Nivolumab and Lenalidomide in Treating Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin or Hodgkin Lymphoma

Status: Active

Description

This I / II trial studies the side effects and best dose of lenalidomide when given together with nivolumab and to see how well they work in treating patients with non-Hodgkin or Hodgkin lymphoma that has come back and does not respond to treatment. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as lenalidomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving nivolumab and lenalidomide may work better than nivolumab alone in treating patients with non-Hodgkin or Hodgkin lymphoma.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • PHASE I: Histologically confirmed B-cell NHL with any of the following subtypes: DLBCL, mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), FL, marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) and lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma/Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia (LL/WM), Burkitt’s lymphoma (BL); patients with histological transformation to DLBCL from indolent lymphoma, primary mediastinal lymphoma and grey zone lymphoma are eligible
  • PHASE I: Histologically confirmed classical or lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin’s disease that is relapsed or refractory after at least two prior chemotherapy regimens; patients who have not had prior high-dose therapy (HDT)/autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) must be ineligible for transplant
  • PHASE I: Patients DLBCL, BL, transformed DLBCL, primary mediastinal lymphoma and grey zone lymphoma must have received at least one prior therapy; patients with MCL, FL, MZL and LL/WM must have failed at least two prior therapies; prior autologous stem cell transplant is permitted; patients with DLBCL, BL, transformed DLBCL, primary mediastinal lymphoma and grey zone lymphoma who have not had prior HDT/ASCT must be ineligible for transplant; prior lenalidomide is not permitted if patients have progressed on therapy
  • PHASE IB DOSE EXPANSION: Histologically confirmed classical or lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin’s disease
  • PHASE IB DOSE EXPANSION: Patients must have received at least two prior therapy regimens; prior autologous stem cell transplant is permitted; patients who have not had prior HDT/ASCT must be ineligible for transplant; prior lenalidomide is not permitted if patients have progressed on therapy
  • PHASE II: Histologically confirmed B-cell NHL: * Cohort 1: with only de novo DLBCL, * Cohort 2: with only FL of grade 1, 2 or 3a
  • PHASE II: Patients with de novo DLBCL must have received at least one prior therapy; patients with FL grade 1, 2 or 3a must have received at least two prior therapies; prior autologous stem cell transplant is permitted; patients with DLBCL who have not had prior HDT/ASCT must be ineligible for transplant; prior lenalidomide is not permitted if patients have progressed on therapy
  • Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial
  • Have evaluable disease
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 /mcL (within 16 days of treatment initiation)
  • Platelets >= 100,000 /mcL in the absence of transfusion support within 7 days of determining eligibility (within 16 days of treatment initiation)
  • Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (within 16 days of treatment initiation)
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl]) >= 40 mL/min creatinine clearance (within 16 days of treatment initiation)
  • Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN OR except subjects with Gilbert syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL (within 16 days of treatment initiation)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3.0 X ULN (within 16 days of treatment initiation)
  • Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy at screening and within 24 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication; if the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication; subjects should agree to ongoing pregnancy testing during the course of the study and after the end of study therapy; female subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for at least 24 consecutive months
  • Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy; males must refrain from donating sperm during study participation and for 120 days after the last dose of study medication
  • Willing and able to receive adequate prophylaxis and/or therapy for thromboembolic events
  • Be willing and able to understand and give written informed consent and comply with all study related procedures

Exclusion Criteria

  • Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 3 weeks of the first dose of treatment
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment; subjects may use topical or inhaled corticosteroids or low-dose steroids (=< 10 mg of prednisone or equivalent per day) as therapy for comorbid conditions; during study participation, subjects may receive systemic or enteric corticosteroids as needed for treatment-emergent comorbid conditions
  • Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus tuberculosis)
  • Hypersensitivity to nivolumab or lenalidomide or any of their excipients
  • Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 2 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Has had prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent * Note: subjects with =< grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study * Note: if subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy; patients must be 4 weeks out from major procedures
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer
  • Has known active central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma
  • Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs); replacement therapy (thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment; conditions expected to not recur in the absence of an external trigger
  • Has an active infection requiring intravenous systemic therapy
  • Is unable to swallow capsules or malabsorption syndrome, disease or condition significantly affecting gastrointestinal function
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular disease with uncontrolled arrhythmia, New York Association class 3 or 4 congestive heart failure, history of myocardial infarction within 6 months, or prolonged corrected QT (QTc) > 500 msec
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent
  • Has progressed on prior therapy with lenalidomide
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
  • Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
  • Has a history of deep venous thrombosis/embolism, threatening thromboembolism or known thrombophilia or are at a high risk for a thromboembolic event in the opinion of the investigator and who are not willing/able to take venous thromboembolic event prophylaxis during the entire treatment period

Locations & Contacts

Ohio

Columbus
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Status: Active
Contact: Kami Jo Maddocks
Phone: 614-293-3196
Email: Kami.maddocks@osumc.edu

Trial Objectives and Outline

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the safety and tolerability of the combination of lenalidomide and nivolumab in patients with relapsed/refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin disease (HD). (Phase I)

II. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) or recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of the combination of lenalidomide and nivolumab in patients with relapsed/refractory NHL and HD. (Phase I)

III. To evaluate the feasibility and toxicities of the combination of lenalidomide and nivolumab in patients with relapsed/refractory HD. (Phase IB)

IV. To evaluate the efficacy of the combination of lenalidomide and nivolumab in terms of overall response rate in patients with relapsed/refractory follicular lymphoma (FL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the efficacy of the combination of lenalidomide and nivolumab in patients with relapsed/refractory NHL and HD in terms of overall response rate (ORR), duration of response (DOR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). (Phase I)

II. To evaluate the efficacy of the combination of lenalidomide and nivolumab in patients with relapsed/refractory HD in terms of complete response rate (CR). (Phase IB)

III. To evaluate the efficacy of the combination of lenalidomide and nivolumab in patients with relapsed/refractory HD in terms of duration of response (DOR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). (Phase IB)

IV. To evaluate the efficacy of the combination of lenalidomide and nivolumab in patients with relapsed/refractory FL and DLBCL in terms of duration of response (DOR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). (Phase II)

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To explore the relationship between prognostic parameters including ki-67 staining, PD-1 staining and cell of origin (activated B-cell or ABC versus germinal center B-cell or GCB) with ORR to the combination of lenalidomide and nivolumab in patients with relapsed/refractory NHL. (Phase I)

II. To evaluate and monitor effects on B-, T-, and natural killer (NK)-cell function with the combination of lenalidomide and nivolumab in patients with relapsed/refractory NHL and HD. (Phase I)

III. To explore the relationship between prognostic parameters including ki-67 staining, PD-1 staining and cell of origin (activated B-cell or ABC versus germinal center B-cell or GCB) with ORR to the combination of lenalidomide and nivolumab in patients with relapsed/refractory FL and DLBCL. (Phase II)

IV. To evaluate and monitor effects on B-, T-, and NK-cell function with the combination of lenalidomide and nivolumab in patients with relapsed/refractory FL and DLBCL. (Phase II)

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of lenalidomide followed by a phase II study.

Patients receive lenalidomide orally (PO) on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15 of courses 1-4 and on day 1 of courses 5-12. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years, then every 6 months for up to 5 years.

Trial Phase & Type

Trial Phase

Phase I/II

Trial Type

Treatment

Lead Organization

Lead Organization
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center

Principal Investigator
Kami Jo Maddocks

Trial IDs

Primary ID OSU-16167
Secondary IDs NCI-2016-01966, 2016C0166
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03015896