min (Scr /κ, 1)^α × max(Scr /κ, 1)^-1.209 × 0.993^Age × 1.018 [if female] × 1.159 [if black] ii. Cockcroft gault equation - Cockcroft Gault equation utilizing the TBW (Total body weight) to calculate an estimated creatinine clearance - CrCl = [(140 - age) x TBW] / (Scr x 72) x 0.85 [if female] iii. Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study equation - GFR (mL/min/1.73 m^2) = 175 × (Scr)^-1.154 × (Age)^-0.203 × 0.74 [if female] x 1.212 [if African American (AA)] iv. Creatinine clearance estimated by 24-hr urine collection for creatinine clearance 9. Documented Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2 10. Recovered from the effects of any prior surgery, radiotherapy, or antineoplastic treatment (with the exception of alopecia), based on Investigator assessment 11. Willing and able to provide written informed consent 7.2. Exclusion Criteria At the time of Screening, participants who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from participating in the study: 1. Active non-hematologic or lymphoid malignancy other than AML treated with immuno- or chemotherapy within the previous 12 months except active non- melanoma, non-invasive skin cancer will be allowed. 2. Known, active leptomeningeal leukemia requiring intrathecal therapy. NOTE: Patients with a history of CNS disease may be allowed to participate based on at least 1 documented, negative spinal fluid assessment within 28 days prior to Screening 3. Isolated extramedullary leukemia without also meeting bone marrow criteria for acute leukemia (for AML usually = 20% blasts in BMA or BMB). Patients may have leukemia with lower blast counts (Dohner et al. 2010). Bio-Path Holdings and Investigator concurrence required. 4. Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with t(15;17)(q22;q12) PML-RARA 5. Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in any phase 6. Receipt of any anti-cancer therapy within 14 days prior to C1D1, with the exception of hydroxyurea or anagrelide (within 24 hours), TKI (within 1day), a single dose of cytarabine (for proliferative disease) 7. Uncontrolled active, untreated, or progressive infection 8. Receipt of any investigational agent or study treatment within 30 days prior to C1D1 9. Females who are capable of becoming pregnant, test positive for pregnancy, or are breast-feeding during the Screening period, or intend to become pregnant or breast-feed during the course of the study or within 30 days after last dose of study drug 10. Serious intercurrent medical or psychiatric illness which, in the opinion of the Investigator, would interfere with the ability of the participant to complete the study 11. Known active or clinically significant hepatitis B infection (based on positive surface antigen [HBsAg]), hepatitis C infection (based on positive antibody [HCV Ab]), or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1 or HIV-2, based on positive antibody) 12. History of any hypersensitivity to venetoclax or decitabine, unless reaction is deemed irrelevant to the study by the Investigator and Medical Monitor 13. Presence of concurrent conditions that, in the opinion of the Investigator and/or Medical Monitor, may compromise the participant's ability to tolerate study treatment or interfere with any aspect of study conduct or interpretation of results. This includes but is not limited to, unstable or uncontrolled angina, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV congestive heart failure, uncontrolled and sustained hypertension, clinically significant cardiac dysrhythmia or clinically significant baseline ECG abnormality (e.g., QTcF >470 msec) 14. Within the past 6 months, has had any of the following: myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack 15. Uncontrolled seizure disorder (i.e., seizures within the past 2 months) 16. Cannot receive live attenuated vaccine immunization prior to, during, or after treatment with venetoclax until B-cell recovery occurs 17. Unable or unwilling to communicate or cooperate with the Investigator or follow the protocol for any reason
Improvement of clinical benefit in fragile AML patients while maintaining tolerability is an
important area of further clinical development. Modern aggressive combination chemotherapy
can induce CR in a significant proportion of patients with previously untreated AML, but
relapse occurs in most unless patients undergo intensive allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell
transplantation. Novel therapies are needed for these patients
The Grb2 gene has been mapped to the human chromosome region 17q22-qter, a region that is
duplicated in leukemias and solid tumors, which may result in an increased copy number of the
Grb2 gene product. As Grb2 is important for the transformation of murine hematopoietic cells,
and the proliferation of human leukemia cells that express high levels of oncogenic tyrosine
kinases, inhibition of Grb2 may have a significant impact on the natural history of
leukemias. The study drug (BP1001) may be able to inhibit the cells from making Grb-2.
Researchers hope that without this protein, the leukemia cells will die.
This represents an area in which targeted therapies might be of benefit to these patients.
One such potential treatment is BP1001, liposomal anti-sense treatment directed against
Growth Factor Receptor-Bound Protein 2 (Grb2). Decitabine is approved in Europe for the
treatment of adult patients with newly diagnosed de novo or secondary acute myeloid leukemia
(AML). In vitro studies in AML cells co-incubated with BP1001 and decitabine suggests that
treatment of AML patients with decitabine followed by BP1001 may be a combination that could
benefit patients with AML.
This Phase IIa, multicenter, study of BP1001 in combination with Ventoclax plus decitabine
will enroll participants with AML who are not otherwise eligible for for intensive induction
This trial will utilize an open label design to assess the safety profile, PK, PD, and
efficacy of of BP1001 in combination with Ventoclax plus decitabine to assess whether the
combination of either provides greater efficacy than intensive chemotherapy alone.
There are 3 cohorts exploring three-drug combinations of BP1001, venetoclax and decitabine.
- Untreated AML patients will be treated with BP1001 plus venetoclax plus decitabine.
- Refractory/relapsed AML patients will also be treated with BP1001 plus venetoclax plus
- A third cohort of BP1001 + decitabine is offered to refractory/relapsed AML patients who
are venetoclax resistant or intolerant, or not considered by the investigator as optimal
candidates for venetoclax-based therapy.
Each cohort will continue until approximately 19 evaluable participants have been
investigated. At that point, enrollment will be placed on hold so that the Sponsor can
perform an administrative review of the data to determine which treatment cohorts should
continue with enrollment.
Should one or more cohorts continue with enrollment, the sample size will be increased up to
54 in the refractory/relapsed AML cohorts and 98 in the untreated AML cohort. These sample
sizes for the study are based on the primary endpoint.
Trial Phase Phase II
Trial Type Treatment
Bio-Path Holdings, Inc.
- Primary ID BP1001-201-AML
- Secondary IDs NCI-2016-00884
- Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT02781883