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6-Hour Oxaliplatin in Preventing Nerve Damage in Patients with Advanced or Metastatic Gastrointestinal Cancer

Trial Status: Active

This phase II trial studies how well giving oxaliplatin over 6 hours works in preventing nerve damage in patients with gastrointestinal cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Oxaliplatin can cause side effects such as nerve damage that may delay or reduce the dose of oxaliplatin. Giving oxaliplatin over a longer period of time (6 hours) may prevent or delay the development of nerve damage, which may keep patients on standard doses of chemotherapy longer, without having to delay treatment.

Inclusion Criteria

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • Confirmed diagnosis of a gastrointestinal cancer
  • Plan for 4 or more cycles of FOLFOX6 (fluorouracil [with leucovorin] and oxaliplatin) containing chemotherapy
  • Histologically confirmed, measurable or evaluable disease. Patients should have at least one measurable lesion by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/uL (no white blood cell growth factors allowed to meet requirement)
  • Platelets >= 75,000/uL (may be transfused up to 72 hours prior to day 1 to meet requirement)
  • Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (may be transfused up to 72 hours prior to day 1 to meet requirement)
  • Creatinine clearance > 30 mL/min by Cockcroft-Gault, to preserve similar dosing (85 mg/m^2) for analysis
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Signed informed consent
  • Adequate birth control when appropriate

Exclusion Criteria

  • Any preexisting grade 2 or higher peripheral neuropathy
  • Patients currently receiving anticancer therapies or who have received any focal or systemic anticancer therapy within 14 days of the start of FOLFOX6
  • Known intolerance or hypersensitivity to any agent in FOLFOX6 or concurrent agents
  • Patients who have any known severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions such as: * Unstable angina pectoris, symptomatic heart failure (New York Heart Association class III or IV), myocardial infarction =< 6 months prior, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or any other clinically significant cardiac disease * Active (acute or chronic) or uncontrolled severe infection, liver disease such as cirrhosis, or decompensated liver disease
  • Patients with any history of severe hemorrhage requiring >= 4 units of packed red blood cells (RBCs) in a 48-hour period
  • Patients with a history of non-compliance to medical regimens or who are considered potentially unreliable or will not be able to complete the entire study
  • Patients who are currently part of or have participated in any clinical investigation with an investigational drug within 14 days prior to dosing
  • Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP), defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, must use highly effective methods of contraception during the study and 8 weeks after. Highly effective contraception methods include combination of any two of the following: * Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or; * Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS); * Barrier methods of contraception: condom or occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/ vaginal suppository; * Total abstinence or; * Male/female sterilization Women are considered post-menopausal and not of childbearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks prior to randomization. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of childbearing potential

Georgia

Atlanta
Emory Saint Joseph's Hospital
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Robert Donald Harvey
Emory University Hospital / Winship Cancer Institute
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Robert Donald Harvey
Phone: 404-778-4381
Emory University Hospital Midtown
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: Robert Donald Harvey
Johns Creek
Emory Johns Creek Hospital
Status: APPROVED
Contact: Robert Donald Harvey

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine the effect of 2 versus 6-hour oxaliplatin infusion time on the difference in severity of sensory neuropathy as measured by patient reported outcome (PRO) scores on the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN-20) scale at the initiation of cycle 4.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Pharmacokinetic parameters of maximum concentration (Cmax), area under the curve (AUC), time of maximum concentration (tmax), clearance, and half life (t1/2) of platinum ultra-filtrate.

II. CIPN-20 sensory score changes over the duration of therapy as measured by a cumulative area-under-the curve score.

III. Clinical outcomes including duration of therapy, oxaliplatin dose reductions, delays in therapy, and overall dose intensity and delivery of oxaliplatin.

IV. Relationship between oxaliplatin Cmax, patient-reported acute neurotoxicity, and chronic neurotoxicity by CIPN-20 scores.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive oxaliplatin intravenously (IV) and leucovorin IV over 2 hours on day 1. Patients also receive a lower dose of fluorouracil IV over 2-4 minutes followed by a higher dose IV continuous over 46 hours on day 1. Cycles repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 6 hours on day 1. Patients also receive leucovorin and fluorouracil as in arm I. Cycles repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months.

Trial Phase Phase II

Trial Type Treatment

Lead Organization
Emory University Hospital / Winship Cancer Institute

Principal Investigator
Robert Donald Harvey

  • Primary ID Winship4468-18
  • Secondary IDs NCI-2018-02241, IRB00106610
  • Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03800693