Local Consolidative Therapy and Brigatinib in Treating Patients with Stage IV or Recurrent Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
This early phase I trial studies the side effects and how well local consolidative therapy (LCT) and brigatinib works in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer that is stage IV or has come back. Giving LCT, such as surgery and / or radiation, after initial treatment may kill any remaining tumor cells. Brigatinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving LCT and brigatinib may work better in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
- Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (or recurrent NSCLC not a candidate for definitive multimodality therapy)
- Documented ALK re-arrangement as detected by: (1) Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), (2) immunohistochemistry (IHC), (3) tissue next generation sequencing (NGS), or (4) cfDNA NGS
- Subjects can be enrolled as (1) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) naive or (2) after =< 8 weeks of first-line brigatinib treatment without disease progression
- Measurable disease according to RECIST 1.1. At least one lesion of at least 1.0 cm in the long-axis diameter for a non-lymph node or at least 1.5 cm in the short-axis diameter for a lymph node which is serially measurable according to RECIST 1.1. If there is only one target lesion and it is a non-lymph node, it should have a longest diameter of at least 1.5 cm
- Candidate for local consolidative therapy to at least one site of residual disease
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 2
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L or at least 1500/cubic millimeters or at least 1.5 x 10^9/L
- Platelet count at least 75,000/cubic millimeters or at least 75 x 10^9/L
- Hemoglobin (Hb) at least 9 g/dL (or 5.69 mmol/L) at baseline
- Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or >= 60 mL/minute for subjects with creatinine levels > 1.5 x the institutional ULN
- Serum total bilirubin less than or equal to =<1.5 x ULN or direct bilirubin =< ULN or direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN except for subjects with liver metastases (mets) for whom ALT and AST should be =< 5 x ULN
- International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 x ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
- Activated PTT (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulant
- Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test documented at time of screening
- Female patients who: a.) Are postmenopausal for at least 1 year before the screening visit, OR b.) Are surgically sterile, OR c.) If they are of childbearing potential, agree to practice 2 effective methods of contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent through 4 months after the last dose of study drug, or agree to completely abstain from heterosexual intercourse
- Male patients, even if surgically sterilized (i.e., status post-vasectomy), who: a.) Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 4 months after the last dose of study drug, or b.) Agree to completely abstain from heterosexual intercourse
- Have normal QT interval on screening electrocardiography (ECG) evaluation, defined as QT interval corrected (Fridericia) (QTcF) of ·450 milliseconds (msec) in males or =< 470 msec in females
- Voluntary agreement to provide written informed consent and the willingness and ability to comply with all aspects of the protocol
- Have been diagnosed with another primary malignancy other than NSCLC, except for adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or cervical cancer in situ; definitively treated non-metastatic prostate cancer; or patients with another primary malignancy who are definitively relapse-free with at least 2 years elapsed since the diagnosis of the other primary malignancy
- Previously received any prior TKI, including ALK-targeted TKIs * Note: on-going first-line brigatinib use as specified in the Inclusion criteria is allowed
- Previously received more than 1 regimen of chemotherapy or immunotherapy for locally advanced or metastatic disease
- Symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastasis. Asymptomatic CNS disease requiring increasing dose of corticosteroids within 7 days prior to study enrollment is also not permitted
- Have current spinal cord compression (symptomatic or asymptomatic and detected by radiographic imaging). Patients with leptomeningeal disease and without cord compression are allowed
- The presence of pulmonary interstitial disease, drug-related pneumonitis, or radiation pneumonitis at screening
- Have a known or suspected hypersensitivity to brigatinib or its excipients
- Have malabsorption syndrome or other gastrointestinal (GI) illness or condition that could affect oral absorption of the study drug
- Be pregnant, planning a pregnancy, or breastfeeding
- Have significant, uncontrolled, or active cardiovascular disease, specifically including, but not restricted to: a.) Myocardial infarction (MI) within 6 months prior to the first dose of study drug b.) Unstable angina within 6 months prior to first dose of study drug c.) Decompensated congestive heart failure (CHF) within 6 months prior to first dose of study drug d.) History of clinically significant atrial arrhythmia (including clinically significant bradyarrhythmia), as determined by the treating physician e.) Any history of ventricular arrhythmia f.) Cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior to first dose of study drug
- Have uncontrolled hypertension. Patients with hypertension should be under treatment on study entry to control blood pressure
- Have an ongoing or active infection, including, but not limited to, the requirement for intravenous (IV) antibiotics
- Have a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Testing is not required in the absence of history
- Have any condition or illness that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise patient safety or interfere with the evaluation of the study drug
Locations & Contacts
Contact: Vincent K. Lam
Trial Objectives and Outline
I. To assess the safety, tolerability, and feasibility of brigatinib with local consolidative therapy (LCT) in tyrosine kinase inhibitor-naive ALK-rearranged advanced (non-small cell lung cancer) NSCLC.
I. To determine progression-free survival (PFS) using modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST 1.1) in advanced ALK+ NSCLC patients treated with local consolidative therapy (LCT) after achieving stable disease or partial response with first-line brigatinib treatment.
II. To determine overall survival (OS).
III. To assess time to progression (TTP) of non-LCT lesions.
I. To assess time to appearance of new metastatic lesion(s).
II. To determine the utility of pre-treatment, pre-LCT, and post-LCT circulating free tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (cfDNA) as a potential prognostic and predictive biomarkers.
II. To evaluate potential impact of LCT on mechanisms of ALK resistance with molecular analysis of post-progression biopsies.
Patients receive brigatinib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo LCT for up to 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Within 7 days after completion of LCT, patients receive brigatinib PO QD on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and every 3 months for up to 2 years.
Trial Phase & Type
No phase specified
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Vincent K. Lam
Secondary IDs NCI-2018-02099
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03707938