Marizomib for Recurrent Low-Grade and Anaplastic Supratentorial, Infratentorial, and Spinal Cord Ependymoma
Background: Ependymomas are rare tumors that arise from the ependyma. That is a tissue of the central nervous system. They can develop in the brain or the spine. They are usually treated with surgery, radiation, and / or chemotherapy. Researchers want to see if the new drug marizomib can help people with a certain kind of ependymoma. Objective: To see if marizomib stops tumor growth and prlongs the time that the tumor is controlled. Eligibility: Adults age 18 and older who have been diagnosed with ependymomas and have already been treated with standard therapies Design: Participants will be screened with the following tests or recent results from similar tests: - Medical history - Physical exam - Neurological assessment - Electrocardiogram (EKG) to evaluate the heart - Review of symptoms and ability to perform normal activities - Computed tomographic scan (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to produce an image of the brain or spine. - Blood and urine tests - Tests of tumor samples. Participants may have to have new tumor samples taken. Participants will get the study drug in cycles. Each cycle is 4 weeks. Participants will have up to 24 cycles. Participants will get the study drug through a small plastic tube in a vein on days 1, 8, and 15 of each cycle. During each cycle, some screening tests will be repeated. Participants will answer questions about their general well-being and functioning. About 4 5 weeks after finishing the study drug, participants will have a follow-up visit. They will answer questions about their health, get a physical and a neurological exam, and have blood tests. They may have an MRI or CT scan. ...
- - INCLUSION CRITERIA: - Stage 1 Eligibility (Cohort 1) - Histologically confirmed by NCI Laboratory of Pathology intra-cranial or spinal RELA- fusion ependymoma of grade I, II or III. - Has received two or fewer prior chemotherapy regimens - Stage 2 Eligibility (Cohorts 2 - 4) - Histologically confirmed by NCI Laboratory of Pathology intra-cranial or spinal RELA- fusion ependymoma (Cohort 2), or non RELA-fusion ependymoma (Cohorts 3, 4) of grade I, II or III. - Patients with 2 or fewer prior chemotherapy regimens will be enrolled in Cohort 3, patients with more than 2 prior chemotherapy regimens will be enrolled in Cohorts 2 and 4. - Patients must have an evidence of tumor progression - Patients must have had prior radiation therapy. - Patients must be greater than or equal to 18 years old. Currently, no dosing or adverse event data is available on the use of marizomib in patients < 18 years of age; therefore, only adults are included in this study. Patients < 18 years of age will be eligible for future pediatric trials. - Patients must have a Karnofsky performance status of greater than or equal to 60. - Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below: - leukocytes: greater than or equal to 3,000/microliters - absolute neutrophil count: greater than or equal to 1,500/microliters - platelets: greater than or equal to 100,000/microliters - hemoglobin: greater than or equal to 10 gm/dL (can be achieved by transfusion) - AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT): less than or equal to 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal - Bilirubin: <1.5 mg/dL - Creatinine up to 1.5-times upper institutional limits OR eGFR within normal as predicted by the CKD-EPI equation (greater than or equal to 60 mL/min/1.73m(2). - Negative urine protein or urine protein concentration less than or equal to 60 mg/dL - The effects of marizomib on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation and up to 30 days after the last dose of the drug. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. - Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: - Anticancer treatment within designated period of time before enrollment including: - surgery within 14 days - needle or core biopsy within 7 days - prior cytotoxic therapy within 28 days, - vincristine within 14 days - nitrosoureas within 42 days, - procarbazine administration within 21 days - non-cytotoxic agents, e.g., interferon, tamoxifen, thalidomide, cis-retinoic acid (radiosensitizer does not count) within 7 days; Avastin within 21 days. Any questions related to the definition of non-cytotoxic agents should be directed to the NCI Principal Investigator. - Treatment with any investigational agent within 28 days before enrollment. - History of any other cancer (except non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in-situ of the cervix), unless patient is in complete remission and off all therapy for that disease for a minimum of 3 years. - History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to marizomib. - Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements. - Inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure > 140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg). - Current active hepatic or biliary disease (with exception of patients with Gilbert s syndrome, asymptomatic gallstones, or stable chronic liver disease per investigator assessment). - New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II heart failure or greater or history of hospitalization for congestive heart failure diagnosis within 12 months prior to enrollment. - History of myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 3 months prior to enrollment. - A marked baseline prolongation of QT/QTc interval (e.g., repeated demonstration of a QTc interval >480 milliseconds (ms) (CTCAE grade 1) using Frederica s QT correction formula. - A history of additional risk factors for TdP (e.g., heart failure, hypokalemia, family history of Long QT Syndrome). - Current use of concomitant medications that prolong the QT/QTc interval - History of stroke or transient ischemic attack within 3 months prior to enrollment. - Pregnant women are excluded from this study because marizomib s potential forteratogenic or abortifacient effects is unknown. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with marizomib, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with marizomib. - Patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy for treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or active anti-viral treatment for Hepatitis A, B or C infection. Anti-viral therapy, when combined with marizomib, poses a potential for pharmacokinetic interactions. Marizomib also increases immunosuppression, placing patients at an increased risk of acquiring lethal infections. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.
Locations & Contacts
Contact: National Cancer Institute Referral Office
Trial Objectives and Outline
Background: - Ependymomas are rare primary brain tumors arising from radial glial stem cells. They comprise 5.2% of all pediatric primary brain tumors and 1.9% of all adult primary brain tumors. - The standard therapy for newly diagnosed ependymoma is gross total resection followed by radiation therapy. For anaplastic ependymoma, recurrence rate is high with a median progression free survival (PFS) of 2.3 years. - There are limited chemotherapy options for recurrent ependymomas, which have already been irradiated. Therefore, there is an unmet need to target novel pathways for treatment of ependymomas. - About 70% of supratentorial ependymomas have a characteristic signature C11orf95-RELA fusion which drives tumorigenesis in ependymomas by activating the NF-KB transcription pathway. - Marizomib is a second-generation irreversible proteasome inhibitor which penetrates across the blood-brain-barrier (BBB). It inhibits the activity of 20S proteasome in glioma cells, activates caspases, builds up reactive oxygen species and thus induces apoptosis. Marizomib blocks the NF-pathway by proteasome inhibition. Thus, it may have an additional targeted therapeutic effect in the RELA-fusion molecular subgroup of ependymomas. Objective: -To evaluate the efficacy of treatment with marizomib in RELA-fusion recurrent ependymoma and non RELA-fusion recurrent ependymoma as measured by progression-free survival at 6 months (PFS6). Eligibility: - Histologically proven intra-cranial or spinal ependymoma. - Radiographic evidence of tumor progression - Patients must be greater than or equal to 18 years old. Patients must have had prior radiotherapy. Design: - This is a phase II study to determine the efficacy of marizomib in recurrent ependymoma. - A novel 2-stage sequential design will be employed to conduct the trial for recurrent ependymoma. - In the first stage, we will enroll 9 patients with RELA-fusion ependymoma and if 4 or more patients are progression free at 6 months, we will proceed to stage 2; otherwise we will terminate the trial and conclude that marizomib is not effective. - In the second stage, we will enroll 41 patients with RELA-fusion and non RELA-fusion ependymoma. - Patients will be treated with marizomib in cycles consistent of 28 days until disease progression or a maximum of 24 cycles.
Trial Phase & Type
National Cancer Institute
Mark R. Gilbert
Secondary IDs 19-C-0011, NCI-2018-02730, 19-C-0011
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03727841